Marginalizing Access To The Sustainable Food System

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Quadrant Fellowship Presentation, October 13, 2010.

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Marginalizing Access To The Sustainable Food System

  1. 1. Marginalizing Access to the Sustainable Food System: Examining Oakland’s Minority Districts Camille Tuason Mata Quadrant Fellowship Presentation October 13, 2010 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
  2. 2. Existing Literature <ul><li>Unequal access to food (marginalization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low intake of fresh foods: poor health conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grocery store density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak transportation infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low intake of fresh foods::high production levels </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Research Question <ul><li>How marginalized are minority residents in the West Oakland, Fruitvale, and Chinatown districts from the sustainable food system? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Research Framework <ul><li>What constitutes marginalization? How to measure marginalization? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food venues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grocery store density </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer’s markets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban and school yard gardens </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CSA drop-offs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minorities in American (organic) farming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CSAs drop-offs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(organic) farming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge community </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Study Site 1 <ul><li>94607 (West Oakland): 50.8% African American (2000 U.S. Census) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Study Site 2 <ul><li>94607 (Chinatown): 26.7% Asian American (2000 U.S. Census) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Study Site 3 <ul><li>94601 (Fruitvale): 49.6% Hispanic American (2000 U.S. Census) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Methodologies <ul><li>Census data </li></ul><ul><li>Existing publications </li></ul><ul><li>Field observation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer’s markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban gardens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grocery stores </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grocery store merchants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Door to Door Surveys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower bottom residents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CSA farmers (phone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WOFC (phone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OBUGs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mo’ Better Foods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City Slickers Gardens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People’s Market </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Research Findings <ul><li>Unequal access to food differed across the three minority districts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>West Oakland less food secure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruitvale and Chinatown sold foods from Asia and South America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All grocery stores offered low volumes of organic foods. </li></ul><ul><li>Minority farmer participation is low. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Might affect their servicing minority neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CSA farms continue to service predominantly white neighborhoods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution scale to minority district neighborhoods constrained by costs of delivery </li></ul></ul>
  10. 16. Exceptions to marginalization <ul><li>Social and environmental activists very involved in improving access to organic foods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School yard gardens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban food gardens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic farmer’s markets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extensive transportation network </li></ul>
  11. 17. Research gaps <ul><li>Little data on minority participation in organic farming </li></ul><ul><li>Little effort to comprehensively map out the sustainable food system </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring different ways to participate in CSA programs </li></ul><ul><li>How to retain interest in farmer’s markets </li></ul>

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