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- 1. ONE POINT PERSPECTIVE Title a page in your sketchbook –Skills Workshop: One Point Perspective’
- 2. ONE POINT PERSPECTIVE: What and Why? Pencil going back in spacePerspective is the way in which objects appear to the eye based on the way they go back into space. One pointperspective is used when we are facing an object from the front and want to draw how it disappears back in space.
- 3. BEFORE WE START: Helpful Hints• Materials – always use a ruler, pencil and a good eraser for perspective drawing• Draw lightly – you’ll need to erase part of your drawing so don’t press too hard with your pencil• Pay attention – perspective drawing is one of the more difficult concepts in Studio Art• Have patience – keep trying, even when you’re frustrated• Practice, Practice, Practice – it takes a long time to master a concept! Practice = knowledge• Color Coding Tutorial = vanishing point; red = a new line, = a new piece we’ve added to the drawing. Watch for these arrows to help you along the way!
- 4. BEFORE WE START: Notes• Steps: – Save room at the top of your notes for writing down the steps (8 in all)• Definitions– Save room in your notes for definitions of the different perspective parts• Example– At the bottom of your notes, follow along to create an example. Number the parts to the example to correspond with the steps of the notes. This is your reference sheet for perspective drawing in 1 point perspective.
- 5. STEP 1: Draw the horizon line HORIZON LINEHorizon Line: An imaginary horizontal line, sometimes referredto as eye level, which divides your line of vision when you lookstraight ahead. The place off in the distance where the skymeets together with the earth.Objects below this line are below your eye level, and objectsabove this line are above your eye level. Artists draw horizonlines to accurately establish perspective in their drawings.
- 6. STEP 2: Add a vanishing point Vanishing PointVanishing Point: the point on the horizon line where all of yourangular perspective lines will come together. For this tutorial,place it slightly away from the middle of the paper so it looks likeour example.Objects become smaller and smaller the closer they are to thevanishing point and, at this point, seem to completely disappear(or vanish).
- 7. ONE POINT PERSPECTIVE: What and Why? Vanishing PointThe vanishing point in Raphael’s School of Athens, fresco, 1509
- 8. ANOTHER NOTE ON PERSPECTIVE: Objects Above and Below The Horizon Line/Vanishing Point Below the Vanishing Above the Vanishing Point/ Horizon Line Point/ Horizon Line Use when you want to Use when you want to make it look like you’re make it look like you’re standing above an object standing below an object
- 9. NEXT UP: Perspective lines Perspective Perspective Line Line Perspective LinePerspective Lines: Straight lines, drawn at an angle from theedges of objects, back into space, until they finally cometogether at the vanishing point on the horizon line.
- 10. STEP 3: Draw in perspective lines Top of Object Bottom of ObjectStart by making one line with your ruler from the vanishing pointoutward. This line will be the bottom of your object.Next, make the top line. This will form the base of one side ofyour object
- 11. STEP 4: Connect the perspective lines Vertical Connecting LinesUse your ruler to draw 2 vertical lines that connect the bottomand top perspective lines. This will complete one side of yourobject.
- 12. A NOTE ABOUT PERSPECTIVE: Size and Depth Shorter Line Longer LineNotice how the lines you just drew are not the same length? Theshorter line fools your eye into thinking that the object is moving backinto the space of the page. Even though the page is flat, youvecreated some artificial depth. This is the same kind of effect that yousee when you look at buildings outside. The further things are awayfrom you, the smaller they appear.
- 13. STEP 5: Create the Front of the Object HorizontalsUse your ruler to create 2 horizontal lines of equal distance fromthe top and bottom of the longer line.
- 14. STEP 6: Add in a Vertical Side Line Vertical LineConnect the 2 horizontal lines you just made with a vertical line.This helps complete the front side of your object.
- 15. STEP 7: Erase the ExtrasErase all the extra lines that aren’t a part of your object. Carefullyerase the horizon line that goes through your object.
- 16. STEP 8: Congratulate Yourself!You’ve drawn a box in one point perspective! You now have acube. Congratulations!
- 17. LET’S GO FURTHER: Adding a RoofLet’s turn this cube into a building by adding a roof in perspective.Start by drawing two diagonal lines from either side of the front ofthe cube. Make them connect at the top.
- 18. LET’S GO FURTHER: Adding a RoofStarting where the two diagonals you just drew came together,draw a line that connects to the vanishing point.
- 19. LET’S GO FURTHER: Adding a RoofAdd in one last diagonal line that connects the far point of the boxwith the line you just created.
- 20. LET’S GO FURTHER: Adding a Roof These two lines need to be parallel Check to make sure that the last line you drew and the frontdiagonal line are parallel. If they aren’t you might need to erase and start the roof over from the beginning. Remember - Patience!
- 21. LET’S GO FURTHER: Adding a RoofErase the extra lines that aren’t in your roof or your cube.
- 22. LET’S GO FURTHER: Adding a RoofCongratulations! You’ve just drawn a building in 1 point perspective!
- 23. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsLet’s make our building look even more realistic with doors and windows in perspective
- 24. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsAdd in a top and bottom perspective lines for your window.
- 25. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsAdd in a two vertical side lines for your window. Check to makesure one is slightly smaller than the other, giving the illusion of going back in space.
- 26. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and Windows Erase the extras of your perspective lines.
