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FLASH CARDS Chapter 4 EDU 144 Child Development I
The stage of prenatal development from approximately the third through the eighth week  after conception, during which the...
Embryonic period <ul><li>The stage of prenatal development from approximately the third through the eighth week  after con...
The process, beginning about 10 days after conception, in which the developing organism burrows into the placenta that lin...
implantation <ul><li>The process, beginning about 10 days after conception, in which the developing organism burrows into ...
The stage of prenatal development from the ninth week after conception until birth, during which the organs grow in size a...
Fetal period <ul><li>The stage of prenatal development from the ninth week after conception until birth, during which the ...
The first two weeks of prenatal development after conception, characterized by rapid cell division and the beginning of ce...
Germinal period <ul><li>The first two weeks of prenatal development after conception, characterized by rapid cell division...
The name for a developing human organism from about the third through the eighth week after conception. Click for Term
embryo <ul><li>The name for a developing human organism from about the third through the eighth week after conception. </l...
The name for a developing human organism from the start of the ninth week after conception until birth. Click for Term
fetus <ul><li>The name for a developing human organism from the start of the ninth week after conception until birth. </li...
The age (about 22 weeks after conception) at which a fetus may survive outside the mother’s uterus if specialized medical ...
Age of viability <ul><li>The age (about 22 weeks after conception) at which a fetus may survive outside the mother’s uteru...
Agents and conditions, including viruses, drugs, and chemicals, that can impair prenatal development and result in birth d...
teratogens <ul><li>Agents and conditions, including viruses, drugs, and chemicals, that can impair prenatal development an...
A quick assessment of a new born’s body functioning. The baby’s color, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone, and respiratory ...
Apgar scale <ul><li>A quick assessment of a new born’s body functioning. The baby’s color, heart rate, reflexes, muscle to...
A situation in which a certain teratogen is relatively harmless in small doses but becomes harmful once exposure reaches a...
Threshold effect <ul><li>A situation in which a certain teratogen is relatively harmless in small doses but becomes harmfu...
The result of a combination of teratogens. Sometimes the risk of harm is greatly magnified when an embryo or fetus is expo...
Interaction effect <ul><li>The result of a combination of teratogens. Sometimes the risk of harm is greatly magnified when...
A cluster of birth defects, including abnormal facial characteristics, slow physical growth, and retarded mental developme...
Fetal alcohol syndrome <ul><li>A cluster of birth defects, including abnormal facial characteristics, slow physical growth...
A body weight at birth of less than 5 ½ pounds (2500 grams). Click for Term
Low birthweight (LBW) <ul><li>A body weight at birth of less than 5 ½ pounds (2500 grams). </li></ul>Click for Term
A term for a baby whose birthweight is significantly lower than expected, given the time since conception.  Click for Term
Small for gestational age (SGA) <ul><li>A term for a baby whose birthweight is significantly lower than expected, given th...
A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged during birth, can cause brain damage or death to the baby. Click for Term
anoxia <ul><li>A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged during birth, can cause brain damage or death to the baby. </li></ul>Cl...
A body weight  at birth of less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces (1, 500 grams). Click for Term
Very low birthweight (VLBW) <ul><li>A body weight  at birth of less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces (1, 500 grams). </li></ul>Clic...
A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full 38 weeks of the typical pregnancy have elapsed—that is, at 35 or fewer...
Preterm birth <ul><li>A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full 38 weeks of the typical pregnancy have elapsed—t...
A body weight at birth of less than 2 pounds, 3 ounces (1,000 grams). Click for Term
Extremely low birthweight (ELBW) <ul><li>A body weight at birth of less than 2 pounds, 3 ounces (1,000 grams). </li></ul>C...
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Edu 144 ch 4 flashcards

