Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

  1. 1. Chapter 11<br />Puppets<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Storytelling and puppetry are ancient forms of oral tradition that developed historically in the same way<br />In early childhood education, a puppet is whatever a child says it is!<br />
  3. 3. Historical View of Puppets<br />China and India<br />Indonesia<br />Flat, leather shadow puppets<br />Three-dimensional rod puppets<br />Vietnam<br />Water puppetry<br />Africa<br />Puppet pageantry<br />
  4. 4. Historical View of Puppets (continued)<br />Japan<br />Bunraku<br />Refined from rod puppetry<br />Requires three puppeteers<br />Europe<br />Punch and Judy <br />From Italian Pucinella<br />South America<br />Mamulengo<br />
  5. 5. Planning for Puppets in Early Education<br />The teacher and the children should decide when and how to use puppets<br />Teachers should:<br />Choose a puppet for themselves<br />Get comfortable with the puppet<br />Practice<br />Use puppets regularly <br />
  6. 6. Introducing Puppets<br />The teacher should model the use of puppets during group time across curricular areas<br />The teacher and children should create and use puppets together<br />Individual children or groups of children should make and interact with puppets<br />
  7. 7. Setting Up the Environment and Introducing Activities<br />Focus on the process<br />Acknowledge how puppet play contributes to the development of the whole child<br />Introduce the puppets <br />Types depend on ages and development of children<br />Use different types<br />Alternate activities to address needs of learning styles and developmental domains<br />
  8. 8. Easy-to-Make Puppets<br />Hand puppets<br />Finger puppets<br />Hand, glove, and mitt puppets<br />Stick or rod puppets<br />Single stick—dowel rod, tongue depressor, craft stick, and the like<br />Wooden spoon<br />Marionettes<br />Controlled by strings<br />
  9. 9. Other Types of Puppets<br />Shadow puppets<br />Translucent screen<br />Light source from behind<br />Papier-mâché puppets<br />Newspaper strips and paste<br />Cloth bodies<br />
  10. 10. Materials<br />Puppet patterns<br />Box for “Puppet Materials”<br />Materials that include: <br />
  11. 11. Suggestions for Placement and Storage of Puppets<br />Puppet center<br />Place puppets throughout the classroom<br />Stage not necessary for creative and spontaneous use<br />Ideas for creating stage<br />
  12. 12. Puppets across the Curriculum<br />Puppets can:<br />Speak in all languages<br />Along with props, expand the language arts center<br />Enhance storytelling<br />Help reinforce cooperation, rules, and problem solving<br />Emphasize the importance of listening<br />Be included in outdoor play<br />
  13. 13. Puppets and Television<br />Edgar Bergen—Charlie McCarthy<br />Bil Baird—created over 3,000 puppets<br />“Buffalo Bob” Smith—Howdy Doody<br />Burr Tillstrom—Kuklah, Fran, and Ollie<br />Jim Henson—Muppets<br />Shari Lewis—Lamb Chop<br />Fred Rogers—Mister Rogers<br />Bob Keeshan—Captain Kangaroo<br />
  14. 14. Taking Puppets Home<br />Send families information about puppet presentations in the community<br />Send families notes and letters in their native languages<br />Conduct informal family meetings<br />

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