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L3 Reasons for US involvement


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L3 Reasons for US involvement

  1. 1. Hello! Today is 1/14/14 Get out your HOMEWORK
  2. 2. What we’re going to do today By the end of class, you will be able to explain why the U.S. got involved in World War I. Agenda: – Cornell Notes – Over There Song – Posters
  3. 3. The U.S. involvement in WWI ended a long tradition of avoiding involvement in European conflicts…
  4. 4. …and set the stage for the U.S. to emerge as a global superpower later in the 20th century.
  5. 5. There were disagreements about the extent the U.S. should isolate itself from world affairs.
  6. 6. What is going on in the U.S. in 1914, as World War I begins in Europe?
  7. 7. 1. Woodrow Wilson is President • First elected President in 1913 • Re-elected in 1916 based on the slogan “He kept us out of war!”
  8. 8. 2. Policy of Isolationism; U.S. stays Neutral • U.S. wants to stay out of the war • Not directly involved in 1914 • At first, U.S. stays NEUTRAL
  9. 9. 3. Border War with Mexico • As a result of Roosevelt’s “Big Stick Diplomacy”, Mexico and U.S. were fighting over territory and control • Most of U.S. Army busy in Mexico
  10. 10. 4. U.S. is trading with Great Britain • Relationship of trade with Britain (NOT with Germany or Austria Hungary) • Sending materials to their markets via ships
  11. 11. Reasons the United States Entered the War What changed??
  12. 12. Inability to remain neutral
  13. 13. WHY ?
  14. 14. 1. German submarine warfare Germany declared it would sink any ships coming into Allied ports.
  15. 15. In 1915, Germans sank the British passenger ship, the Lusitania; 128 Americans killed As a result, U.S. decides to grow its military
  16. 16. 2. The Zimmerman Telegram of 1917
  17. 17. • A secret message from Germany to Mexico to form an alliance with Germany • Germany asked Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. declared war on Germany
  18. 18. …Germany promised that after the war Mexico would get the states of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona
  19. 19. Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy • U.S. involvement should be limited to bringing about peace and promoting democracy. The world must be made safe for democracy! President Wilson
  20. 20. On April 02, 1917, President Wilson asks Congress for a declaration of war…
  21. 21. …it was 1 day and 1 month after the Zimmermann Telegram
  22. 22. < Border War: U.S. versus Mexico (1910-1919) > Woodrow Wilson elected President 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated *SPARK* Lusitania sunk 1915 Zimmerman Telegram U.S. enters WWI 1916 1917 1918 < Fighting in Europe > Treaty of Versailles ends World War I
  23. 23. Major Allied Powers Major Central Powers British Empire France Russia Serbia Belgium United States Germany Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  24. 24. Johnnie Get Your Gun! • Listen to the lyrics and answer the questions • Over There
  25. 25. Homework & Announcements • Summative: Next Monday– Jan. 15th * Take out your agenda!
  26. 26. Poster #01
  27. 27. Poster #02
  28. 28. Poster #03
  29. 29. Poster #04