Edu 144 ch 6 flashcards

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Edu 144 ch 6 flashcards

  1. 1. FLASH CARDS Chapter 6 EDU 144 Child Development I
  2. 2. A sudden increase in an infant’s vocabulary, especially in the number of nouns, that begins at about 18 months of age. Click for Term
  3. 3. naming explosion <ul><li>A sudden increase in an infant’s vocabulary, especially in the number of nouns, that begins at about 18 months of age. </li></ul>Click for Term
  4. 4. The realization that objects (including people) still exist when they can no longer be seen, touched, or heard. Click for Term
  5. 5. object permanence <ul><li>The realization that objects (including people) still exist when they can no longer be seen, touched, or heard. </li></ul>Click for Term
  6. 6. The third of three types of feedback loops in sensorimotor intelligence, this one involving active exploration and experimentation. Infants explore a range of new activities, varying their responses as a way of learning about the world. Click for Term
  7. 7. tertiary circular reactions <ul><li>The third of three types of feedback loops in sensorimotor intelligence, this one involving active exploration and experimentation. Infants explore a range of new activities, varying their responses as a way of learning about the world. </li></ul>Click for Term
  8. 8. The stage-five toddler (age 12 to 18 months) who experiments without anticipating results, using trial and error in active and creative exploration. Click for Term
  9. 9. “ little scientist” <ul><li>The stage-five toddler (age 12 to 18 months) who experiments without anticipating results, using trial and error in active and creative exploration. </li></ul>Click for Term
  10. 10. Piaget’s term for the way infants think—by using their senses and motor skills—during the first period of cognitive development. Click for Term
  11. 11. sensorimotor intelligence <ul><li>Piaget’s term for the way infants think—by using their senses and motor skills—during the first period of cognitive development. </li></ul>Click for Term
  12. 12. A sequence in which an infant first perceives something that someone else does and then performs the same action a few hours or even days later. Click for Term
  13. 13. deferred imitation <ul><li>A sequence in which an infant first perceives something that someone else does and then performs the same action a few hours or even days later. </li></ul>Click for Term
  14. 14. The process of getting used to an object or event through repeated exposure to it. Click for Term
  15. 15. habituation <ul><li>The process of getting used to an object or event through repeated exposure to it. </li></ul>Click for Term
  16. 16. The first of three types of feedback loops in sensorimotor intelligence, this one involving the infant’s own body. The infant senses motion, sucking, noise, and other stimuli, and tries to understand them. Click for Term
  17. 17. primary circular reactions <ul><li>The first of three types of feedback loops in sensorimotor intelligence, this one involving the infant’s own body. The infant senses motion, sucking, noise, and other stimuli, and tries to understand them. </li></ul>Click for Term
  18. 18. A single word that is used to express a complete, meaningful thought. Click for Term
  19. 19. holophrase <ul><li>A single word that is used to express a complete, meaningful thought. </li></ul>Click for Term
  20. 20. The second of three types of feedback loops in sensorimotor intelligence, this one involving people and objects. Infants respond to other people, to toys, and to any other object they can touch or move. Click for Term
  21. 21. secondary circular reactions <ul><li>The second of three types of feedback loops in sensorimotor intelligence, this one involving people and objects. Infants respond to other people, to toys, and to any other object they can touch or move. </li></ul>Click for Term
  22. 22. The high-pitched, simplified, and repetitive way adults speak to infants. Click for Term
  23. 23. child-directed speech <ul><li>The high-pitched, simplified, and repetitive way adults speak to infants. </li></ul>Click for Term
  24. 24. An opportunity for perception and interaction that is offered by a person, place, or object in the environment. Click for Term
  25. 25. affordance <ul><li>An opportunity for perception and interaction that is offered by a person, place, or object in the environment. </li></ul>Click for Term
  26. 26. The extended repetition of certain syllables, such as ba-ba-ba, that begins when babies are between 6 and 9 months old. Click for Term
  27. 27. babbling <ul><li>The extended repetition of certain syllables, such as ba-ba-ba, that begins when babies are between 6 and 9 months old. </li></ul>Click for Term
  28. 28. A universal principle of infant perception, consisting of an innate attraction to other humans, which is evident in visual, auditory, tactile, and other preferences. Click for Term
  29. 29. people preference <ul><li>A universal principle of infant perception, consisting of an innate attraction to other humans, which is evident in visual, auditory, tactile, and other preferences. </li></ul>Click for Term
  30. 30. An experimental apparatus that gives an illusion of a sudden dropoff between one horizontal surface and another. Click for Term
  31. 31. visual cliff <ul><li>An experimental apparatus that gives an illusion of a sudden dropoff between one horizontal surface and another. </li></ul>Click for Term
  32. 32. A perspective that compares human thinking processes, by analogy, to computer analysis of data, including sensory input, connections, stored memories, and output. Click for Term
  33. 33. information-processing theory <ul><li>A perspective that compares human thinking processes, by analogy, to computer analysis of data, including sensory input, connections, stored memories, and output. </li></ul>Click for Term

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