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Strategies for opening up education in European
universities
Diana Andone
University Politehnica Timisoara, Romania
Gabrie...
Open education is a mode of
realising education enabled by digital
technologies aiming to widen access
and participation t...
„ICT tools, Open Educational
Resources, and open practices
allow for an increase in the
effectiveness of education,
allowi...
OER Definition
[…] „the open provision of
educational resources,
enabled by information and
communication
technologies, fo...
unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605e.pdf
What are OERs? Open Educational Resources
„are any type of educational
m...
Survey filled in by a focus group in
each university
Open education at National Level
University Level
1. Strategy for ope...
OER/OEP Initiatives in Romania
educatiedeschisa.ro
poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania
CCR was launched in
September 2, 2008, with
the help of ApTI
(The Association for
Technology and Internet)
http://ro.creat...
National OER initiatives
1. Knowledge based Economy Project (2005-2013)
• OER educational policies (recommendations in 200...
Regional and institutional OER initiatives
Related to FLOSS (Free / Libre / Open
Source Software):
• Groups
• Conferences/...
Open Educational Resources / Practices (1)
- "OER Awareness Activities for Librarians and
Academics in Romania", funded by...
- Teachers training in KEP, Didatec project
(http://ctmtc.utcluj.ro/sites/didatec_ )
received certificates, acknowledging ...
Projects related to MOOCs
- UniCampus unicampus.ro: Started in April 2014
under the initiative of University Politehnica
T...
Strengths in Romanian OER initiatives
Romania is active in the OER movement:
• trainings/courses related to OER and OEP or...
From POERUP elevator pitch (march 2013): 26 countries in 26 minutes, slide 11
http://www.slideshare.net/witthaus/poerup-el...
Blending MOOCs in university courses - EdX
„We are taking what we are learning and the technologies we are developing in
t...
Variants of blending MOOCs in university courses
Web Programming, 2013-14/2014-15, III CTI – UPT
Multimedia, 2015-16, II TI – Ioan Slavici University
Mobile learning features
• Allow students to become familiar (aware) with the MOOC phenomenon and
trends:
•the most import...
Steps for MOOCs Integration
• 1.MOOCs discovery and selection - #mooc:
•openeducationeuropa.eu
•mooc-list.com
•futurelearn...
A Model for MOOCs Integration
- For teachers:
- new skills and tasks:
- complex course design/management
- OERs and MOOCs curation
- evaluation of distr...
Thank you!
Carmen Holotescu
Twitter: @cami13
tinyurl.com/cholotescu
This work was partially supported by a grant of the Ro...
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Strategies for opening up education in European universities

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eLSE 2016

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Strategies for opening up education in European universities

  1. 1. Strategies for opening up education in European universities Diana Andone University Politehnica Timisoara, Romania Gabriela Grosseck West University of Timisoara, Romania Carmen Holotescu „Ioan Slavici” University of Timisoara, Romania Malinka Ivanova Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria Antoanela Naaji “Vasile Goldis” Western University of Arad, Romania Monica Pătruț University "Vasile Alecsandri" of Bacau, Romania Maria Perifanou University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece Workshop OERs and MOOCs – eLSE Conference April 21, 2016, Bucharest Romania
  2. 2. Open education is a mode of realising education enabled by digital technologies aiming to widen access and participation to everyone. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge, as well as a variety of access routes to formal and non- formal education, bridging them. Source: OpenEdu IPTS, 2015 – work in progress is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/EAP/OpenEdu.html slideshare.net/inamor/opening-up-higher-education-in-europe- 56009940 Open Education Definition Core Dimensions access content pedagogy collaboration recognition research Transversal Dimensions technology strategy quality leadership
  3. 3. „ICT tools, Open Educational Resources, and open practices allow for an increase in the effectiveness of education, allowing for more personalised learning, a better learning experience. Ultimately, opening up education may lead to a situation where all individuals may learn anytime, anywhere, with the support of anyone, using any device.” Open Education Europa Opening up education through new technologies Initiative openeducationeuropa.eu ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/education- technology_en.htm (Sept 2013)
  4. 4. OER Definition […] „the open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes.” unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources UNESCO (2002)
  5. 5. unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605e.pdf What are OERs? Open Educational Resources „are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation.” Big and Little OERs (Weller, 2010)
  6. 6. Survey filled in by a focus group in each university Open education at National Level University Level 1. Strategy for open education 2. Department responsible for implementation 3. Teacher training 4. Support for online/blended courses 4. OER and MOOC integration in courses 5. Repositories for OER 6. MOOCs production and recognition 7. University activity on SM networks 8. Best cases.
