Cambodian Dinner Night 15/11/08


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Cambodian Dinner Night 15/11/08

  2. 2. MC Leakena & Angkeara
  4. 4. Mr. Pheakdei Ok - President of Committee Mr. Men Darin - Vice President of Committee
  5. 5. 1 st Round for 8 questions Khmer Cultural Trivia
  6. 6. According to modern historians, the Khmer legend has begun during the period from 68 AD to 550 AD. An Indian priest following a dream come to Cambodian’s Great Lake to find fortune then met and married a local princess and founded “Funan”, introducing Hindu customs, legal traditions and the Sanskrit Language. Funan is considered to be the first Khmer Kingdom which was the oldest Indianized state in the South East Asia region. The name of Funan drive from Khmer word “…?...”
  7. 8. Cambodia is situated in Southeastern Asia, bordering between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos and “…?...”
  8. 10. <ul><li>Angkor Wat Temple was built in the first half of 12th century during reign of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King Suryavarman II </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King Suryavarman I </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King Jayavarman VII </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King Ang Chan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 12. The word &quot; Angkor Wat &quot; is derived from Sanskrit language.  Angkor Wat literally means “ …?... &quot;
  10. 14. Buddhism was introduced into Khmer society in the 12th century during the rule of King Jayavaram VII and continues to be practiced till nowadays. However, before that, Khmer adopted the “”...?...” religion
  11. 16. Khmer is an official language of Cambodia. The Khmer language has the oldest written records of any Southeast Asian language in stone inscriptions dating back to the seventh century. The written language is complex, including 66 consonant symbols, 35 vowel symbols, 33 superscripts, and 33 subscripts. Because of the historical ties of the Khmer people to the culture of India, the language has many words similar to “…?...”
  12. 18. <ul><li>Cambodian Dance can be divided into three main categories: classical dance, folk dances, and social dances. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Khmer classical dance ” is a form of Cambodian dance originally performed only for royalty </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Khmer folk dance ” is performed for audiences, are fast-paced. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Social dance ” are those danced at social gatherings. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which type of dance that above picture belong to “ …?... ” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 20. When greeting people or to show respect in Cambodia culture people do the “ …?... &quot; gesture
  14. 22. The winner is….?....
  15. 24. Give a name to Khmer historical pictures
  16. 25. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>Royal dancer </li></ul><ul><li>king’s wife </li></ul><ul><li>Apsara dancer </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  17. 26. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>Animal hunting </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants parade </li></ul><ul><li>Royal trip </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  18. 27. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional formal dress </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer women </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  19. 28. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional informal dress </li></ul><ul><li>A married woman </li></ul><ul><li>Young Khmer women </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  20. 29. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>King Sisowath </li></ul><ul><li>Royal dancer </li></ul><ul><li>King Norodom </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  21. 30. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>King Sisowath’s family </li></ul><ul><li>Royal family </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary Khmer family </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  22. 31. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>Royal dancers </li></ul><ul><li>Royal musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Royal family </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  23. 32. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher and Student </li></ul><ul><li>Royal family </li></ul><ul><li>Father and son </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  24. 33. <ul><li>This picture is: </li></ul><ul><li>Female dancer in Male Costume </li></ul><ul><li>Royal dancer </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary woman </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a correct answer ? </li></ul>
  25. 34. The winner is….?....
  27. 38. No Legs have I to dance No Lungs have I to breath What am I?
  28. 40. My Life can be measured by hours, I serve by being devoured What am I?
  29. 42. I am a window, I am a lamp I am clouded, I am shining I am colored, set in white, I fill with water and over flow. I say much, but I have no word What I am?
  30. 44. I am adored by few Feared and hated by many What am I?
  31. 46. I can be long I can be short I can be grown I can be bought What am I?
  32. 48. I am used to bat with, yet I never get a hit I am near a ball, yet it is never thrown What am I?
  33. 50. I am tempting, so its said I have a shiny coat of red What am I?
  34. 52. At night they come without being fetched And by day they are lost without being stolen What are they?
  35. 54. If you have it, you want to share it If you share it, you don’t have it What is it?
  36. 56. What goes around the world and stays in a corner ?
  37. 58. I have four legs but never walk I may be covered in flowers but have no soil What am I ?
  38. 59. The winner is….?....
  39. 60. Khmer Cultural Trivia 2 nd Round for 8 questions
  40. 61. Shadow Puppets which made of leather are designed and used in Khmer traditional and modern art performance. It often is used to perform the story of “ …?... ”
  41. 63. The boat racing dates back to ancient times marking the strength of the powerful Khmer marine forces during the Khmer empire. It is performed every year along the banks of the Tonle Sap and Mekong Rivers during “…?...”
  42. 65. Cambodia has a tropical climate which rainy season starts from May to November and dry season starts from December to April. The rainy season is also called “…?...”
