Development intro


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Development intro

  1. 1. Disparities in wealth and development
  2. 2. By the end of this lesson you will: <ul><li>Be able to define development. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand that development can be economic, demographic, social, political and cultural. </li></ul><ul><li>Have started to understand why measuring development is not always easy </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Development?
  4. 4. What is Development? Development is usually referred to as a measure of how rich or poor a country is. Rich countries are more economically more developed (or HICs) Poor countries are said to be economically less developed (or LICs) See GATW
  5. 5. What is Development? <ul><li>Development is not just about wealth, however. It is about growth and progress, and about using resources and technology to improve the quality of life for people. </li></ul><ul><li>Countries can be culturally, demographically, socially, politically or economically developed. </li></ul><ul><li>TASK: mini-mind map types of development </li></ul>
  6. 6. The World Divided- is it as simple as this? Watch clip The Brandt Line
  7. 7. How can a country be developed in different ways ?
  8. 8. How can development be measured? Task: Brainstorm 10 ways in which you could measure development Extension: Which do you think is the most common measure of development- why?
  9. 9. Countries According to the size of their GDP more at worldmapper
  10. 10. Anything to do with development?
  11. 12. How can development be measured? <ul><li>Task: </li></ul><ul><li>Complete card sort of measures of development. </li></ul><ul><li>Rank cards in order of importance. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a glossary of development measures </li></ul>
  12. 13. What is the difference between GDP, GNP and GNI? <ul><li>Task: </li></ul><ul><li>Define GNI and look at google public data </li></ul><ul><li>What are the shortcomings of these economic measures? </li></ul><ul><li>What is PPP? </li></ul><ul><li>Prep- create your own composite indicator! </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>The Big Mac index- an example of PPP </li></ul>
  14. 15. Measuring Development- HDI, GDI, GEM and HPI 1 &2
  15. 16. By the end of this lesson you will: <ul><li>Examine the HDI and evaluate it’s strengths and weaknesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand variations of HDI such as GDI and HPI </li></ul><ul><li>Starter- watch development report clip </li></ul>
  16. 18. Calculating the HDI: <ul><li>The HDI for any country is calculated using three variables : </li></ul><ul><li>Income- measured by GDP per capita </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge- measured by adult literacy and the % of children attending school. </li></ul><ul><li>Longevity- measured by life expectancy at birth. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Tasks: <ul><li>Compare HDI to GNI on gapminder- any off patterns? Any surprises? </li></ul><ul><li>Look at Oil-rich Arab states </li></ul><ul><li>Look at CIS countries and African countries </li></ul><ul><li>Look at table on p31 of CC at variants of HDI </li></ul>
  18. 20. HDI 2007 World Countries  
  19. 21. Lesson Recap: <ul><li>What is the HDI and what are it’s strengths and weaknesses? </li></ul><ul><li>Prep- go to and create a scatter graph to show HDI plotted against IMR. Run the timeline and select Zimbabwe and Rwanda. Why do these two follow different paths? (RESEARCH!) Do the same for S. Korea. Try to explain this pattern over time. </li></ul>