- 27. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsInsert a sash in your window to make it look realistic. Have it start at about the middle of the larger vertical side line and disappear into the vanishing point.
- 28. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsInsert a vertical sash in your window to make it look realistic.
- 29. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsErase the extras of your sash’s perspective line. You now have a building with a roof and a window.
- 30. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsTo add a door to the front, draw 2 horizontal and 2 vertical lines.
- 31. LET’S GO EVEN FURTHER: Adding Doors and WindowsAdd in a doorknob or a window to your door to make it look even more realistic.
- 32. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded. START HERE
- 33. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 34. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 35. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 36. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 37. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 38. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 39. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 40. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 41. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in one point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 42. Video on One Point Perspective
- 43. CLASSWORK: Practice• Start with a horizon line near the middle of your paper.• Begin creating a city in 1 point perspective• Some buildings should overlap and be in front of other buildings• Add in details, windows, doors, trees, people, cars, etc.• You will turn it in at the end of class for a grade – so working during the entire class means you’ll receive a higher grade
- 44. Agenda and Due Dates• Portraits Due: Tuesday May 5th for BD; Wednesday May 6th for AC• If you have yours finished please turn it in on the front desk• Sketchbook #8 due: Thursday May 14th for BD; Friday May 15th for AC• Today: 2 point Perspective• Next Week: Perspective and Graffiti Art• You’ll need your sketchbook, ruler, eraser, pencil
- 45. CLASSWORK: ReviewWithout your notes answer the following questions:• In a cube drawn in perspective, floating above the horizon line you would see the front, side and _____________• In a cube drawn in perspective, floating below the horizon line you would see the front, side and __________.• Where would a cube be located if you could only see the front and the side?• Objects get ____________ as they approach the vanishing point• Draw a cube in 1 point perspective, ABOVE the horizon line
- 46. TWO POINTPERSPECTIVE
- 47. TWO POINT PERSPECTIVE: What and Why?Perspective is the way in which objects appear to the eyebased on the way they go back into space.2 point perspective allows you to draw perspective objects atan angle - not just straight on like one point perspective.Mastering 2 point perspective drawing will give you the infoyou need for drawing more interesting things.
- 48. BEFORE WE START: Helpful Hints• Materials – always use a ruler, pencil and a good eraser for perspective drawing• Draw lightly – you’ll need to erase part of your drawing so don’t press too hard with your pencil• Pay attention – perspective drawing is one of the most difficult concepts in Studio Art• Have patience – keep trying, even when you’re frustrated• Practice, Practice, Practice – it takes a long time to master a concept! Practice = knowledge• Color Coding Tutorial = vanishing point; red = a new line, = a new piece we’ve added to the drawing. Watch for these arrows to help you along the way!
- 49. STEP 1: Draw the horizon line HORIZON LINERemember: Horizon Line: An imaginary horizontal line,sometimes referred to as eye level, which divides your line ofvision when you look straight ahead. The place off in thedistance where the sky meets together with the earth.
- 50. ANOTHER NOTE ON PERSPECTIVE: Objects Above and Below The Horizon LINEBelow the Horizon Line Above the Horizon Line Use when you want to Use when you want to make it look like you’re make it look like you’restanding above an object standing below an object
- 51. STEP 2: Add in 2 vanishing points Vanishing Vanishing Point 1 Point 2Vanishing Point: the point on the horizon line where all of yourangular perspective lines will come together. For this tutorial,place your vanishing point on opposite sides of the horizon line.
- 52. STEP 3: Draw vertical guidelineUsing your ruler, add in a vertical line that will help begin yourcube in 2 point perspective. For this tutorial, place yours abovethe horizon line. This means we will be able to see 2 sides andthe bottom of the object.
- 53. STEP 4: Draw perspective lines Vanishing Point 1Perspective Lines: Straight lines, drawn at an angle from theedges of objects, back into space, until they finally cometogether at one of the two vanishing points.Remember, every non-vertical line must converge on one of thetwo vanishing points
- 54. STEP 5: Add in vertical length and width lines Width Length Line LineVertical Length and Width Lines: Straight up-and-down linesthat define how long and how wide your object will be.
- 55. STEP 6: Draw in bottom perspective lines Start from Start from bottom of vertical bottom of and extend to opposite vertical and vanishing point extend to oppositevanishing point Lines intersect, making the bottom, farthest away cornerStarting at the bottom point of the one of the vertical lines you justadded, draw a line that extends to the opposite vanishing point.Repeat this same action, using the bottom point of the other verticalline you just added, extending to the opposite vanishing point. Thelines should cross, making the furthest away corner of the undersideof your object.
- 56. STEP 7: Erase unnecessary linesErase all your perspective guidelines that are not part of your object.
- 57. You’ve just made a cube in 2 point perspective!
- 58. STEP 8: Practice Makes PerfectOn your own, try making more cubes in 2 point perspective. Tryone on the horizon line, one below the horizon line and another above the horizon line.
- 59. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in two point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded. DO THIS BOX AFTER FINISHING THE FIRST START HERE
- 60. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in two point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 61. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in two point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 62. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in two point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 63. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in two point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.
- 64. Name_____________________________Directions: Finish the worksheet by turning the lines and squares into boxes in two point perspective. Some ofyour boxes may overlap a bit. Turn it into your class INBOX when you finish to be graded.

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