Space lect5


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Space lect5

  1. 1. Space is the place Hum 201 Autumn 2005 Day 5
  2. 2. Today’s itinerary <ul><li>Use de Certeau to make “place” and “space” strange. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate how this is related to embodiment and perception </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to think about the uses of narratives, tours, and maps </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What does it mean to travel? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Space and place-common sense <ul><li>Space is the territory, often defined as the distance between </li></ul><ul><li>Rene Descartes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Place is a specific place in that territory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One place rather than another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extension is a primary quality of matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Space is quantity of extension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Most of us still think of space as either extension or emptiness </li></ul><ul><li>What about cyberspace? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Michel de Certeau <ul><li>1925-1986 </li></ul><ul><li>The Practice of Everyday Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French, 1968 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translated into English 1984 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are we passive consumers? </li></ul><ul><li>Not if we examine “ways of operating” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often involves seeing how mediums and objects are used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involved in a “hidden poiesis” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Traveler as producer <ul><li>Traveler </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The terrain is fixed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paris is Paris, a path through the woods is still through the woods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do we change the terrain when we travel? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The traveler produces meaning through the practices that they engage in as they traverse the terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think in terms of how we use objects to create meaning and direction in our life </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Place in de Certeau <ul><li>Place is an order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A configuring of positions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Something is in one place and not another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implies a stability or fixity of relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Everything is in its place </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Space in de Certeau <ul><li>Intersections of mobile elements </li></ul><ul><li>Space is produced as an effect of the operations that orient it and temporalize it </li></ul><ul><li>Space is practiced place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The street is transformed into space by the walkers on it </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Space and depth <ul><li>Space is not extension! </li></ul><ul><li>Space is how things are connected and the depth of connections that allows them to present themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Space is practiced and embodied </li></ul>
  10. 10. Building on Merleau-Ponty <ul><li>“ space is not the setting (real or logical) in which things are arranged, but the means whereby the position of things becomes possible.” Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The opacity of the body in movement, gesticulating, walking, taking its pleasure, is what indefinitely organizes a here in relation to an abroad” (de Certeau, 110) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Tours and maps <ul><li>Maps are of places </li></ul><ul><li>Tours are of spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Maps have disengaged themselves from specific itineraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No longer embodied </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work against the strangeness of travel by orienting places </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Nova orbis tabula . De Wit 1688 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stories and travel <ul><li>Stories transform spaces into places </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this purely metaphorical? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Place” as contingent and continually needing redefining </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stories change our connections to the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They redefine a relationship between the self and the world </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. What’s next? <ul><li>Still packing our bags </li></ul><ul><li>Move from objects, perceptions, bodies, space </li></ul><ul><li>Come to a humanistic definition of consciousness that is embodied, spatial, and dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>After that we begin the journey </li></ul><ul><li>Or has it started? </li></ul>