Edu 144 ch 5 flashcards

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Edu 144 ch 5 flashcards

  1. 1. FLASH CARDS Chapter 5 EDU 144 Child Development I
  2. 2. A fiber that extends from a neuron and transmits electrochemical impulses from that neuron to the dendrites of other neurons. Click for Term
  3. 3. axon <ul><li>A fiber that extends from a neuron and transmits electrochemical impulses from that neuron to the dendrites of other neurons. </li></ul>Click for Term
  4. 4. A point on a ranking scale of 0 to 100. The 50 th percentile is the midpoint; half the people in the population being studied rank higher and half rank lower. Click for Term
  5. 5. percentile <ul><li>A point on a ranking scale of 0 to 100. The 50 th percentile is the midpoint; half the people in the population being studied rank higher and half rank lower. </li></ul>Click for Term
  6. 6. One of the billions of nerve cells in the central nervous system, especially the brain. Click for Term
  7. 7. neuron <ul><li>One of the billions of nerve cells in the central nervous system, especially the brain. </li></ul>Click for Term
  8. 8. An average, or standard, measurement, calculated from the measurements of many individuals within a specific group or population. Click for Term
  9. 9. norm <ul><li>An average, or standard, measurement, calculated from the measurements of many individuals within a specific group or population. </li></ul>Click for Term
  10. 10. The outer layers of the brain in humans and other mammals. Most thinking, feeling, and sensing involve the cortex. Click for Term
  11. 11. cortex <ul><li>The outer layers of the brain in humans and other mammals. Most thinking, feeling, and sensing involve this part of the brain. </li></ul>Click for Term
  12. 12. A fiber that extends from a neuron and receives electrochemical impulses transmitted from other neurons via their axons. Click for Term
  13. 13. dendrite <ul><li>A fiber that extends from a neuron and receives electrochemical impulses transmitted from other neurons via their axons. </li></ul>Click for Term
  14. 14. A biological mechanism that protects the brain when malnutrition affects body growth. The brain is the last part of the body to be damaged by malnutrition. Click for Term
  15. 15. Head-sparing <ul><li>A biological mechanism that protects the brain when malnutrition affects body growth. The brain is the last part of the body to be damaged by malnutrition. </li></ul>Click for Term
  16. 16. The area of the cortex at the front of the brain that specializes in anticipation, planning, and impulse control. Click for Term
  17. 17. prefrontal cortex <ul><li>The area of the cortex at the front of the brain that specializes in anticipation, planning, and impulse control. </li></ul>Click for Term
  18. 18. The inborn drive to remedy a developmental deficit. Click for Term
  19. 19. self-righting <ul><li>The inborn drive to remedy a developmental deficit. </li></ul>Click for Term
  20. 20. The response of a sensory system (eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose) when it detects a stimulus. Click for Term
  21. 21. sensation <ul><li>The response of a sensory system (eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose) when it detects a stimulus. </li></ul>Click for Term
  22. 22. The intersection between the axon of one neuron and the dendrites of other neurons. Click for Term
  23. 23. synapse <ul><li>The intersection between the axon of one neuron and the dendrites of other neurons. </li></ul>Click for Term
  24. 24. The mental processing of sensory information when the brain interprets a sensation. Click for Term
  25. 25. perception <ul><li>The mental processing of sensory information when the brain interprets a sensation. </li></ul>Click for Term
  26. 26. The ability to focus the two eyes in a coordinated manner in order to see one image. Click for Term
  27. 27. binocular vision <ul><li>The ability to focus the two eyes in a coordinated manner in order to see one image. </li></ul>Click for Term
  28. 28. A condition in which a person does not consume sufficient food of any kind. This deprivation can result in several illnesses, severe weight loss, and even death. Click for Term
  29. 29. protein-calorie malnutrition <ul><li>A condition in which a person does not consume sufficient food of any kind. This deprivation can result in several illnesses, severe weight loss, and even death. </li></ul>Click for Term
  30. 30. A time when a certain type of development is most likely to happen and happens most easily. If it does not happen during this period, it may still occur later. Click for Term
  31. 31. sensitive period <ul><li>A time when a certain type of development is most likely to happen and happens most easily. If it does not happen during this period, it may still occur later. </li></ul>Click for Term
  32. 32. A disease of severe protein-calorie malnutrition during early infancy, in which growth stops, body tissues waste away, and the infant eventually dies. Click for Term
  33. 33. marasmus <ul><li>A disease of severe protein-calorie malnutrition during early infancy, in which growth stops, body tissues waste away, and the infant eventually dies. </li></ul>Click for Term
  34. 34. Physical abilities involving large body movements, such as walking and jumping. Click for Term
  35. 35. gross motor skills <ul><li>Physical abilities involving large body movements, such as walking and jumping. </li></ul>Click for Term
  36. 36. A disease of chronic malnutrition during childhood, in which a protein deficiency makes the child more vulnerable to other diseases, such as measles, diarrhea, and influenza. Click for Term
  37. 37. kwashiorkor <ul><li>A disease of chronic malnutrition during childhood, in which a protein deficiency makes the child more vulnerable to other diseases, such as measles, diarrhea, and influenza. </li></ul>Click for Term
  38. 38. Physical abilities involving small body movements, especially of the hands and fingers, such as drawing and picking up a coin. Click for Term
  39. 39. fine motor skills <ul><li>Physical abilities involving small body movements, especially of the hands and fingers, such as drawing and picking up a coin. </li></ul>Click for Term
  40. 40. A situation in which a seemingly healthy infant, at least 2 months of age, suddenly stops breathing and dies unexpectedly while asleep. Click for Term
  41. 41. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) <ul><li>A situation in which a seemingly healthy infant, at least 2 months of age, suddenly stops breathing and dies unexpectedly while asleep. </li></ul>Click for Term
  42. 42. The great increase in the numbers of dendrites that occurs in an infant’s brain during the first two years of life. Click for Term
  43. 43. transient exuberance <ul><li>The great increase in the numbers of dendrites that occurs in an infant’s brain during the first two years of life. </li></ul>Click for Term

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