Impress and Express


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Impress and Express

  1. 1. Impressionism andExpressionism
  2. 2. Pierre - Auguste Renoir Le Moulin de la Galette - 1876
  3. 3. • Impressionism was a 19th-century movement that began as a loose association of Paris- based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence in the 1870s and 1880s.
  4. 4. • The name of the movement is derived from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleillevant), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satiric review published in Le Charivari.
  5. 5. • They also took the act of painting out of the studio and into the modern world. Previously, still life’s and portraits as well as landscapes had usually been painted indoors.
  6. 6. Pierre - Auguste Renoir La Grenouillere – 1869
  7. 7. Characteristics of Impressionist Paintings• Radicals in their time, early Impressionists broke the rules of academic painting.• They began by giving colours, freely brushed, primacy over line.
  8. 8. Mary CassattMrs. Cassatt reading to her grandchildren -1888
  9. 9. Characteristics of Impressionist Paintings• The Impressionists found that they could capture the momentary and transient effects of sunlight by painting en plein air. (outdoors)
  10. 10. Claude MonetHaystacks at sunset, frosty weather 1891
  11. 11. • Painting realistic scenes of modern life, they emphasized vivid overall effects rather than details. They used short, "broken" brush strokes of pure and unmixed colour, not smoothly blended, as was customary, in order to achieve the effect of intense colour vibration.
  12. 12. Edgar Degas The Pedicure - 1873
  13. 13. George WhistlerNocturne: blue and silver –Chelsea - 1871
  14. 14. Characteristics of Impressionist Paintings• Open composition, emphasis on light in its changing qualities• The play of natural light is emphasized. Close attention is paid to the reflection of colours from object to object.• The inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles
  15. 15. EdouardManet Argenteuil -1874
  16. 16. The Impressionists relaxed the boundarybetween subject and background so that theeffect of an Impressionist painting oftenresembles a snapshot, a part of a larger realitycaptured as if by chance.
  17. 17. Berthe MorisotEugene Manet and His daughter in the garden at Bougival -1881
  18. 18. • Photography was gaining popularity, and as cameras became more portable, photographs became more candid. Photography inspired Impressionists to capture the moment, not only in the fleeting lights of a landscape, but in the day-to-day lives of people.
  19. 19. • The rise of the impressionist movement can be seen in part as a reaction by artists to the newly established medium of photography.• The taking of fixed or still images challenged painters by providing a new medium with which to capture reality.
  20. 20. Whistler JamesNocturne in grey and gold: Chelsea snow - 1876
  21. 21. Impressionistic Painters• Frédéric Bazille, (1841-1870)• Gustave Caillebotte (who, younger than the others, joined forces with them in the mid 1870s), (1848-1894)• Mary Cassatt (American-born, she lived in Paris and participated in four Impressionist exhibitions), (1844-1926)• Paul Cézanne (although he later broke away from the Impressionists), (1839-1906)• Edgar Degas (a realist who despised the term Impressionist, but is considered one, due to his loyalty to the group), (1834-1917)• Armand Guillaumin, (1841-1927)• Édouard Manet (who did not regard himself as an Impressionist, but is generally considered one), (1832-1883)• Claude Monet (the most prolific of the Impressionists and the one who most clearly embodies their aesthetic), [17] (1840-1926)• Berthe Morisot, (1841-1895)• Camille Pissarro, (1830-1903)• Pierre-Auguste Renoir, (1841-1919)• Alfred Sisley, (1839-1899)
  22. 22. Expressionism
  23. 23. • Expressionismwas a cultural movement originating in Germany at the start of the 20th-centuryas a reaction to positivism and other artistic movements such as naturalism and impressionism.
  24. 24. • It sought to express the meaning of "being alive” and emotional experience rather than physical reality. It is the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an emotional effect; it is a subjective art form.
  25. 25. Edvard Munch The Scream (1893)
  26. 26. Characteristics of Expressionist Paintings• Expressionism worked with arbitrary colors as well as jarring compositions.• In reaction and opposition to French Impressionism which focused on rendering the sheer visual appearance of objects, Expressionist artists sought to capture emotions and subjective interpretations:
  27. 27. Wassily Kandinsky On White II - 1923
  28. 28. Characteristics of Expressionist Paintings• It was not important to reproduce an aesthetically pleasing impression of the artistic subject matter; the Expressionists focused on capturing vivid emotional reactions through powerful colors and dynamic compositions instead.
  29. 29. • Expressionistic style is present when the artist or designer is seeking to evoke a maximum emotional response from the viewer.
  30. 30. "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" a silent film by Robert Wiene, 1920
  31. 31. Realism
  32. 32. Witness( Copying Vermeer)