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MOOC Initiatives in Romania

Presentation for OEW 2017

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MOOC Initiatives in Romania

  1. 1. MOOC initiatives in Romania Carmen Holotescu „Ioan Slavici” University of Timisoara, Romania Workshop "Open Education from theory to practice. OERs and MOOCs experiences“ March 31, 2017 - Timisoara Romania
  2. 2. Contents 1. Open Education 2. OERs and MOOCs 3. Romanian MOOC Initiatives 4. Drivers and Barriers 5. Conclusions and Invitation
  3. 3. Open Education Definition Core and Transversal Dimensions Open education is a mode of realising education, enabled by digital technologies aiming to widen access and participation to everyone. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge, as well as a variety of access routes to formal and non- formal education, bridging them. Open education means access to content, courses, support, assessment and certification in ways that are flexible, and accommodate diverse needs. Barriers, as regards for example entry or cost, are reduced or eliminated. Source: OpenEdu JRC IPTS Report “Opening up Education: a support framework for HE institutions”, 2016
  4. 4. „ICT tools, Open Educational Resources (OERs), and open educational practices (OEPs) allow for an increase in the effectiveness of education, allowing for more personalised learning, a better learning experience. Ultimately, opening up education may lead to a situation where all individuals may learn anytime, anywhere, with the support of anyone, using any device.” Open Education Europa Opening up education through new technologies Initiative technology_en.htm (Sept 2013)
  5. 5. OER Definition […] „the open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes.” UNESCO (2002)
  6. 6. What are OERs? Open Educational Resources „are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation.” Big and Little OERs (Weller, 2010) Massive OERs = OpenMOOCs (ECO Project, OE Consortium + EdX)
  7. 7. 2008 - 1st cMOOC: George Siemens and Stephen Downes co-taught “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge” - 25 tuition-paying students at the University of Manitoba, Canada plus ~2300 participants worldwide.
  8. 8. MOOC platforms and directories Adapted from In May 2015 - the largest MOOC ever: 440,000 participants in English Language Learning MOOC
  9. 9. Higher Education Online: MOOCs the European way Fostering international Higher Education collaboration though ICT and open education The European Multiple MOOC Aggregator The European Association of Distance Teaching Universities Adapted from European Projects related to MOOCs “MOOCs are online courses designed for large numbers of participants (>148, Dunbar number), that can be accessed by anyone anywhere as long as they have an internet connection, are open to everyone without entry qualifications, and offer a full/complete course experience online for free”. _MOOC_strategies_in_Europe.pdf
  10. 10.
  11. 11. OE Initiatives in Romania
  12. 12. CCR was launched in September 2, 2008, with the help of ApTI (The Association for Technology and Internet)
  13. 13. National OE initiatives 1. Knowledge based Economy Project (2005-2013) • OER educational policies (recommendations in 2007) • OE Resources and Practices: in the schools participating in the project 2. OER in the Government Programme • National Strategy on Digital Agenda for Romania 2020 (Feb 2015): Strategic Lines of Development for ICT in Education: using OER and Web 2.0 in formal and LLL education - (ro); • Implement an e-learning platform and online repositories - • Digital textbooks -; don’t use open licences / format 3. Romanian Coalition for OER Launced in October 2013, gathering persons and organizations that support and promote the concepts of open access and OER -; guides/workshops; organized 3 National Conferences for Open Education in 2014-6; four proposals for open education for the government romania/; OER repository was planned (spring 2016), proposal renewed for OUG (Nov 2016) 4. The Educated Romania (2016-2018) Project of the Romanian Presidency; a broad public debate on education and research for a set clear policies
  14. 14. MOOC platforms - UniCampus started in April 2014 under the initiative of Politehnica University of Timisoara and Association of Technical Universities from Romania ( ); offers cMOOCs on a platform based on Moodle; - NOVAMOOC development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education, West University Timisoara (2015-17); - developed by, currently offers 2 MOOCs about Moodle and Articulate; - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff, seldom the policy makers and managers of the institutions; - companies and associations; - eStudent MOOCs on psychology, communication, business, geography and Romanian language (APIO, CTRL-D, experts); - Startarium platform nurturing an entrepreneurship ecosystem; a group of organizations and experts offer MOOCs, mentoring and crowdfunding for around 8,000 potential entrepreneurs who design and develop their start-up plans using the platform features; - MOOCs for students and teachers, for companies/start-ups
