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Spanish-American War & Diplomacy


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Spanish-American War
Diplomacy: Big Stick, Dollar, Moral
Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson
Monroe Doctrine, Roosevelt Corollary
Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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Spanish-American War & Diplomacy

  1. 1. Spanish American War USII.4a FCPS DRAFT 2004 - Sources cited in the notes section
  2. 2. What we’re going to do today By the end of class, you will be able to By the end of class, you will be able to explain the reasons for the Spanish explain the reasons for the Spanish American War and the results of this conflict American War and the results of this conflict Agenda: – Warm Up – Cornell Notes – Road Map to War
  3. 3. Stay separate/out of other Isolationism nation’s business. Neutral Strong pride in or devotion Nationalism to your OWN country, often excessive Complete control of a weaker/newer nation’s Imperialism social, economic, political life by a stronger nation
  4. 4. Expansionism or Imperialism Territory How? Why? Louisiana Purchased from France for $15 million Land & Exploration: All water route to the ocean Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Land & Gold Alaska Purchased from Russia: $7.2 million Gold Hawaii Uprising Sugar Cane Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico Spanish American War Sugar Cane & Rubber in Cuba
  5. 5. Explain or describe this cartoon
  6. 6. 1. What is missing from the man’s belt and how was it labeled? 2. What was the label on the man’s hat?
  7. 7. The U.S. emerged as a world power as a result of victory over Spain in the SpanishAmerican War
  8. 8. Economic interests and public opinion often influenced U.S. involvement in international affairs
  9. 9. Causes or Reasons
  10. 10. 1. Protection of American business interests or economic interest in Cuba
  11. 11. Rubber Rubber Sugar Cane Sugar Cane
  12. 12. 2. American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain From: Liberty: The Story of Cuba by Horatio S. Rubens;
  13. 13. 3. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in the Havana Harbor of Cuba
  14. 14. 4. Yellow Journalism
  15. 15. What was Yellow Journalism? Exciting but untrue stories printed by a newspaper to attract more readers and sell more newspapers
  16. 16. Symbol of Yellow Journalism
  17. 17. Explain or describe this cartoon War has Been Declared by Charles L. (Bart) Bartholomew, Minneapolis Journal, Feb. 25, 1898 - Cannon balls labeled Fake, Scare, Myth, Sensation, Rumor, Yarn, & Story
  18. 18. Is this “Yellow Journalism”? Explain or describe this cartoon
  19. 19. SO… under pressure from American public opinion, President William McKinley declared war on Spain in 1898
  20. 20. The war was fought in two places: 1. Cuba and 2. the Philippines
  21. 21. In Cuba, Theodore Roosevelt was the leader of a special army unit called the Rough Riders
  22. 22. With the help of the 10th Cavalry, they defeated Spanish troops at the battle of San Juan Hill
  23. 23. The SpanishAmerican War was also fought in the Philippines…
  24. 24. The United States attacked and destroyed Spain’s Pacific fleet in the Philippine Islands
  25. 25. What does this headline tell us?
  26. 26. In 1898, the war ended and Spain recognized Cuba’s independence
  27. 27. The Results
  28. 28. 1. Cuba gained independence from Spain New York Public Library, United States History, Local History and Genealogy Division W. A. Rogers. "The Battle of Desmayo – The Cuban Balaklava." In: Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain. Vol. 1. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1899.
  29. 29. 2. The United States gained possession of territories overseas • • • Guam Philippines Puerto Rico
  30. 30. 3. The United States was now seen as a world power
  31. 31. The U.S. emerged as a world power as a result of victory over Spain in the SpanishAmerican War
  32. 32. Closure: Road to War Draw a “road to war” with FOUR steps on it to represent each of the four reasons the U.S. went to war with Spain in 1898. Use your notes to help you.
  33. 33. Foreign Policy Under President Roosevelt
  34. 34. Under President Theodore Roosevelt, the U.S. expanded its interest in world affairs by…
  35. 35. …preventing European involvement in the affairs of Latin American Countries. This was known as The Roosevelt Corollary.
  36. 36. The Roosevelt Corollary asserted the U.S. the right to…
  37. 37. …interfere in the economic matters of other nations in the Americas and..
  38. 38. …exercise international police powers when necessary, also known as Big Stick Diplomacy.
  39. 39. Big Stick Diplomacy Negotiate when possible, but use military force when necessary to achieve goals in Latin America.
  40. 40. The building of the Panama Canal by the U.S., is an example of President Theodore Roosevelt’s use of Big Stick Diplomacy.
  41. 41. Closure: What is Uncle Sam talking about? Well, I hardly know which to take first!
  42. 42. How much do you remember?
  43. 43. 1. The most important reason of Yellow Journalism is to… a. Tell the truth b. Cause or create revolutions c. Win support for a specific person d. Sell more newspapers
  44. 44. 2. The geography of Cuba is… a. An area connected to the mainland by a thin strip of land b. A mixture of valleys and hills c. A small island with mountains d. Wide, flat plains
  45. 45. 3. Use the cartoon to summarize Cuba’s situation in the 1890s? a. The United States’ army helped Spain stop a revolt b. Spain invaded Cuba c. The people of Cuba rebelled against the Spanish mismanaged government d. A big fire destroyed all of Cuba’s sugar fields
  46. 46. 4. Which country ruled Cuba during the time-period of this cartoon? a. The United States b. England c. France d. Spain
  47. 47. 5. The word “anarchy” is shown in the fire. What does it mean? a. Flames b. Lawless and confusion c. Foreign government d. Corrupt rule
  48. 48. 6. The U.S. became a world power after the Spanish-American War because… a. The U.S. followed a policy of isolationism b. The U.S. wanted to avoid war with other nations c. The U.S. now had territories around the world d. American businessmen invested in sugar plantations in China
  49. 49. 7. Which parts of the world came under U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War? a. Alaska and Hawaii b. Columbia and Venezuela c. Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines d. The Panama Canal Zone
  50. 50. 8. What effect did the SpanishAmerican War have on the U.S.? a. The U.S. became opposed to colonialism b. Nationalism became a part of U.S. foreign policy c. Moral diplomacy was replaced by gunboat diplomacy d. The U.S. emerged as a world power
  51. 51. Spanish-American War • Put together by Michelle Ratliff for Fairfax County Public Schools • Sources are sited on each slide in the notes section • This PowerPoint has been created for use by Fairfax County Public School Teachers
  52. 52. The building of the Panama Canal by the U.S., is an example of President Theodore Roosevelt’s use of Big Stick Diplomacy. eneral/howitworks/comotour.html