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Chapter 10


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Chapter 10

  1. 1. Chapter 10<br />Music and Movement<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />All humans are born with an innate capability for music<br />That capability is influenced by the music system of the culture in which the child is born<br />Music is a language, a means of communication<br />A developmentally appropriate classroom will weave music and movement into the daily curriculum<br />In young children, music and movement are intertwined<br />
  3. 3. Music and Creative Movement Education<br />Children learn best by acting on what they experience<br />Music and movement activities nurture the development of minds, bodies, emotions, and language<br />
  4. 4. Effect of Music and Movement on Domains<br />Music and movement activities:<br />Encourage physical development<br />The importance of play<br />The importance of recess<br />Incorporate intellectual growth<br />Involve listening<br />Provide socially and emotionally responsive activities<br />Cultivate musical language development<br />Stimulate children’s creativity and uniqueness <br />
  5. 5. Large and Small Muscle Development and Physical Fitness<br />Requires indoor and outdoor activities<br />Motor development<br />Large muscle development<br />Small muscle development<br />Physical fitness<br />
  6. 6. Types of Movement<br />Locomotor movement (movement in space)<br />Moving the whole body from one place to another<br />Nonlocomotor movement (movement in place)<br />Feet remain stationary while other parts of the body move<br />Manipulative movement<br />Gross motor movements involving force imparted to or received from objects, or any gross motor skill in which an object is involved<br />Kinesthetic<br />
  7. 7. Types of Music<br />Classical music<br />Songs and singing<br /><ul><li>Human voice
  8. 8. Instruments
  9. 9. Environmental sounds
  10. 10. Music from radio, TV, CDs, etc.</li></ul>Using the voice<br />Instruments<br />
  11. 11. Other Musical Experiences<br />Chants, nursery rhymes, folk music<br />Popular music, show tunes, country tunes<br />Patriotic music<br />Seasonal music<br />Music for dancing and marching<br />Rock, jazz, blues, hip-hop<br />Gradually introduce heavily orchestrated music<br />Guard against sound pollution<br />
  12. 12. Musical Instruments<br />Types of instruments<br />Percussion<br />Wind<br />String<br />Brass<br />
  13. 13. Sequence of Introducing Musical Sounds and Instruments<br />Introduce recordings children can sway to<br />Have children clap to rhythm<br />Use wind chimes<br />Use music boxes<br />Introduce instruments one at a time<br />Have children play in groups<br />Use jingle bells<br />Have children discriminate between sounds<br />
  14. 14. Making Musical Instruments<br />Drums<br />Tambourine<br />Wood-block tambourine<br />Sandpaper blocks<br />Shakers<br />Wind chimes<br />Nail scraper<br />Shoe box guitar<br />Flute<br />
  15. 15. Storing and Caring for Instruments<br />Instruments are not to be used as toys<br />Instruments are not to be used as weapons<br />
  16. 16. Music and Movement Environments<br />Numerous music and movement activities should be provided<br />Consider sound levels<br />Classrooms should be arranged to accommodate music and movement<br />Incorporate books<br />
  17. 17. Music and Movement Activities<br />Simon Says<br />Move the body<br />Poem, music, and movement<br />Obstacle course<br />Beanbags<br />Move with scarves<br />
  18. 18. Tips for Teachers<br />Connect to other curriculum areas<br />Include at least two movement and music activities each week<br />Use a variety of approaches for including music and movement<br />Introduce children to different styles of music<br />Include families <br />Rotate the instruments inside and outside<br />Establish rules for handling and storing instruments<br />
  19. 19. Developmentally Appropriate and Multicultural/Anti-Bias Activities<br />Expose children to music of their cultures<br />Expose children to music of other cultures<br />Use dance as a multicultural activity<br />