Importance of Recordings• In 1917, the first records labeled as "Jazz" were recorded. Today, we still listen to songs like the ones recorded back in the early 1900s and learn from them. In Avatar, they listen to the voices of the Navi’s ancestors to learn their history. Recordings of jazz are where we go to get new ideas or see how great artists of the past style their solos to go along with the song. Jazz artists are influenced by these "voices" from the past and show it through their music. This is part of one of the ﬁrst recordings in the history of jazz. It’s called Livery Stable Blues and is written by the Original Dixieland Jass Band.
Tenor Madness• Sonny Rollins recored Tenor Madness in 1956. He called upon a youngster named John Coltrane to play with him. “Coltrane, at the time was fairly unknown. Yet he blew Sonny out of the water!” says expert musician, Zack Pitt-Smith, “It was kind of like a passing of the baton. Coltrane was taking Sonny’s spot in the jazz world.” In this section of Tenor Madness (1956) you hear John Coltrane’s ﬁrst solo on the album.
Maple Leaf Rag• Maple Leaf Rag, by Scott Joplin, was one of the ﬁrst songs recorded to have a jazz feel to it. It was recorded on a pianola cylinder which is also called a player piano. It has levers that allow the performer to control how the song is played, but it’s basically playing itself.
Chimes Blues • Chimes Blues was recorded by King Oliver’s Creole Band. But the important thing about it was that it featured jazz’s ﬁrst improviser, Louis Armstrong, on the cornet playing his ﬁrst recorded solo ever. And it’s because of recordings that we can still hear the beginnings of Louis’ impact on jazz.This bit of Chimes Blues contains Armstrong’s ﬁrst solo.
Jazz At Massey Hall• On May 15, 1953, “The Quintet” (Charlie Parker, Charles Mingus, Max Roach, Dizzy Gillespie, And Bud Powell) performed a concert at Massey Hall in Toronto. Mingus and Roach’s record label recorded the whole thing. It is still talked about by artists today and is regarded as “The Greatest Jazz Concert of All Time.” Here, you are listening to part of Dizzy Gillespie’s A Night in Tunisia
Autumn Leaves• Cannonball Adderley was an exceptional alto saxophonist. He was adored by Miles Davis so much that Davis mad an extremely rare appearance as a guest artist on Adderley’s 1958 album, Somthin’ Else. Hearing Davis in a band besides his own taught other younger artists a lot because for the ﬁrst time they were hearing Miles Davis with a normal rhythm section, not his extremely talented rhythm section. In this section of autumn leaves you hear part of miles Davis’s solo.