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Chuinti13 economías de los bc y agricultura urbana

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Economy of common goods and Logic of cooperatives and procommons in agrialimentary context: Ángel Calle

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Chuinti13 economías de los bc y agricultura urbana

  1. 1. XII Annual Conference on Territorial Intelligence, 21st-22nd November 2013, (C3IT-UHU) Cooperative and common logics within the food and agriculture sector Ángel Calle Collado angel.calle@uco.es University of Cordoba Institute of Sociology and Rural Studies Instituto de Sociología y Estudios Campesinos (ISEC) Universidad de Córdoba
  2. 2. Emergentphenomena Limits Legitimacies Climate change Post-Fossil era Megalopolis Food crisis Politic disaffection City and Wellness New actors Production and consume networks Urban agriculture 15 M Institute of Sociology and Rural Studies Instituto de Sociología y Estudios Campesinos (ISEC) Universidad de Córdoba
  3. 3. Impacts that grow in the global food and agriculture system Dispersed cities Universal architecture and tastes Kilometric foods Big distributors Global “satisfactors” Fragile and far from the citizens Big chemical supplies agriculture and loss of biodiversity Delocation of social and economic relationships Consume as an identity
  4. 4. Overview of the resources management issue: The government of common goods Critic to the liberal profecies about the drama of common goods. For them: • Nothing is sustainable without assignation and private benefit • The Government can impose rules but they are unefficient • There is no possibility of having collective economic institutions According to ElinorOstrom(page 13): The collective management of resources would involve that local users have agreements on: Limit definition, Conflict resolution mechanisms, Monitoring plans, Suitable graded sanctions And their own rules regarding other design principles OTHER ISSUES: Self-diagnosis, bottom-up nested organizations, ¿political and cultural context?
  5. 5. Initiatives: More sustainable territories (Transition Towns) The post-fossil era arrives The relationship between country and city will change Forced energetic relocations and transitions Create communities to close the circles of needs and resources Small cities or towns: communitarian, politic and economic reorganization Soft technologies, endogenous resources The trend will be self-sufficiency → Political ecologism, degrowth, post-development Communitarian uses Institute of Sociology and Rural Studies Instituto de Sociología y Estudios Campesinos (ISEC) Universidad de Córdoba
  6. 6. Initiatives: More sustainable territories Agroecology and food sovereignty Local agriculture and food systems Rethink about the essential needs from cities: agroalimentarymunicipalization Public politics, social crops and planning of an agroecologic transition Close bottom-up circles Rosario,Havana, Montevideo: distribution of 70% vegetables: Markets and social consume through a network of vegetable gardens Brazil: direct selling, SPG, Organizations that support local consume Purchase Law: 30% local (and organic) for social programs Spain: 6.000 personas consume cooperatives, ¿agricultural ecologic parks? → Consume review; kilometric foods, rethink essential needs, participation Institute of Sociology and Rural Studies Instituto de Sociología y Estudios Campesinos (ISEC) Universidad de Córdoba
  7. 7. CommonGoods Economies Social Markets COOPERATIVE WORK SELFMANAGEMENT SOCIO-CULTURAL SPACE SYSTEMS TO GUARANTEE PARTICIPATION PROSUMERS DOMESTIC DEMOCRACY TERRITORY
  8. 8. Employment, Economy→ Human needs Network, participation → Social democratixation, access, labour Environmental goods→ Sustainability, Territory Cooperative goods→ Socioeconomic institutions
  9. 9. Social economies and Common Goods economies Gift economies Cooperative circulation Supportive and caring economy Common Goods Economies Collaborative Consume High metabolism Popular Populares (informal) Market cooperatives Pillaging economies Autoritay circulation Communitarian uses Sustainability Territory
  10. 10. Social economies and Common Goods economies Gift economies *Feminist economy (Quiroga, Yayo H.) Cooperative circulation *Gift Economy *Supportive economies(Coraggio) Supportive and caring economy Common Goods Economies Collaborative Consume High metabolism *Caillé, French School Popular Populares (informal) *Feminist breaking economies(Orozco) *Social and cooperative economies (Riech, Negri) *Local economies *Degrowth *New social cooperativism Market cooperatives Communitarian uses *Ostrom *Ecs Superv (Shiva) *Ecs Indígenas (Núñez) *Transition cities *Coraggio, Guerra Marques, Singer, Latin American School Pillaging economies Authoritarian circulation Sustainability Territory
  11. 11. Activity Employment Democratization Environmental goods Cooperative goods La Tejedora, CO Social market 4 employments y 2 volunteers 20 people in comissions Network of producers and artisans Assambly of150 partners Espacio de autogestión social Regulación consensuada de precios Local production, mostly ecologic Work with related cooperatives Opening of a market in the city centre. Ballroom for cultural and political activities. Red ProductoresConsumidores, CO Comercialization Volunteers in 6 groups, organising 60 people and 20 producers Certificación social de la cadena de comercialización según criterios de proximidad y ambientales Asamblea Priority to local and ecologic consumption Availability of an exchange space La Acequia, CO Agroecologic cooperative 1 employment Volunteer in tasks and cooperative management Grupos que se organizan a través de una asamblea de enlace Selfconsume circuit, ecologic production, recovery of seeds Disponibilidad de un espacio de autogestión para circuitos de cortos de producción y consumo Som Energía, grupos de Andalucía Renewable energies Partners cooperative Asamblea general, comisiones de trabajo y grupos locales de difusión Renewable energies sources Cooperation conditions between producers and consumers for the development of clean energies Guifi.net, SE Telecom operator Dinamizing nucleus, there is Foundation Proyecto colaborativo, personas e instituciones Open network for linkbuildin on the Internet Goteo.org (Andalucía) Financiation, crowdfunding Dinamizing nucleus Participación directa en el apoyo a proyectos que se ofertan vía internet Access to direct credits through projects on the Internet Prosumers
  12. 12. Employment is not the same as before…. Employment is more and more: *Dispersion: delocation, outsourcing, uncontrolled autonomy *Increasing precarity: insecurities and anxieties in work; working poor *Elitization: in benefits, control, unemployment; development of unsocial techonologies need for employability *Destruction: intensive in materials, energies, territorial impacts *Invisibilization: employment demands working in cares that remains hiden, out of social and environmental rights. *Saturation: We buy all the time, we are connected, we relate ourselves within the market *Dehumanization: corrosion in links, production of superfluous things and relations which don’t satisfy human needs. Castillo y otros 2013, Sennet 2000, Orozco 2006, Sassen 2007, Riechmann 2013
  13. 13. How employment could be? Proposals and practices Common goods economies Degrowth Beyond consume Beyond income Desmercantilizar Essential needs Another employment Basic income Socioeconomical rights Beyond employment Beyond the neoliberal state 21 hours Promote social economies Recognise caring works
  14. 14. Common goods economies are the result of: UNDESIRABLE NEW CONTEXTS ‘SATISFACTORS’ CRISIS Saturated civilization Global neoliberal Economic crisis Fragmented/ing unsustainable Employment and territorial designs Economy contradict welfare „Old politics‟ vs new social cooperativism Difussion NTIC
  15. 15. Croops, economies and social movements: Challenges Little green islands Little red stove (Scale) (intensity) Black holes (impact)
  16. 16. “Wecan't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them” Albert Einstein Thank you! Ángel Calle Collado angel.calle@uco.es Comunaria.net Common goods and sustainable economies

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