  43. 67. King Norodom Sihanouk proclaimed Cambodia’s independence from French in what year “…?...”
  44. 69. <ul><li>If a white pennant-shaped flags “White Crocodile Flag” is put outside the house, it indicates that someone in a household has: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sick </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Died </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Born </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Married </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 71. The golden age of Cambodia was between the 9th and 15th century, during the Angkor period, during which it was a powerful and prosperous empire that flourished and dominated almost all of inland South East Asia. However, the kingdom known as “Kambuja” fell into decline after Jayavaram's reign and was nearly annihilated by Thai and Vietnamese invaders. Its power steadily diminished until 1863, when France colonized the region, joining Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam into a single protectorate known as “…?......”
  46. 73. As part of geography, there is a “Great Large Fresh Water Lake” situated in the middle of Country, it is called in Khmer word “...?...”
  47. 75. There is a special ensemble music which is traditionally heard on feast days in the pagodas. It is also a court ensemble used to accompany classical dance for ritual occasions or theatrical events. This ensemble music is primarily made up of percussion instruments: the roneat ek (lead xylophone), roneat thung (low bamboo xylophone), kong vong touch and kong vong thom (small and large sets of tuned gongs), sampho (two-sided drum), skor thom (two large drums), and sralai (quadruple-reed instrument). What the music is “…?...”
  48. 77. The winner is….?....
  49. 78. Khmer Cultural Trivia 3 rd Round for 9 questions
  50. 79. After claiming an independence from French, this monument was built to erect the end of French colonial rule in Cambodia. What the monument is “…?...”
  51. 81. Khmer Ethnics in Cambodia are found in the northeastern provinces of Rattanakiri, Stung Treng, Mondulkiri and Krate. They live in scattered temporary villages that have only a few hundred inhabitants. These villages usually are governed by a council of local elders or by a village headman. The major Khmer ethnic groups in Cambodia are the Kuy, Phnong, Brao, Jarai, and Rade. In Khmer word, these groups of Khmer Ethnic is called “…?...”
  52. 83. This is the most culturally and religiously significant event of the year and is celebrated in September. This festival of souls concentrates on blessing the souls of ancestors, relatives and friends who have passed away. All Buddhist temples are the focal points for this festival and most Cambodians visit the temples to make traditional offerings and pray It is called in Khmer Word “...?...”
  53. 85. This picture is one of two elements of classical ballet dancing, the depiction of early myths involve performing a fragment of the Ramayana Story. It is called in Khmer Word “…?...” dance
  54. 87. Silk has always played a major cultural role in elite Cambodia society, in classical dance, weddings and traditional ceremonies. In older times, the bride would weave silk for her groom, and would change her silk outfits many times during the wedding ceremony. However, there is a unique type of Silk looks like embroidery, but is actually a tapestry woven with silver and gold thread- was reserved for the high ceremony such as attending ceremonies at the Royal Palace. This glittering piece of silk is called in Khmer word &quot;…?...&quot;
  55. 89. The rice planting ceremony which usually done by the royal family is a particular ritual of circling the field and then the procession stops and the Brahmins pray to the Gods of Heaven seeking their blessings. The event sees cows being taken to silver trays which hold rice, corn, beans and other things. The predictions for the coming year are made according to the choices made. It is called in Khmer Word “...?...”
  56. 91. <ul><li>The Royal Crest is the national symbol of the Kingdom of Cambodia which reflects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The sun rays of the Khmer civilisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The two umbrellas signifying the king and queen of Cambodia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sword of the king symbolises the power and equal justice in the Kingdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mythology lions signify the force of the Cambodian people around the throne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sovereign of the Kingdom of Cambodia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is used to represent the “…?...” </li></ul>
  57. 93. The Royal Palace of is a complex of buildings which are the royal abode of the Kingdom of Cambodia. The palace was started after King Norodom relocated the royal capital from Oudong to Phnom Penh after the mid-1800s. It faces towards the East and is situated at the Western bank of four divisions at the Mekong River called Chaktomuk. Its full name in Khmer Language is “…?...”
  58. 95. A temple-mountain, a forest of 200 gigantic faces in the mysterious glances looking in all the directions, at enigmatic smiles, at beings of another world, in their smiling serenity. This 3-storeyed temple and 43 m of height, stayed for a long time an enigma. Built in 12th century by Jayavarman VII, first floors are a pantheon dedicated to the gods Khmers of the beginning of its construction, in a time of transition between the Hinduism and the Buddhism. The superior floor is dedicated to Buddha. Fabulous low reliefs of 1200m of length and representing more than 11000 sculptured persons, very long frescoes telling the fights and the naval battles between the Khmers and the Chams, as well as the daily life. This famous temple is called is “…?...”
  59. 97. The winner is….?....
  60. 98. Khmer Folk Dancing Competition