  7. 7. OER/OEP Initiatives in Romania educatiedeschisa.ro poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania
  8. 8. CCR was launched in September 2, 2008, with the help of ApTI (The Association for Technology and Internet) http://ro.creativecommons.org/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ro/ http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Romania
  9. 9. National OER initiatives 1. Knowledge based Economy Project (2005-2013) • OER educational policies (recommendations in 2007) • OE Resources and Practices: The activities in the KEP project have led the schools towards a shift in focus from the resources themselves towards the practices associated with the creation, use and management of OER: that is, open educational practices (OEP). 2. OER in the Government Programme • Previous Government Programme for 2013-2016 (Dec 2012): Ministry of Ministry for Information Society and Ministry of Education to collaborate in supporting the innovative integration of Web2.0 and OER in education; • National Strategy on Digital Agenda for Romania 2020 (Feb 2015): Strategic Lines of Development for ICT in Education: using OER and Web 2.0 in formal and LLL education 3. Romanian Coalition for OER Launced in October 2013, gathering persons and organizations that support and promote the concepts of open access and OER - educatiedeschisa.ro; guides/workshops; organized 3 National Conferences for Open Education in 2014-6; four proposals for open education for the new government inovarepublica.ro/educatie-deschisa- romania/
  10. 10. Regional and institutional OER initiatives Related to FLOSS (Free / Libre / Open Source Software): • Groups • Conferences/Events • Courses / Trainings / Research • Linux distributions and Open Source projects development Related to OER, OEP and Open Content/Access: • Courses / Trainings / Programs • Open Content / Open Access / Communities for OER and OEP • Studies
  11. 11. Open Educational Resources / Practices (1) - "OER Awareness Activities for Librarians and Academics in Romania", funded by CC Affiliate Project, implemented in 2013-2014 by ApTI Association for Technology and Internet, Soros Foundation Romania and National Association of Libraries and Librarians in Romania: workshops/events related to OER/MOOC, two guides - Projects and sites that offer information/workshops about copyright issues, open licenses and OER: Open Educational Resources Policy in Europe http://oerpolicy.eu/?s=romania, http://kosson.ro, http://acces-deschis, http://oerup.eu, http://copy-me.org, http://www.ordu.ro, http://dreptuldeautor.noisieu.ro/creative- commons , http://culturaineducatie.ro - Different products developed under CC licenses http://ro.creativecommons.org - Digital resources on the KEP portal created by teachers and pupils in the pre-university system, by using different Web2.0 technologies, guide “OER for different disciplines” http://tinyurl.com/KEPOERguide - KEP launched two guides in 2012, having as central topics the OER and collaborative technologies (Web2.0) in education: "Integration of new technologies in education" and "Using ICT for educational activities" - Open journals related to open education are http://iteach.ro/experientedidactice, http://www.elearning.ro - Open materials and discussions around them: http://forum.portal.edu.ro, http://didactic.ro, http://e-scoala.ro, http://www.dascali.ro, http://educatie.inmures.ro
  12. 12. - Teachers training in KEP, Didatec project (http://ctmtc.utcluj.ro/sites/didatec_ ) received certificates, acknowledging also their skills in using/creating OER - Training/courses related to open educational pedagogies are offered by Moodle Romania, Didatec, iTeach, Sloop2desc, ActiveWatch Media Monitoring, UPT Technology Enhanced Learning hosted by Cirip.eu, Compendiu.ro - links at http://poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania#Re gional_OER_initiatives - Projects under CC licenses for Informal Learning / Serendipity: Romanian Encyclopedia http://enciclopediaromaniei.ro , Veioza Arte http://veiozaarte.ro - a video sharing platform acting as an open source production house for the Romanian cultural scene, Local Records http://www.localrec.ro are collections of audio products, Brașov Creative Commons Film Festival http://bvccfilmfest.tumblr.com - City Projects http://cityprojects.ro - community proposing/working on software projects for local communities/ smart cities, based on open data - Most of the national projects related to OER are designed / implemented for the pre- university level, while in academia they are implemented by a single university or a group of universities Open Educational Resources / Practices (2)