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Edu 144 ch 4 flashcards

  1. 1. FLASH CARDS Chapter 4 EDU 144 Child Development I
  2. 2. The stage of prenatal development from approximately the third through the eighth week after conception, during which the basic forms of all body structures, including internal organs develop. Click for Term
  3. 3. Embryonic period <ul><li>The stage of prenatal development from approximately the third through the eighth week after conception, during which the basic forms of all body structures, including internal organs develop. </li></ul>Click for Term
  4. 4. The process, beginning about 10 days after conception, in which the developing organism burrows into the placenta that lines the uterus, where it can be nourished and protected as it continues to develop. Click for Term
  5. 5. implantation <ul><li>The process, beginning about 10 days after conception, in which the developing organism burrows into the placenta that lines the uterus, where it can be nourished and protected as it continues to develop. </li></ul>Click for Term
  6. 6. The stage of prenatal development from the ninth week after conception until birth, during which the organs grow in size and mature in functioning. Click for Term
  7. 7. Fetal period <ul><li>The stage of prenatal development from the ninth week after conception until birth, during which the organs grow in size and mature in functioning. </li></ul>Click for Term
  8. 8. The first two weeks of prenatal development after conception, characterized by rapid cell division and the beginning of cell differentiation. Click for Term
  9. 9. Germinal period <ul><li>The first two weeks of prenatal development after conception, characterized by rapid cell division and the beginning of cell differentiation. </li></ul>Click for Term
  10. 10. The name for a developing human organism from about the third through the eighth week after conception. Click for Term
  11. 11. embryo <ul><li>The name for a developing human organism from about the third through the eighth week after conception. </li></ul>Click for Term
  12. 12. The name for a developing human organism from the start of the ninth week after conception until birth. Click for Term
  13. 13. fetus <ul><li>The name for a developing human organism from the start of the ninth week after conception until birth. </li></ul>Click for Term
  14. 14. The age (about 22 weeks after conception) at which a fetus may survive outside the mother’s uterus if specialized medical care is available. Click for Term
  15. 15. Age of viability <ul><li>The age (about 22 weeks after conception) at which a fetus may survive outside the mother’s uterus if specialized medical care is available. </li></ul>Click for Term
  16. 16. Agents and conditions, including viruses, drugs, and chemicals, that can impair prenatal development and result in birth defects or even death. Click for Term
  17. 17. teratogens <ul><li>Agents and conditions, including viruses, drugs, and chemicals, that can impair prenatal development and result in birth defects or even death. </li></ul>Click for Term
  18. 18. A quick assessment of a new born’s body functioning. The baby’s color, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone, and respiratory effort are given a score of 0, 1, or 2 twice—at one minute and five minutes after birth—and each time the total of all five scores is compared with the ideal score of 10 (which is rarely attained). Click for Term
  19. 19. Apgar scale <ul><li>A quick assessment of a new born’s body functioning. The baby’s color, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone, and respiratory effort are given a score of 0, 1, or 2 twice—at one minute and five minutes after birth—and each time the total of all five scores is compared with the ideal score of 10 (which is rarely attained). </li></ul>Click for Term
  20. 20. A situation in which a certain teratogen is relatively harmless in small doses but becomes harmful once exposure reaches a certain level (the threshold). Click for Term
  21. 21. Threshold effect <ul><li>A situation in which a certain teratogen is relatively harmless in small doses but becomes harmful once exposure reaches a certain level (the threshold). </li></ul>Click for Term
  22. 22. The result of a combination of teratogens. Sometimes the risk of harm is greatly magnified when an embryo or fetus is exposed to more than one teratogen at the same time. Click for Term
  23. 23. Interaction effect <ul><li>The result of a combination of teratogens. Sometimes the risk of harm is greatly magnified when an embryo or fetus is exposed to more than one teratogen at the same time. </li></ul>Click for Term
  24. 24. A cluster of birth defects, including abnormal facial characteristics, slow physical growth, and retarded mental development, that may occur in the child of a woman who drinks alcohol while pregnant. Click for Term
  25. 25. Fetal alcohol syndrome <ul><li>A cluster of birth defects, including abnormal facial characteristics, slow physical growth, and retarded mental development, that may occur in the child of a woman who drinks alcohol while pregnant. </li></ul>Click for Term
  26. 26. A body weight at birth of less than 5 ½ pounds (2500 grams). Click for Term
  27. 27. Low birthweight (LBW) <ul><li>A body weight at birth of less than 5 ½ pounds (2500 grams). </li></ul>Click for Term
  28. 28. A term for a baby whose birthweight is significantly lower than expected, given the time since conception. Click for Term
  29. 29. Small for gestational age (SGA) <ul><li>A term for a baby whose birthweight is significantly lower than expected, given the time since conception. </li></ul>Click for Term
  30. 30. A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged during birth, can cause brain damage or death to the baby. Click for Term
  31. 31. anoxia <ul><li>A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged during birth, can cause brain damage or death to the baby. </li></ul>Click for Term
  32. 32. A body weight at birth of less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces (1, 500 grams). Click for Term
  33. 33. Very low birthweight (VLBW) <ul><li>A body weight at birth of less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces (1, 500 grams). </li></ul>Click for Term
  34. 34. A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full 38 weeks of the typical pregnancy have elapsed—that is, at 35 or fewer weeks after conception. Click for Term
  35. 35. Preterm birth <ul><li>A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full 38 weeks of the typical pregnancy have elapsed—that is, at 35 or fewer weeks after conception. </li></ul>Click for Term
  36. 36. A body weight at birth of less than 2 pounds, 3 ounces (1,000 grams). Click for Term
  37. 37. Extremely low birthweight (ELBW) <ul><li>A body weight at birth of less than 2 pounds, 3 ounces (1,000 grams). </li></ul>Click for Term

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