Results of the UK Cred-ability Questionnaire

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Results of the UK Cred-ability Questionnaire

  1. 1. 05/07/13 1UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 “The primary purpose of penal establishments is to provide secure and humane containment for people who are in custody. Within this purpose, the staff of these establishments endeavour, by a variety of positive means, to help people in their care to rehabilitate themselves in preparation for their release.” GUIDELINES ON THE OPERATION OF EDUCATION, VOCATIONAL TRAINING AND LIBRARY SERVICES IN PRISONS AND YOUNG OFFENDER CENTRES IN NORTHERN IRELAND, July 1985
  2. 2. Dr Alan Clarke 2 Undertaken as part of the Art & Culture in Prison European project PREVIOUS RESEARCH ON ARTS IN UK PRISONS Prisons = 50+ Arts groups = 11
  3. 3. Dr Alan Clarke 3 Most prisons offer some arts activities, both regularly & one-off Education is the main supporter of arts activities There are a surprising proportion of dedicated arts spaces Charities provide a substantial part of the funding support The rationale for arts activities tends to be equally divided between creative and educational Negative media reaction is a major restricting factor STATISTICAL INFORMATION External arts groups are an important factor in delivering arts in prisons
  4. 4. Dr Alan Clarke 4 ART-FORMS THEATRE/ DRAMA Tends to be offered as one-off activity by outside groups MUSIC Music is a major offering in most prisons, both as regular & one-off activities DANCE Very little dance offered & then only as an occasional one-off ativity VISUAL ARTS Offered in a range of forms in most prisons, particularly as an ongoing activity MULTIMEDIA Surprisingly regular offering in many prisons, possibly through the emphasis on ICT as a basic skill WRITING Encouraged in many prisons, both as ongoing activity & through engaging writers- in-residence OTHER Mainly crafts or environmentally orientated
  5. 5. Dr Alan Clarke 5 Combined arts projects, involving different areas of the prison, are extremely effective Arts are a very effective way of delivering key skills in a prison context Arts projects involving the wider public can help bring about a positive change in their perceptions about offenders Arts projects involving external community organisations can provide a positive stimulus to prisoners Collaborations between the prison and outside arts organisations can achieve really positive outcomes GOOD PRACTICE
  6. 6. 05/07/13 6UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 RESULTS OF UK RESEARCH INTO ARTISTS’ RESPONSES TO WORKING IN PRISONS Organised by Arts Professional for the CRED-ability project www.cred-ability.eu Presentation by Dr Alan Clarke International Consultant for The College of Teachers
  7. 7. 05/07/13 7UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 “I think everyone deserves a chance to express themselves. I think art is a human being's innate method of expression.” Visual artist
  8. 8. 05/07/13 8UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS = 50 responses ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS = 30 responses CURRENTLY WITH AN ORGANISATION 23 22
  9. 9. 05/07/13 9UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Theatre practitioner “The arts are a great way to re-engage people in positive activity … provide an opportunity to articulate the often inarticulable, re-write personal narrative and build trust and confidence in self and others.”
  10. 10. 05/07/13 10UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 19-24 years old 25-34 years old AGE-RANGE 35-44 years old 45-54 years old 55-64 years old ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS [50] ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS [30] 5 18 13 17 5 1 9 6 11 4
  11. 11. 05/07/13 11UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Writer and arts therapist “The arts, facilitated by a knowledgeable practitioner, who can give undue positive regard, and exhibit empathy and honesty, can enable such clients to explore their feelings, from a safe distance, at their own pace, in their own language. This can enable them to integrate the shadow aspects, and feelings of their nature, instead of repressing them, leading to a more whole and balanced person.”
  12. 12. 05/07/13 12UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 5 MAIN ART-FORMS Drama/theatre Music Dance Visual arts Multimedia Literature Other8, including circus, sculpture & sound ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS [50] ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS [30] 2 0 37 0 1 14 1 1 6 0 6 4, including leather craft, museum objects
  13. 13. 05/07/13 13UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Visual artist Madelaine Smith, theatre pracitioner “I want to let the offenders know that although they made mistakes, that doesn't mean that they are no good and can't change. I think the artwork could also let them know that they are not alone.”
