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It Go English C Guy 25 Mars 2010


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It Go English C Guy 25 Mars 2010

  1. 1. Governance and territorial intelligence Building and implementing democratic tools for choice
  2. 2. Territorial Intelligence and climate change (CC): an interesting case <ul><li>1- Divergent temporal terms : from short-term reactivity to mid-term contracts until long-term inflexions </li></ul><ul><li>2 – A global issue, concerning and connecting everybody </li></ul><ul><li>3 – Varying territorial scales </li></ul><ul><li>(examples in French western areas) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dealing with climate change : Technical answers… . Observation and assessment . To institute a specific professional field <ul><li>… and political answers </li></ul><ul><li>Building a multidecisional univers </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the efficacity of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>So, necessity of connection between governance and TI </li></ul>
  4. 4. Three conflicting injunctions to act <ul><li>Between action and democratic participation, how to improve governance ? </li></ul><ul><li>About main objectives </li></ul><ul><li>About methods </li></ul><ul><li>About challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Present contradictions in the CC policies : dilemma between local adaptation and global attenuation </li></ul>
  5. 5. A double term calendar (1) <ul><li>The long term </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>To light future (TI) </li></ul><ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial forecast and building scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>To choose a strategy (ex : adaptation/attenuation ?) </li></ul><ul><li>The long term </li></ul><ul><li>IPCC since1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Long term predictions </li></ul><ul><li>Inflexions between expected and real change </li></ul><ul><li>Social and economic council of Brittany (CESR) </li></ul><ul><li>Regional forecast section Several scenarios according to CC depht and to political governance (more or less centralized) (1994) </li></ul>
  6. 6. A double term calendar (2) <ul><li>The short term </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate reactivity to any climate disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity to act </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimacy of decision and of execution </li></ul><ul><li>The short term </li></ul><ul><li>National state : Risk prevention planning (PPR1995), rescue organization (ORSEC), crisis unit </li></ul><ul><li>Departments : Fire and rescue service (SDIS) </li></ul><ul><li>Municipalities : bye-law </li></ul>
  7. 7. An incomplete democracy (1) <ul><li>Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>To vote advices upon policies </li></ul><ul><li>In political instituted arenas </li></ul><ul><li>Which formalizes « social » democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>CESR : 2 nd regional council : ex : Coastal spaces chart in Brittany </li></ul><ul><li>Development councils of « pays » and « agglomerations » : advices about urban planning (SCoT, PDU, PDE) </li></ul>
  8. 8. An incomplete democracy (2) <ul><li>Warning </li></ul><ul><li>To deal with new issues </li></ul><ul><li>To establish new suitable institutions </li></ul><ul><li>New actors for a more societal democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Warning </li></ul><ul><li>Networks as Energy-Cities (26 countries in EU) </li></ul><ul><li>Grenelle of environment </li></ul><ul><li>More importance for NGO </li></ul><ul><li>«Qualified people»( CESR) </li></ul><ul><li>  Academy of technologies (Rennes-Metropole) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Scalar fittings (1) <ul><li>To communicate and to mobilize </li></ul><ul><li>To deliberate at local scale </li></ul><ul><li>(50 000 inhabitants ?) </li></ul><ul><li>To base policy upon bottom up initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>To stand in territorial bench-marking </li></ul><ul><li>To communicate and to mobilize </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial climate-energy plans PCET (2009/08/03) </li></ul><ul><li>Rennes : «  Open Forum » for a drawing up democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Lyon ; Lille Metropole : scoring of « ordinaries heroes » ; Nantes, future «european green capital» ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Scalar fittings (2) <ul><li>Improving consistency of different policies </li></ul><ul><li>A commitment for multi-level competences </li></ul><ul><li>The renewal of territorial planning </li></ul><ul><li>A strong mandate from the society to its representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Improving consistency of different policies </li></ul><ul><li>EU : « Covenant of mayors commited to local sustainable energy» (2009) ( SEAP ) </li></ul><ul><li>2009/08/03 : Spatial plan (SCoT) fix aims for space using </li></ul><ul><li>Common-building for PCET </li></ul>
  11. 11. Concluding about implementing TI according to climate challenge <ul><li>A political aim </li></ul><ul><li>Overcoming suspicion about policies (Pierre Rosanvallon « défiance ») and building a less agonistic and more peaceful democracy </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Implementing a technical support </li></ul><ul><li>Providing material and financial support for TI : engineering et material means for everybody </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>To identify societal challenge </li></ul><ul><li>To solve conflicting injunctions for citizens, to allow them being both informed and warned about new issues </li></ul>