Specific Learning Disabilities By: Caitlin and VanessaDefinition: disorder in 1 or more of the basic psychological processes involved inunderstanding or in using language, spoken or written, which disorder may manifest itself in theimperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations,including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury , minimal brain dysfunction,dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. If the student does not achieve at the proper age andability levels in one or more of several specific areas when provided with appropriate learningexperiences age-appropriate instruction in one of more of the following areas: Oral expression Listening comprehension Written expression Basic reading skill Reading fluency skills Reading comprehension Mathematics calculations Mathematics reasoningDoes not make adequate progress to meet age or grade-level standards in one or more of theprior areas identified when utilizing the process of the child’s response to empirically basedinterventions; or a pattern of weaknesses and strengths that have been determined to exist inperformance, achievement or both, relative to age, state-approved grade-level standards, orintellectual development, as determined by certified assessment professionals. Specific learningdisabilities are considered a high-incidence disability. The U.S. Department of Education reportsthat there are over 2.8 million students being served for specific learning disabilities and that’sapproximately 47.4% of all children receiving special education.Characteristics: Intellectual Academic Reading Writing and drawing Arithmetic Behavior Communicative abilities Physical
Teaching StrategiesPerceptual Difficulties Do not present two pieces of information together that may be perceptually confusing. Highlight important characteristics of new materialStudents with Attention Difficulties Maintain attention by breaking long tasks and presenting limited amounts of information. Use prompts and cues to draw attention to important information. (like highlighting instructions)Students with Memory Difficulties Chunking- grouping of large strings of information into smaller or more manageable “chunks”. Rehearsal or repetition, either oral or silent Elaboration weaving of the material to be remembered into a meaningful content. Categorization- being able to memorize information in categories. Ex. AnimalsRESOURCES www.interdys.org Gives information about dyslexia, October is national dyslexia awareness month. http://www.projectidealonline.org/specificLearningDisabilities.php Gives helpful information, not for just one disability, but for several disabilities. http://www.ldaamerica.org Want to create opportunities for success for all children with learning disabilities. http://www.ncld.org Gives basic information and resources for schools.