25 years of cool space projects

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25 years of cool space projects

  1. 1. 25 Years of COOL SPACE Projects
  2. 2. Automatic Geophysical Observatory
  3. 3. 256 kB Hard Drive
  4. 4. First Computers inAntarctica Includedthese two - Apple 2e
  5. 5. ATS-3 Antennas onroof of Main Domeat South Pole
  6. 6. First Phone Call via Satellite fromSouth Pole – Dec 15, 1984
  7. 7. First Email from South Pole - Dec 15, 1984
  8. 8. This message comes to you from Goddard Space Flight Center, via the First SouthPole Satellite Data Relay Link – ATS-3 to South Pole - Nimbus 7/Landsat 4&5 toMcMurdo - Intelsat to Washington, DC. ( The only polar-orbiting Space Shuttle)
  9. 9. First Long Duration Balloon Flight from AntarcticaGRAD – Jan 11, 1988
  10. 10. Gamma Ray Detector – GRAD - on Ross Ice Shelf
  11. 11. Ultra LDB launched 9 Jan 2011
  12. 12. NASA Tracking and Data Relay Satellites (TDRS)
  13. 13. TDRS Proof of Concept: 300Mbps from Black Island – Jan 1992 (Darwin Smith, lead)
  14. 14. Portcom: 1Watt & 3” antenna
  15. 15. Empty USAF radome moved 600 feeton Crater Hill, to see TDRS sats, Jan 2001
  16. 16. Satellites for Weather and Communications – circa 1990’s
  17. 17. Imaging Ozone by Satellite for NSF Balloon Science
  18. 18. Conversion to LaunchSupports in January, 1994
  19. 19. VIP Trip to Thule, Greenland on NASA Administrator’s Private Jet - 1993
  20. 20. Ozone Imaging at Thule Air Base, Greenland - 1994
  21. 21. Resurrect a Tumbling SatelliteProblem: How to command a Tumbling satellite when its internal power sources are deadBackground: Commanding from Around the earth was ineffective for almost three years. The satellite condition was unknown. Perhaps the thermal expansions have released the short but with tumbling the arrays are not lit by Sun long enough to power up the Spacecraftwas shorted out due to a thermal expansionSolution: Send commands from Antarctica while Spacecraft is illuminated by Albedo
  22. 22. International Monitoring Platform, 1973 - 2008
  23. 23. Eight 30-ft Yagi Antennas on 60-ft tower in McMurdo, 1995 - 1997
  24. 24. Mike Staal:First MoonBounceCommunicationFrom AntarcticaJan 1995
  25. 25. New Geosync Satellite Links to South Pole in 1994: GOES-3 & InMarSat-F1
  26. 26. South Pole Internet Enables Real time coverage of Comet Impacting Jupiter in mid-1994
  27. 27. ARCTIC
  28. 28. North Pole 1999
  29. 29. Portcom-Downloading at 40 mph
  30. 30. Solar Array
  31. 31. Indian Valley Middle School
  32. 32. Ice Drill at Refueling Stop
  33. 33. Dog Sledding Around the World
  34. 34. First actual Classroom Lesson@ 90Nwas conducted by NASA in April 2001
  35. 35. NASA at the North PoleProblem: How to make ground truth measurements of Sea Ice near 90NBackground:• Correlate surface properties Satellites can measure to sea ice mass• Sea Ice near 90N is not accessible by normal means• Takes too long to do field work with a normal teamSolution:• Use a team of college students and professors• Have experts layout the procedures and provide critical equipment• Adapt to existing Russian Commercial Services• Native Americans provide Chartered logistics consistent with their grant
  36. 36. NASA Robotics for College Engineering Students
  37. 37. Robotic Arm in Antarctica, Remotely Controlled from Michigan
  38. 38. GREAT Project 2008Antarctica & Alaska
  39. 39. Store-and-Forward Networking Relay stores data while not in view of Earth Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) is an effort to develop and standardize a message- based, store-and-forward system with reliability, security, and quality of service. Relay transmits data when in view of Earth Relay Range
  40. 40. North to Alaska – Pt Barrow
  41. 41. First Pole – Pole Phone Call & Internet
  42. 42. 1993: This $750k system led us to develop a PC-based Weather Imaging system
  43. 43. NASA GMS Weather Imaging Systemset up in Chiang Mi, Thailand - 1993
  44. 44. Students Processing Satellite DataProblem:How to enable students to process satellite weather image data in realtimeBackground:• NOAA intends for users to have access to realtime weather data• Cost a fortune to collect 2Mbps & process it with mainframe computers• Too complicated for students to handleSolution:• Tailor the RF Receiver, Bit Sync, Frame Sync to one job• Put these functions on PC boards inside a PC• Develop an 8-bit version of the Processing Software for a 486 PC• As PCs get more powerful the processing gets faster, better, cheaper
  45. 45. Exploring Technology with Satellite Imagery
  46. 46. HRPT Weather System for Thule Air Base
  47. 47. IT Guru Dave Beverley
  48. 48. You Be The Scientist
  49. 49. YBTS Team minus Dave

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