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Infinitives1.16

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Infinitives1.16

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Infinitives1.16

  1. 1. Infinitives
  2. 2. How Infinitives Function in a Sentence <ul><li>Infinitives and infinitive phrases function in one of three ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adverb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjective </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Infinitive Phrases as Nouns <ul><li>Infinitive phrases can function as a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>If the phrase functions as a noun, it will be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>direct object </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>predicate nominative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>object of the preposition. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Infinitive Phrases as Subjects <ul><li>First, isolate the infinitive phrase; </li></ul><ul><li>then ask the following question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What? + verb = subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To prevent a wreck requires being alert. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To purchase the dog today would be a mistake. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Infinitives as Direct Objects <ul><li>First isolate the infinitive phrase. </li></ul><ul><li>Then find the subject and the verb in the main sentence and then ask the question: </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + verb + what? = direct object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The boys wanted to drive the family car to Bristol, Tennessee. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Infinitives as Predicate Nominatives <ul><li>Subject + linking verb + what? = Predicate Nominative </li></ul><ul><li>His primary goal is to prepare for the exam </li></ul><ul><li>His original plan was to hit the snake with a club. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Infinitives as Objects of the Preposition <ul><ul><li>He was about to leave the room when the phone rang. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The child did nothing except scream at the top of the stairs. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Infinitives with Subjects <ul><ul><li>He wants me to attend the meeting on Wednesday. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The coach wanted the quarterback to throw the wide receiver a short pass. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Summary <ul><li>Infinitives function as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nouns (sub, do, op, pn) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbs ( tell “why?” or come after a pa) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjectives (tell “which one?” or “what kind?” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This powerpoint presentation was designed to show how infinitives or infinitive phrases function as nouns </li></ul>
  10. 10. Summary <ul><li>Infinitives can be used with gerunds and participles and other infinitives: </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor’s orders to stop smoking was difficult to do. </li></ul><ul><li>The father wanted to watch his son play football. </li></ul><ul><li>Wishing to avoid an argument Debra left the room. </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to pet the dog lying on the floor. </li></ul>

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