  13. 13. Projects related to MOOCs - UniCampus unicampus.ro: Started in April 2014 under the initiative of University Politehnica Timisoara and Association of Technical Universities from Romania (rouni.ro ); will offer cMOOCs on a platform based on Moodle; - NOVAMOOC novamooc.uvt.ro: Development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education, West University Timisoara (2015-17); - MOOC.ro mooc.ro: Developed by Moodle.ro, currently offers a MOOC about Moodle courses ; - UniBuc Virtual unibuc-virtual.net: Credis, Department of Distance Learning of University of Bucharest, offered 3 MOOCs for Teachers Training on a platform based on Google Apps; - University "Vasile Goldis" Arad will offer MOOCs in partnership with Fédération Européenne des Écoles; - University „Babes Bolyai” Cluj Napoca – eLIADA eliada.ubbcluj.ro/proiect - materials for 4 MOOCs; - Studies, PhD thesis – search MOOC Romania on GS; - MOOCs on Udemy – ONG Management, Association Young Initiative udemy.com/management-ong; - Experiments for integrating MOOCs in blended academic courses can be found at University Politehnica Timisoara (Web Programming and Instructional Technologies courses), University Ioan Slavici Timisoara (Multimedia course); - Critical Thinking MOOC was developed and run in 2014 by Maastricht School of Management Romania on Iversity (msmromania.org/content/msmro-produces- first-mooc-eastern-europe); - eStudent.ro – vlogging platform for courses; - Workshops (eLSE) and national conferences related to opening education organized by the Romanian Coalition for OER. - Check also: - Opening Up Education in Romania” scribd.com/doc/264227758/Opening-up-education-in-Romania - OER in Romania - poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania
  14. 14. Strengths in Romanian OER initiatives Romania is active in the OER movement: • trainings/courses related to OER and OEP organized for both pre- university and university sectors • formal documents at governamental level related to OER and Web2.0 • national events related to open resources produced by pre-university teachers; national guides were published too • directories with open resources (more numerous for pre-university level) • projects in development for MOOCs at university level and for continuing education • strong communities/events for open source, open access, open data, open licences.
  15. 15. From POERUP elevator pitch (march 2013): 26 countries in 26 minutes, slide 11 http://www.slideshare.net/witthaus/poerup-elevator-pitch
  16. 16. Blending MOOCs in university courses - EdX „We are taking what we are learning and the technologies we are developing in the large and applying them in the small to create a blended model of education to really reinvent and reimagine the classroom.” We need to go from lectures on the blackboard to online exercises, online videos. We have to go to interactive virtual laboratories and gamification. To go to completely online grading and peer interaction and discussion boards. Everything really has to change.” Anant Agarwal, 2013. Why massive open online courses (still) matter. A TED presentation, ted.com/talks/anant_agarwal_why_massively_open_online_courses_still_matter.html
  17. 17. Variants of blending MOOCs in university courses
  18. 18. Web Programming, 2013-14/2014-15, III CTI – UPT Multimedia, 2015-16, II TI – Ioan Slavici University
  19. 19. Mobile learning features • Allow students to become familiar (aware) with the MOOC phenomenon and trends: •the most important players/platforms/offers, types of learning, interaction and specific pedagogies •to be able to search and evaluate useful and quality MOOCs; • To enlarge knowledge/topics of the course: to obtain an auxiliary support for students’ group project development; for personal/professional development • Allow students to have concrete views, opinions and proposals on MOOCs and to critically evaluate their usefulness for personal development and for different ways of integration in formal higher education courses. Aims of integrating MOOCs
  20. 20. Steps for MOOCs Integration • 1.MOOCs discovery and selection - #mooc: •openeducationeuropa.eu •mooc-list.com •futurelearn.com •class-central.com • 2.Participation in MOOCs –requirement: at least 10%/50% of the activities • 3.Learning Experience as Digital Story • 4.MOOCs participation evaluation
  21. 21. A Model for MOOCs Integration
  22. 22. - For teachers: - new skills and tasks: - complex course design/management - OERs and MOOCs curation - evaluation of distributed/collaborative activities of students, - facilitation of the local learning community and nurture of its integration in the global communities of MOOCs - improving knowledge in their own area of expertise - improving their competencies/skills for adopting new models of OEP - For students: - autonomy in assessing their own learning needs for choosing the MOOCs in which to participate - exposing to: - high quality materials created with top educational technologies - collaboration in global learning communities - a broader range of experiences Benefits/Challenges of MOOCs integration in blended courses/flipped classrooms make xMOOCs more close to cMOOCs
  23. 23. Thank you! Carmen Holotescu Twitter: @cami13 tinyurl.com/cholotescu This work was partially supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS – UEFISCDI, project number PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-2040: NOVAMOOC – Development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education.

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