Theme 7 Part 1American Colonies: Prelude to Revolutions Kendra Lacasella History of the Americas Online
Chapter 13: Union 1685-1730• 1690s: Scots merchants and • In 1705, the English politicians had sought their wanted to resolve the own commercial empire. Scot problem and• The Darien scheme threatened to close represented a new their border to trade assertion of sovereignty by unless they negotiated the Scottish Parliament. a more complete• Their colonial company Union. collapsed ruining the • They agreed and later investors and compounding the Scots received a a trade depression in few seats in both the Scotland. House of Commons and the House of Lords in the English Parliament.
Chapter 13: Pirates 1685-1730• During the 16th and 17th • Pirate crew operated as century, England had found democracies, majority vote piracy useful for attacking the decided who more powerful Spanish commanded, where to empire. sail, and what to attack.• Pirates developed a distinctive • Parliament prosecuted any counterculture that expressed colonial merchants and heir alienation from social governor that harbored or conventions. supplied pirates.• Their power accumulated at the top of the social pyramid.• Pirates maintained a distinctive egalitarianism.
Chapter 14: Trade• During the 18th • The improved flow of century, trade within the information and more empire became increasingly complex patters of complex. commerce boosted• Navigation Acts locked the economic growth in the Chesapeake and the West colonies. Indies into shipping their • The growth was impressive tobacco and sugar directly for a preindustrial economy. to England.• The Southern European trade and the growing importance of wheat exports shifted prosperity within the colonies.
Chapter 14: Goods• 1770- British and Asian • Women were seen as the goods had increased in leading consumers. value. – Buying goods instead of• British competitors started making them reduced the amount of chores that they making credit bigger to had to do, and in the long run colonists which increased this gave women many new the buying of power. skills.• 90% of the economic production remained within a colony for home consumption or trade. But then only 10% was exported.
Chapter 15: Growth and Limits• In 1750, the mainland colonies • The Rationalists rejected the sustained approximately 1,500 supernatural mysteries and overt local congregations, averaging emotionalism of evangelical about ninety families attending. worship.• This showed that two thirds of • The Calvinist notion of an the colonies peoples were arbitrary and punishing God, the churched rationalists worshiped a• Church services filled a hunger for benign, predictable, forgiving, an social gatherings an for d consistent deity. information form the wider world.• By 1740, in most Congregational churches, the female full members exceeded men. By more than two or more.
Chapter 15: Revivals• Revivals were based on the • Some listeners did not emotional process of advance to the state of conversation that divine grace and later transformed sinners into committed suicide because saints. of this.• Evangelical preachers • Because of the suicides, the delivered fearful sermons revivals started to disappear that were mainly dedicated and then later just stop to soul-searching and altogether. showing or helping people imagine what heaven will be like.