Plagiarism jea13


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Plagiarism jea13

  1. 1. What is plagiarism?Candace Perkins BowenKent State UniversityJEA/NSPA Spring 2013
  2. 2. First, some definitions“The act of passing off as one’s own the ideas or writings ofanother.”Appendix to the Honor Council pamphlet,“Acknowledging the Work of Others,” Georgetown University“… Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the knowingor intentional failure to attribute language or ideas to theiroriginal source, in the manner required by the academicdiscipline (such as … footnote citations …) or in themanner required by journalism practice (such as byquotation marks and attribution in a journalisticpresentation)…”Medill School of Journalism, Northwestern University,Policy of Academic Integrity
  3. 3.  “The unauthorized use or close imitation ofthe language and thoughts of anotherauthor and the representation of them asone’s own original work.”The Random House Dictionary
  4. 4. Levels of plagiarism:Does one size fit all? Turning in someone else’s work as yours Leaving out quotation marks for a quote Not indicating the source of information Changing words but leaving the structure thesame Copying so much of the idea it is no longerthe writer’s work
  5. 5. Is this a big problem?Penn State supplies students and faculty withPlagiarism Prevention ResourcesPlagiarism Tutorials for Students Student tutorial onplagiarism, inappropriate paraphrase, citations andacademic honestyPlagiarism Detection and Prevention: An Instructor GuideInstructor guide to strategies for detecting and preventingplagiarism in the classroomPlagiarism Links Links to plagiarism policy pages,guides, quizzes, citation guidelines, basic copyright
  6. 6. Higher standard for media? Seek Truth and Report ItJournalists should be honest, fair and courageous ingathering, reporting and interpreting information.Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics Professional electronic journalists should operate astrustees of the public, seek the truth, report it fairlyand with integrity and independence, and standaccountable for their actions.Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct,Radio-Television News Directors Association
  7. 7. What do journalists say? Two things have changed when it comes to newmedia technologies and plagiarism: Plagiarism ismuch easier to commit. And plagiarism is mucheasier to detect. I believe that all news organizationshould randomly filter the stories of staffers throughthe plagiarism detection software. Kind of like urinetests for texts….Is Plagiarism More Likely in the Internet Age?Roy Peter Clark Talks AboutHow to Avoid Plagiarism in an Online WorldBy Tony Rogers, Guide
  8. 8. What about college media?PlagiarismWhen you plagiarize, you violate two of the most important standardswe uphold as journalists: honesty and accuracy. This document is tohelp you understand the Cronkite School’s standard on plagiarismand what is expected of you as a Cronkite student.Plagiarism consists of using someone else’s words, phrases, sentences or ideaswithout giving credit. This is true whether you do it intentionally orinadvertently.Students most often get into trouble when they cut and pasteinformation from the Internet. There are two main ways to avoid thisand other kinds of plagiarism: Quote and attribute. Use the exact words in quotation marks and include whosaid it or wrote it. Paraphrase and attribute: Use your own words, but still include who said it orwrote it.ASUWalter Cronkite School of JMC
  9. 9. What about the pros? Jerry Ceppos, former vice president for newsof Knight Ridder and now dean at LSU: Every American newspaper has a problem with plagiarism. American journalism schools give ethics instruction short shrift.(Hynes study: Only half have an ethics course.) Knight Ridder has a virtually zero-tolerance rule. “We decided --and this happened at the highest levels -- that when someone isfired because of plagiarism, when a reference check comes in …we will say, “the guy was fired for plagiarism.”Interview with John McManus,, Jan. 13, 2006
  10. 10.  Grand Forks (N.D.) Herald Plagiarism is one of journalism’s unforgivable sins — and, at thisnewspaper, a dismissible offense. Material taken from othernewspapers and other media must be attributed. San Jose (Calif.) Mercury News Plagiarism exists in many forms, from the wholesale lifting ofsomeone else’s writing to the publication of a press release asnews without attribution. The daily newspaper should be an originalwork. Do not borrow someone else’s words without attribution. Sioux Falls (S.D.) Leader Plagiarism will not be tolerated. Beaumont (Texas) Enterprise Plagiarism is the act of lifting the words and work of others andrepresenting it as one’s own. It will be a firing offense at TheEnterprise.Compiled by the Society of Professional Journalists
  11. 11. ‘You can quote me on that….’ Advice on attribution for journalists, by SteveButtry, Oct. 31, 2011 article from Patch “Attribution is one of journalism’s most seriousissues. Plagiarism is inexcusable.” “How do you know that? Attribution is a keyingredient in any story’s credibility.”
  12. 12. ‘You can quote me on that….’ “When should we attribute? Attribute anytime that attribution strengthens the credibility ofa story. Attribute any time you are usingsomeone else’s words. Attribute when you arereporting information gathered by otherjournalists. Attribute when you are not certain offacts. Attribute statements of opinion. When youwonder whether you should attribute, youprobably should attribute in some fashion.”Steve Buttry
  13. 13. What can YOU do about it? Make expectations clear to staffers Use a high-tech method to combat? ( Have clear consequences/policy F on article? F for the course? Kicked off staff? Suspended temporarily? Write and publish an apology