  14. 14. 05/07/13 14UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 PRISON CATEGORIES Male Female Juvenile Long-term Other ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS [50] ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS [30] 26 39 34 22 3 8 8 10 9 1 PREFERRED WORKED IN
  15. 15. 05/07/13 15UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 “I had direct experience of the criminal justice system as a teen, including a period of incarceration and as clichéd as it sounds the opportunity to engage with the arts was the beginning of the creation of a new story for myself. …The arts can easily absorb all perjorative labels including 'offender' or 'mental' and that is why I want to work in prison so that I may facilitate that process for another. Creating a space where it is possible to begin forming a new life-affirming identity, and also to begin the process to owning their story/history through creative exploration and catharsis.” Expressive sound artist
  16. 16. 05/07/13 16UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Yes = 34 PREVIOUS SOCIAL ARTS EXPERIENCE? No = 9 ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS [50] PREVIOUS TRAINING FOR PRISON WORK? Yes = 9 No = 30 WOULD LIKE FURTHER TRAINING? Yes = 38 Don’t know = 2 No = 0
  17. 17. 05/07/13 17UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 3-5 years = 2 Yes = 17 5-10 years = 6 < 1 Year = 9 1-3 years = 9 No = 6 10 years + = 6 ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS [30] LENGTH OF TIME WORKED IN PRISON? PREPARATION SUFFICIENT? Don’t know = 5 WOULD LIKE FURTHER TRAINING? Yes = 19 No = 4 Don’t know = 6 EXPECTATIONS MET? Yes = 23 No = 2 Don’t know = 7
  18. 18. 05/07/13 18UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Community visual artist “… working on the inside to inform practice on the outside …”
  19. 19. 05/07/13 19UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 7 PREFERRED TRAINERS Prison system Arts organisations Other artists Educational bodies Funders Other s ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS [50] ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS [30] 32 32 26 13 32 17 12 14 6 4 2
  20. 20. 05/07/13 20UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Yes = 25 9 ENTRY LEVEL OF TRAINING LEVEL 4 LEVEL 3 LEVEL 5 LEVEL 6 Don’t know = 7 ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS [50] ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS [30] ACCREDITATION? OTHER 10 5 10 4 No = 6 4 3 4 8 7 Yes = 6 No = 11 Don’t know = 11
  21. 21. 05/07/13 21UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 18 PREFERRED TEACHING METHODS Online facilities Classroom teaching Other Hands-on workshops Video tutorials Printed material Mobile technology ARTISTS WHO WOULD LIKE TO WORK IN PRISONS [50] ARTISTS WORKING/ HAVE WORKED IN PRISONS [30] 18 37 11 6 21 1 16 10 26 7 4 16 3
  22. 22. 05/07/13 UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 22 “Never forget that once you are inside a jail you are in the world operated and dominated and controlled by officers; it's their world and no matter how infuriating or annoying you find the way the officers have organized this world, you have to obey its rules: this means you have to bend, you have to go with the flow, you have to work with the officers and their rules. Never use force: always use charm. Prisoners are far easier to deal with but then they need you so they would be.” Carlo Gébler Irish writer
  23. 23. 05/07/13 23UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Prison Arts Foundation Tell Me a Tale Corleon The Fitzwilliam Museum University of Cambridge Superact C.I.C HMP Highpoint Clean Break Theatre Nemo Citizens Theatre Motherwell College Wetherby HMYOI UK RESEARCH RESULTS ON THE RESPONSES FROM ORGANISATIONS WORKING INSIDE PRISONS 11 responses NORTHERN IRELAND SCOTLAND ENGLAND
  24. 24. 05/07/13 24UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MAIN ART-FORMS Drama/theatre = 5 Music = 3 Dance = 0 Visual arts = 1 Multimedia = 0 Literature = 0 Other = 2
  25. 25. 05/07/13 25UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 PRISON CATEGORIES WORKED IN Male = 8 Female = 8 Juvenile = 10 Long-term = 9 Other = 1 1- 3 years = 0 5–10 years = 4 3-5 years = 1 10 years + = 4 FOR HOW LONG? Drama/theatre = 5 IN WHICH ART-FORMS Music = 5 Dance = 0 Visual arts = 4 Multimedia = 2 Literature = 2 Other = 3
  26. 26. 05/07/13 26UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 DO YOU EMPLOY ARTISTS? Yes = 8 Yes = 2 No = 2 Don’t know = 3 No = 2 IS TRAINING NECESSARY? Yes = 4 IS THE TRAINING SUFFICIENT? No = 5 Yes = 7 No = 0 Don’t know = 1 DO YOU PROVIDE TRAINING?
