Proxemics 1

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Proxemics 1

  1. 1. ProxemicsCinematography and Social Psychology
  2. 2. • A popular psychologist, Edward T Hall, has written a couple of books, “The Hidden Dimension’ and ‘The Silent Language’ on what he calls a theory of proxemic’s.• It purports to be a study of how peoples behaviour are affected by the physical distances between them.
  3. 3. • Hall suggests that these can be divided into four categories: Intimate Distance, Personal Distance, Social Distance and Impersonal/Remote Distance.
  4. 4. • The camera always takes what could be construed as a psychological attitude to what it is filming, an attitude that directly affects the story being told.
  5. 5. • By using different shot sizes and placement of camera, a director is able to make a clear statement about his thoughts and feelings concerning the story’s characters and the situations they find themselves in, thoughts and feelings concerning
  6. 6. Remote Distance
  7. 7. Remote Distance• The individual person is not identified as a particular person. Figure is recognised only by costume of because of the situation or context.
  8. 8. Public Distance
  9. 9. Public Distance• This distance will be maintained by people who have to establish a ‘public status’, who are ‘unapproachable’ as individuals
  10. 10. Social Distance
  11. 11. • At fifteen feet to ten feet, deportment and dress are on display. In a social environment manners are likely to be self-conscious
  12. 12. Social Distance
  13. 13. Social Distance• Speech and gesture are apt to be fairly deliberate, formal and still a little ‘projected’ if in the presence of a group of people.
  14. 14. Personal Distance
  15. 15. Personal Distance• Reserved for close acquaintances or friends. A stranger who invades this ‘ Private Space” may be regarded as an intruder.
  16. 16. Personal Distance
  17. 17. Personal Distance• Closer still implies that the relationship is ‘one-on-one’. The presence of others is ignored. Speech will be impromptu and the communication more ‘non-verbal’.
  18. 18. Intimate Distance
  19. 19. Intimate Distance• Physical involvement. Acceptable in public if participants are ‘family’. It does imply exclusion of others, normally demands some degree of privacy.

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