  15. 15. MOOC projects - UniBuc Virtual Credis, Department of Distance Learning of University of Bucharest, offered 3 MOOCs for Teachers Training on a platform based on Google Apps; - University "Vasile Goldis" Arad plans to offer MOOCs in partnership with Fédération Européenne des Écoles; - University „Babes Bolyai” Cluj Napoca – eLIADA - materials for 4 MOOCs; - MOOCs on Udemy – NGO Management, Association Young Initiative; - Critical Thinking MOOC was developed and run in 2014 by Maastricht School of Management Romania on Iversity ( produces-first-mooc-eastern-europe); - MOOC in medical education – Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation –; - MOOCBuddy – the 1st Messenger chatbot for MOOCs -; - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff, seldom the policy makers and managers of the institutions - NGOs;
  16. 16. MOOC integration in formal education - For the next future: - Virtual mobilities through MOOCs; - Pilot for credit transfer system allowing students’ participation in MOOCs to count towards their degrees; at this moment for some courses the participation in MOOCs can contribute to the activity/project mark; - Developing MOOCs together with companies assuring a better integration in the labour market. - MOOCs integration in blended academic courses at Politehnica University of Timisoara (Web Programming, Instructional Technologies, Embedded Systems courses), University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara (Multimedia, OOP and Parallel Algorithms courses); - MOOC accreditation at UPT - Digital Marketing - - Teacher continuing professional development using MOOCS at University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara - participation in MOOCs related to OE, but also to topics of taught courses and research directions; - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff; - policy makers and managers of the institutions;
  17. 17. Variants of blending MOOCs in university courses from Carmen Holotescu, Gabriela Grosseck, Vladimir-Ioan Cretu, Antoanela Naaji. (2014). Integrating MOOCs in Blended Courses. 10th International Scientific Conference eLearning and Software for Education, Bucharest, Romania –
  18. 18. - For teachers: - new skills and tasks: - complex course design/management - OERs and MOOCs curation - evaluation of distributed/collaborative activities of students, - facilitation of the local learning community and nurture of its integration in the global communities of MOOCs - improving knowledge in their own area of expertise - improving their competencies/skills for adopting new models of OEP - For students: - autonomy in assessing their own learning needs for choosing the MOOCs in which to participate - exposing to: - high quality materials created with top educational technologies - collaboration in global learning communities - a broader range of experiences Benefits/Challenges of MOOCs integration in blended courses/flipped classrooms make xMOOCs more close to cMOOCs
  19. 19. MOOC events and studies - Studies, PhD thesis - search MOOC Romania on GS; - Check also: - Opening Up Education in Romania” education-in-Romania - OER in Romania - - Workshops (OEW) and national / international conferences (Open Education / eLSE, SMART) related to open education and MOOCs organized by members of the Romanian Coalition for OER
  20. 20. Strengths in Romanian OE initiatives Romania is active in the OE movement: • trainings/courses related to OER and OEP organized for both pre- university and university sectors • (formal documents at governamental level related to OER and Web2.0) • national events related to open resources produced by pre-university teachers; national guides were published too • directories with open resources (more numerous for pre-university level) • projects in development for MOOCs at university level and for continuing education • strong communities/events for open source, open access, open data, open licences.
  21. 21. Barriers in the OERs/MOOCs development and adoption • rigid policies in formal education related to curricular systems and assessment practices; • the lack of possibility to officially accredit online courses, in spite of an impressive number of projects related to online courses in the last 15 years, and of the policy proposals coming from different organizations. Such courses can only be used in a blended approach in formal education; • the lack of strategies at national level related to MOOCs in formal and continuing education; • teachers lack of time and interest to explore, understand, evaluate and use new technologies, OERs and MOOCs in teaching-learning process; • a reduced number of training programs for adopting open educational practices; • lack of incentives, official recognition and promotion for teachers implementing open educational practices.
  22. 22. • Does your institution have an open education strategy? If so, what is it? If not, why is this so? • How do the OE dimensions fit your existing/future open education scenarios? • How do you integrate OER/MOOC in your teaching and learning practices? OEE Good Practices - ~200 scenarios, top locations: Greece, Romania, Spain, UK, Lithuania, Italy (WaybackMachine) OpenCases: catalogue of mini cases on OE in Europe cases-open-education-europe Open questions: OE Core Dimensions access content pedagogy collaboration recognition research OE Transversal Dimensions technology strategy quality leadership
  23. 23. Thank you! Carmen Holotescu Twitter: @cami13 Invitation Romanian Coalition for OER - SMART Conferences (5th edition in 2017) – eLSE Workshops on Open Education (4th edition - 27-28 April, 2017, Bucharest) – This work was supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS – UEFISCDI, project number PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-2040: NOVAMOOC – Development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education.