  27. 27. 05/07/13 27UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 Yes = 7 ENTRY LEVEL OF TRAINING LEVEL 4 = 2LEVEL 3 = 2 LEVEL 5 = 1 LEVEL 6 = 0 ACCREDITATION? OTHER = 0 No = 0Don’t know = 1
  28. 28. 05/07/13 UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 28 “Prisons are reservoirs of grief: the griefs are the prisoners' and there is never a big enough receptacle (reservoir) to hold their grief: it over flows and its soaks everything it touches including artists working with prisoners: sometimes there is so much grief one feels one might drown in it: however, one's job in a prison, above and beyond the artistic practice one is involved with promulgating , is to be a human being, to engage with the grief and to do everything in one's power to stop the prisoner (all prisoners) being drowned by it.” Carlo Gébler Irish writer
  29. 29. 05/07/13 29UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MODULE FRAMEWORK MODULE 1 Preparing to deliver artistic, creative and therapeutic activities in a prison context MODULE 2 Critical thinking related to delivering artistic, creative and therapeutic activities to prisoners MODULE 3 Delivering artistic, creative and therapeutic activities to prisoners
  30. 30. 05/07/13 30UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MODULE FRAMEWORK MODULE 1 1.1 The role & history of prisons within their justice system 1.2 The history of artistic, creative & therapeutic activities in prison: nationally & internationally 1.3 The ethics & impact of creating art with prisoners Preparing to deliver artistic, creative and therapeutic activities in a prison context
  31. 31. 05/07/13 31UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MODULE FRAMEWORK MODULE 1 Preparing to deliver art in prison 1.4 The rationale & justification for delivering artistic, creative & therapeutic activities to prisoners 1.5 The specific conditions/problems of working in prisons & organising artistic, creative & therapeutic interventions with prisoners 1.6 The skills needed to deliver artistic, creative & therapeutic activities with prisoners, including creating & presenting art-form products
  32. 32. 05/07/13 32UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MODULE FRAMEWORK MODULE 2 2.1 The learner’s critical position & rationale for working with prisoners 2.2 Identifying where & how the learner’s aims are best placed 2.3 The level of critical thinking to be expected in a prison environment: from the learner, the prison service, the participants, and the obstacles to critical thinking to be faced Critical thinking related to delivering artistic, creative and therapeutic activities to prisoners
  33. 33. 05/07/13 33UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MODULE FRAMEWORK MODULE 2 Critical thinking relating to delivering art to prisoners 2.4 What adopting a critical, reflective daily practice means to deliverers/ teachers/ trainers/ artists, specifically within the context of a prison 2.5 How critical reflective thinking is instilled in the participants in artistic, therapeutic & creative activities in a prison context, including beyond the immediate interventions
  34. 34. 05/07/13 34UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MODULE FRAMEWORK MODULE 3 Delivering artistic, creative and therapeutic activities to prisoners 3.1 identifying the requirements for delivering artistic, creative & therapeutic activities to prisoners inside & outside the prison environment 3.2 Organising & delivering artistic, creative and therapeutic interventions with prisoners
  35. 35. 05/07/13 35UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 MODULE FRAMEWORK MODULE 3 Delivering art to prisoners 3.3 Creating & presenting art-form products with prisoners 3.4 Developing artistic, creative & therapeutic skills with prisoners 3.5 Reflecting on the impact of artistic, creative & therapeutic interventions with prisoners
  36. 36. 05/07/13 UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-530 36 “When it worked, it was great. It was hard to dip in and out of the guys' lives. The work we did required some self-introspection and it was difficult to have enough time to get the guys to that level of openness. And once or twice when they did, it was horrible to have to pack up and send them back to their cells, having just opened up some painful stuff in conversation. More time and a more caring approach from the whole prison system would have made the big difference. It's not just teaching, it's much more than that. “ Nuala McKeever Irish actor & comedienne

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