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<ul><ul><li>Anoush Margaryan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caledonian Academy, Glasgow Caledonian University  </li></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Global LO economy will emerge </li></ul><ul><li>LOs will be created and shared across boundaries </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>LO economy not achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Too much focus on technology </li></ul><ul><li>Too little focus on pedag...
<ul><li>What are the dimensions, barriers and enablers? </li></ul><ul><li>2. How can we support systematic identification ...
<ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>- Compare users’ and curators’ perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>- Surface contradictions an...
An activity system of a LOR community
Jorum  www.jorum.ac.uk
Contradiction 1: Activities to be supported Activities: long-term view Jorum curator
Contradiction 1: Activities to be supported Activities: short-term Jorum user
Contradiction 2: Outcomes Outcome: strategic view Jorum curator
Contradiction 2: Outcome Outcome: operational view Jorum user
Contradiction 3: Tools Jorum curator LOR as a standalone tool
Contradiction 3: Tools Jorum user LOR as part of an ecology of tools
DIDET  http://www.didet.ac.uk/
Contradiction 4: Object-Outcome crossover  DIDET curator Resource sharing to facilitate learning
Contradiction 4: Object-Outcome crossover  DIDET user 1 Information management as a key goal
Contradiction 4: Object-Outcome crossover  DIDET user 2 Information management as a key goal
<ul><li>Resources communities need vs resources repositories provide </li></ul>Issues (1) “ I have not been able to find m...
<ul><li>Institutions’ view of legitimate work activity </li></ul>Issues (2) “ I sometimes sit at my machine with the headp...
<ul><li>Community identity: primarily discipline, department or institution </li></ul>Issues (2) “… it is a community, but...
Implications <ul><li>Alignment between repositories and user needs </li></ul><ul><li>Involving users in development </li><...
Linking repositories and communities LOR dimensions Purpose  Discipline Scope Sector Contributor Business model Community ...
<ul><li>Why are you setting up a learning object repository?  </li></ul><ul><li>How many communities do you serve? </li></...
Resources http://academy.gcal.ac.uk/cd-lor / <ul><li>Structured Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul...
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Repositories and communities at cross-purposes

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Repositories and communities at cross-purposes

  1. 1. <ul><ul><li>Anoush Margaryan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caledonian Academy, Glasgow Caledonian University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.academy.gcal.ac.uk/anoush/ </li></ul></ul>Repositories and Communities at cross-purposes? <ul><ul><li>With thanks to CDLOR project team: Prof. Allison Littlejohn, Dr. Colin Milligan, Dr. Peter Douglas, Dr. David Nicol, Ms. Sarah Currier </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Global LO economy will emerge </li></ul><ul><li>LOs will be created and shared across boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Communities will coalesce around LORs </li></ul><ul><li>Educational practice will be transformed </li></ul><ul><li>Learning will be enhanced </li></ul>Vision
  3. 3. <ul><li>LO economy not achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Too much focus on technology </li></ul><ul><li>Too little focus on pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Contexts of use ignored </li></ul><ul><li>User needs ignored </li></ul>And the reality?
  4. 4. <ul><li>What are the dimensions, barriers and enablers? </li></ul><ul><li>2. How can we support systematic identification of these issues ? </li></ul>Key questions drivers, barriers & enablers dimensions of repositories typology of communities dimensions of communities LORs & communities
  5. 5. <ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>- Compare users’ and curators’ perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>- Surface contradictions and tensions </li></ul><ul><li>- Identify barriers and enablers </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection: </li></ul><ul><li>- Questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>- In-depth interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis: </li></ul><ul><li>- Activity system framework </li></ul>Study
  6. 6. An activity system of a LOR community
  7. 7. Jorum www.jorum.ac.uk
  8. 8. Contradiction 1: Activities to be supported Activities: long-term view Jorum curator
  9. 9. Contradiction 1: Activities to be supported Activities: short-term Jorum user
  10. 10. Contradiction 2: Outcomes Outcome: strategic view Jorum curator
  11. 11. Contradiction 2: Outcome Outcome: operational view Jorum user
  12. 12. Contradiction 3: Tools Jorum curator LOR as a standalone tool
  13. 13. Contradiction 3: Tools Jorum user LOR as part of an ecology of tools
  14. 14. DIDET http://www.didet.ac.uk/
  15. 15. Contradiction 4: Object-Outcome crossover DIDET curator Resource sharing to facilitate learning
  16. 16. Contradiction 4: Object-Outcome crossover DIDET user 1 Information management as a key goal
  17. 17. Contradiction 4: Object-Outcome crossover DIDET user 2 Information management as a key goal
  18. 18. <ul><li>Resources communities need vs resources repositories provide </li></ul>Issues (1) “ I have not been able to find much material that is directly relevant to the syllabuses we teach here”. <ul><li>Lack of interoperability and integration with existing institutional systems </li></ul>“ It’s always a mistake to treat [repositories] as if it’s a discrete thing. It is really a part of web-based learning, so if the institution is adequately resourcing the development and the deploying of web-based resources then there is no reason why repositories shouldn’t be part of that”.
  19. 19. <ul><li>Institutions’ view of legitimate work activity </li></ul>Issues (2) “ I sometimes sit at my machine with the headphones on and I am listening to audio resources that have been collected for me. And people walk past the door and make remarks about what I might or might not be doing. But if I were sitting with a journal open on my desk there wouldn’t be the same comment. So I think there is still a bit of an issue about the perception of where any form of new technology fits… it’s not real academic study.” <ul><li>Mismatch in rewards for research & teaching </li></ul>“… It’s not considered to be equal to proper linguistic research. I mean I do fool around with technology such a lot and it takes all my time. And it doesn’t turn up in a publication…there isn’t the kind of recognition that doing something practical has academic value”
  20. 20. <ul><li>Community identity: primarily discipline, department or institution </li></ul>Issues (2) “… it is a community, but I still wouldn’t primarily identify myself in that community ahead of the disciplinary or broader institution… That community, apart from occasional contacts doesn’t really extend much into other institutions.”
  21. 21. Implications <ul><li>Alignment between repositories and user needs </li></ul><ul><li>Involving users in development </li></ul><ul><li>Alignment between vision and implementation </li></ul>
  22. 22. Linking repositories and communities LOR dimensions Purpose Discipline Scope Sector Contributor Business model Community dimensions Purpose Dialogue Roles Coherence Context Rules Pedagogy Issues Cultural Pedagogic Organisatio-nal Technological Solutions Cultural Pedagogic Organisatio-nal Technological
  23. 23. <ul><li>Why are you setting up a learning object repository? </li></ul><ul><li>How many communities do you serve? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of the community that the repository will serve? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the key actors in the community and who, of these, will contribute to the repository? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the pedagogic approach of the community? </li></ul><ul><li>How coherent is the community? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the modes of participation and communication within the community? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the key factors in the ecology of the community? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the business model of the repository? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you envisage the evolution of your LOR? </li></ul>Guidelines for setting up LORs
  24. 24. Resources http://academy.gcal.ac.uk/cd-lor / <ul><li>Structured Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Use cases and scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Literature review report </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews and surveys reports </li></ul>

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