The power of the three words and one acronym: OER vs OER


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The power of the three words and one acronym: OER vs OER. Subtitle: I’m not an Ogre of the Enchanted Realm (of cyberspace). I’m an Omnipresent Educational Rescuer (because I use the OER!)
Presentation at WCES 2014, 6-9 February, Malta
Full paper at

Published in: Education, Technology

The power of the three words and one acronym: OER vs OER

  1. 1. The power of the three words and one acronym: OER vs OER (I’m not an Ogre of the Enchanted Realm of cyberspace. I’m an Omnipresent Educational Rescuer - because I use the OER!) photocredit: oral presentation by Carmen HOLOTESCU & Gabriela GROSSECK at 6th World Conference on Educational Sciences 06-09 February 2014, Malta
  2. 2. OER Definition […] „the open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes.” UNESCO (2002)
  3. 3. What are OERs? Open Educational Resources „are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, project s, audio, video and animation.”
  4. 4. Current Projects related to OER
  5. 5. „ICT tools, Open Educational Resources, and open practices allow for an increase in the effectiveness of education, allowing for more personalised learning, a better learning experience, and an improved use of resources. Such measures also promote equity by increasing the availability of knowledge. Ultimately, opening up education may lead to a situation where all individuals may learn anytime, anywhere, with the support of anyone, using any device.” Open Education Europa Opening up education through new technologies
  6. 6. Main Outcomes: • A mapping framework of ICT-enabled innovation for learning • The Creative Classrooms concept and reference parameters • A set of policy recommendations for mainstreaming of systemic, ICT-enabled innovations in Education and Training (E&T). SCALE CCR: Up-Scaling Creative Classrooms in Europe
  7. 7. Specific objectives: • Study the sustainability and business models of OER and OEP initiatives • Build a classification of OER initiatives and practices, and a detailed and critical assessment of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats • Contribute to the analysis of the socio-economic impacts that OER and OEP can have on the education systems • Implement a participatory foresight methodology, based on targeted stakeholder consultations, in order to develop visions and scenarios on the future of Open Education • Derive policy recommendations OEREU: Open Education Resources and Practices in Europe
  8. 8. POERUP: Policies for OER Uptake „POERUP is focused on filling the following two gaps in research: • The end-user–producer communities behind the OER initiatives and what (or who) it is that actually provides the energy that make OER initiatives work or not. At present there exists little experience in how to best support the communities behind these initiatives or what they actually want or do. • Policies that governments and agencies (international, national and regional) should adopt in order to best foster creation and uptake of OER.” „OER-based learning, seen as an extension of online education, provides opportunity for everyone to access high quality education at relatively low cost” (POERUP, 2013)
  9. 9. POERUP: Policies for OER Uptake Inventory of 120 notable OER initiatives worldwide 1.0.pdf
  10. 10. OER Initiatives in Romania
  11. 11. CCR was launched in September 2, 2008, with the help of ApTI (The Association for Technology and Internet)
  12. 12. National OER initiatives • OER in the Government Programme The Government Programme for 2013-2016 adopted in December 2012 ( 2016.pdf) specifies that Ministry of Communication and Ministry of Education will collaborate to support the innovative integration of Web2.0 and Open Educational Resources in education. • Knowledge based Economy Project OER educational policies (recommendations in 2007) • OER and OEP: The activities in the KEP project have led the schools towards a shift in focus from the resources themselves towards the practices associated with the creation, use and management of OER: that is, open educational practices (OEP).
  13. 13. Regional and institutional OER initiatives Related to FLOSS (Free / Libre / Open Source Software) • Groups • Conferences/Events • Courses / Trainings / Research • Linux distributions and Open Source projects development Related to OER, OEP and Open Content/Access Courses / Trainings / Programs Open Content / Open Access / Communities for OER and OEP Studies
  14. 14. Open Educational Resources / Practices (1) - A Romanian Coalition for Open Educational Resources was created in October 2013, gathering persons or organizations that support and promote the concepts of open access and OER http://www.acces- - Projects and sites that offer information/workshops about copyright issues, open licenses and OER: Open Educational Resources Policy in Europe,, htt p://acces-deschis, http://copy-,, - Different products developed under CC licenses - Digital resources on the KEP portal created by teachers and pupils in the pre-university system, by using different Web2.0 technologies, guide “OER for different disciplines” - KEP launched two guides in 2012, having as central topics the OER and collaborative technologies (Web2.0) in education: "Integration of new technologies in education" and "Using ICT for educational activities" - Open journals related to open education are, http://www.el - Open materials and discussions around them:,, http:/ /e-,,
  15. 15. Open Educational Resources / Practices (2) - Projects under CC licenses for Informal Learning / Serendipity: Romanian Encyclopedia , Veioza Arte - a video sharing platform acting as an open source production house for the Romanian cultural scene, Local Records are collections of audio products, Brașov Creative Commons Film Festival - City Projects - community proposing/working on software projects for local communities/ smart cities, based on open data - Most of the national projects related to OER are designed / implemented for the pre-university level, while in academia they are implemented by a universities or a group of universities - Teachers trained in KEP, Didatec project ( ) received certificates, acknowledging also their skills in using/creating OER (Andone and Vasiu, 2011) - Training/courses related to open educational pedagogies are offered by Moodle Romania, Didatec, iTeach, Sloop2desc, ActiveWatch Media Monitoring, UPT Technology Enhanced Learning hosted by, - links at _OER_initiatives - Proposals for MOOCs: at university level: Credis Bucuresti with TICE-Online (http://www.unibuc-, a MOOC platform based on Google Apps), Romanian Technical MOOC Platform (Andone and Vasiu, 2014), UVVG partnership with FEDE, and a MOOC for LLL developed on a microblogging platform (Holotescu, Cretu and Grosseck, 2013)
  16. 16. Strengths in Romanian OER initiatives Romania is active in the OER movement: • trainings/courses related to OER and OEP organized for both pre- university and university sectors • proposals at governamental level, more for pre-university –not yet in formal politics. • national events related to open resources produced by pre-university teachers; national guides were published also • directories with open resources more numerous for pre-university level • strong communities/events for open source, open access, open data, open licences • MOOC projects in development - at university level: Credis, UPT (Andone, 2014) and for continuing education: (Holotescu et al., 2013).
  17. 17. From POERUP elevator pitch: 26 countries in 26 minutes, slide 11
  18. 18. Recommendations (1) • The educational content which already exists, mainly in AeL/SEI, should be used more intensive by teachers and students: connections with curricula, the skills they develop should be more clear; encourage and support the sharing of best practices; should be licenced under CC (*) • Create a repository with the educational projects in which Romanian schools, universities and educational organizations have participated, under CC licencies (*) • Public outputs from European Commission programs should be made open, for example using Creative Commons licenses (**) • Collaborations between schools and universities in regards to OER projects (**) (*) from Recommendations 2007
  19. 19. Recommendations (2) • Partnership of Ministry of Education with publishers, broadcasters, libraries, cultu ral institutions to provide open access to their own resources (*) • All teachers training programmes should contain topics related to OER, new licenses and tools to create educational materials in a collaborative manner (*) • Encourage a competitive market for educational resources production, guarantee transparency of supply and equal opportunities to market actors; Define a set of quality criteria (*) • Budgets for digital education should include money for developing and maintaining OER (**) • OER should be allowed on approved materials lists (**) • Encourage Europe-wide validation of learning acquired online (not only via (*) from Recommendations 2007 (**) from POERUP 2014
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention! Gabriela Grosseck University of the West Carmen Holotescu Politehnica University Timisoara, Romania Twitter: @cami13