Montabone from regionalisation to territorial management

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Montabone from regionalisation to territorial management

  1. 1. Beno UMR 6590 ESO-Rennes Université Européenne de Bretagne ENTI Intelligence Territoriale - Grand Ouest 25-26 Mars 2010 From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey Benoît Montabone UMR CNRS 6590 ESO-Rennes Université Européenne de Bretagne - Rennes 2
  2. 2. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey Candidacy process to the EU: European demand and national response according to national specificities Creation of Regional Development Agencies often seen as a result of « policy transfer » for regionalisation process Observations based on the 3 first Agencies existing in Turkey (Izmir, Adana, Istanbul) and in-depths interview with local actors Introduction 1- Are « Regional Development Agencies the expression of a regionalisation process in Turkey? 2- Local initiatives and local demand for supporting regional business communities. 3- The role of the RDAs in promoting regional endogenous development
  3. 3. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey I- Are « Regional Development Agencies » the expression of a regionalisation process ? <ul><li>Sector-based planning policies in Turkey, except of GAP project </li></ul><ul><li>Candidacy process: creation of NUTS I, II, III. NUTS II : new territorial units </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Regional Development Agencies ( Bölgesel Kalk ın ma Ajans ı ) under the State Planning Organisation ( Devlet Planlama Teşkilatı ) </li></ul><ul><li>Missions of the agencies as defined by the Law: supporting project from public and private sectors / seeking European and international funds / promoting investment in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Good budget dotation and qualified human resources </li></ul>
  4. 4. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey Creation of new territorial units
  5. 5. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey BUT decision-making process remains very centralised. Delegation of power to regional structures is very limited <ul><li>Agencies created by the SPO/DPT and priorities in the creation schedule have not been made public </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies have limited initiative power and are not specifically devoted to regional development. They remain under the direct control of the DPT which supervises and evaluates regional plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies highly dependent on central level. By law, DPT is responsible for determining processes and distribution of international funds for regional development </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies: « institutional arrangement » responding to European requirements while conciliating domestic reluctances for decentralisation </li></ul>
  6. 6. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey II- Local initiatives and local demand for supporting regional business communities « Regional Developement Agency » not a new concept in Turkey : few local initiatives as Aegean Foundation for Economic Development (EGEV: Ege Ekonomiyi Geli ş tirme Vakf ı ) <ul><li>Problem: not the same territorial unit than the Regional Development Agency. </li></ul><ul><li>RDA: new actor within regional development but not the overall coordinator </li></ul>
  7. 7. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey Local demand for business supporting structure is an important point for understanding the role of the RDA: analyses of a survey published on several sources and in-depth interviews with local actors about their expectancies on RDA <ul><li>Need for consultancy services on organisational structure, marketing, targeting potential clients, product development </li></ul><ul><li>Need for help and guidance in new market research </li></ul><ul><li>Need for formal and informal networks in the business community, regionally, nationally and internationnally </li></ul>A key issue is hence what role RDAs can play in nurturing endogenous development through facilitating and undertaking the debates and details of a shared development agenda.
  8. 8. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey III- The role of the « Regional Development Agencies » in promoting regional endogeneous development <ul><li>Selection process </li></ul><ul><li>- Preview </li></ul><ul><li>- Technical and financial notation </li></ul><ul><li>- Notation’s control </li></ul><ul><li>- Budget analysis </li></ul><ul><li>- In situ analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Executive board </li></ul><ul><li>approbation </li></ul><ul><li>RDAs in Turkey will function as coordinator and leading organisations for regional economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Development Council is established to enhance cooperation among public institutions, private sector, NOGs, Universities and local governments </li></ul>
  9. 9. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey <ul><li>RDAs are expecting to play roles as part of the State ‘s organisational structure and policy programmes, and not a role of self-sustaining strategic and operational agent: this is a very fragile devolution . </li></ul><ul><li>Context of poor performance of local state organisations, owing to lacking competencies, and the perseverance of patronage and clientelist practices . </li></ul><ul><li>However, there is no organisation currently taking responsability for developing regional development strategies. Current state of network relations and interactions among firms and organisation is poor and largely ineffective. There is no coordination among the more general economic development activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Key question remains to what extent RDAs in Turkey could fill the gap </li></ul>
  10. 10. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: The Role of the « Regional » Development Agencies in Turkey Conclusions <ul><li>The so-clamed « new public management » supposed to be based on multi-level governance appears to be a «  commande à distance  », a way to deconcentrate the centralised State through a centrally monitored territorialisation. </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Development Agencies appear as bodies which support endigenous growth with many different regional actors sheltered inside. They have to guide national and foreign investors through the bureaucratic procedure for their investments. </li></ul><ul><li>The creation of new territorialised actor does not necessayr mean apparition of new territorial administrative level. The « regionalisation » process under europeanisation is actually a new way for territorial management , closer ton international neoliberal standards than to regional policy implementation demand. </li></ul>

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