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2008 Sustainable Packaging Alliance Lca Wine Industy Forum


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2008 Sustainable Packaging Alliance Lca Wine Industy Forum

  1. 1. Sustainable Packaging Alliance Towards Packaging Sustainability Wine Industry forum August 7 2008 Glenn Di-Mauro Hayes RMIT – Centre for Design SPA is supported by:
  2. 2. The Sustainable Packaging Alliance • Informal arrangement since 2002 - RMIT Centre for design - Birubi Innovation - VU Packaging & Polymer research unit • Not for profit company established Nov 07 - Provider and developer of PIQET - Capabilities provided through contracts • Focal point to facilitate continuous improvement in packaging sustainability • Towards Packaging Sustainability
  3. 3. The Sustainable Packaging Alliance CREATE STRATEGY the Vision for Change Technology Research, Technical & Transfer Development & Innovation Impact Demonstration Innovation Support Education BUILD Continuous Develop & Capability & Improvement in Design FACILITATE Packaging TOOLS Innovation Sustainability Towards Packaging Sustainability
  4. 4. The Centre for Design provides research, services and products to help achieve positive design for sustainability outcomes. 4 main project areas: •Sustainable Built Environments •Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) •Sustainable Products and Packaging •Climate change and social context CfD activities: Sustainability/Eco-design decision support Research & product development Training & professional development Publications & tools Life cycle assessments Social context, change, behaviour, evaluation Towards Packaging Sustainability
  5. 5. CfD Objectives • Conduct new research into design and social context for ecologically sustainable outcomes • Develop and demonstrate new design strategies, decision support tools and processes aimed at improving the environmental performance of products, built environments and services • Assist industry to design and use greener products, buildings and services and to develop more strategic environmental directions • Advise government agencies on policy and programs to reduce environmental impacts through design • Explore new concepts, scenarios, actions, strategies and policies for a sustainable future; and • Maintain a national and international network of research and information exchange in environmental assessment and design. Towards Packaging Sustainability
  6. 6. Various deliverables 2002-7 – Consulting reports for various clients – 25 Peer-reviewed conference papers – 19 Peer-reviewed journal articles – 16 Books and chapters – 43 other scholarly works and significant research reports – 5 PhD scholarships Towards Packaging Sustainability
  7. 7. Sustainability issues • Fluctuation in product demand • Cost/availability of raw materials (flow on effect to customers) • Changes in climate/water • Mandatory regulations or changes to • Packaging availability, pricing & substitution Towards Packaging Sustainability
  8. 8. Sustainable practices • Alternative energy sources (eg. solar) • Cover crops/green manure crops • The right time to harvest • Recycled bottles & eco-friendly inks • Pulp instead of styrofoam shippers Towards Packaging Sustainability
  9. 9. Important…. • There is far more environmental impact in the product than the packaging • The quality of the product is paramount Towards Packaging Sustainability
  10. 10. Life cycle perspective Towards Packaging Sustainability
  11. 11. Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) For each step in the life cycle (unit process) Emissions to air Raw materials Products Fuels By-products Energy Waste Emissions to water/soil Towards Packaging Sustainability
  12. 12. Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) For each step in the life cycle (unit process) Emissions to air (tonnes) Suppliers Customers Transport Raw materials (tonnes) Transport Products (tonnes) Fuels (tonnes + GJ) By-products (tonnes) Energy (GJ) Waste treatment Waste (tonnes) Transport Emissions to water/soil (tonnes) Towards Packaging Sustainability
  13. 13. Benefits of LCA • The largest benefit of undertaking any LCA is ultimately revealing what is behind the product. • Life cycle thinking is the only rational approach for evaluating environmental decisions – including only parts of the product system risks shifting problems rather than solving them Towards Packaging Sustainability
  14. 14. Drivers for life cycle thinking • Increasing environmental awareness • To consume less and be more efficient with resources • To reduce pollution (emissions and waste) • To move beyond compliance and to innovate • A tool to help is life cycle assessment (LCA) • A tool to help streamline the process and give clear outcomes is… Towards Packaging Sustainability
  15. 15. PIQET PIQET Packaging Impact Quick Evaluation Tool Towards Packaging Sustainability
  16. 16. What is PIQET? Rapid tool for environmental impact assessment of packaging systems Business ready Internationally accepted Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies Easy to use Packaging specific Towards Packaging Sustainability
  17. 17. Development of PIQET • Commenced in October 2004, • Excel version 2006, Web version 2007 • Developed by the Sustainable Packaging Alliance ( – Centre for Design, RMIT University – Birubi Innovation – Packaging and Polymer Research Unit, Victoria University • Web programming by WSP Environmental Towards Packaging Sustainability
  18. 18. Development of PIQET • Company sponsors • Government grants Towards Packaging Sustainability
  19. 19. Business ready Idea generation Web-accessed Idea screening Integrates into existing NPD and Concept development Packaging Design processes & testing 15-30 minute turnaround Business analysis Simple reports Beta testing & marketing testing Technical implementation Commercialisation Towards Packaging Sustainability
  20. 20. What is PIQET? • An independent and scientifically based tool for undertaking rapid, high quality, environmental impact assessments of packaging • Allows conversion of complex life cycle and environmental data into simple reporting outputs • Analyses new packaging systems • Explores improvement options on current designs • Capacity to benchmark packaging designs over time • Builds awareness and training within organisations • Helps support NPC and ECoPP reporting Towards Packaging Sustainability
  21. 21. Indicators of environmental impact (from life cycle assessment) Climate change (kg CO2 equivalent) Cumulative energy demand (MJ low heat value) Depletion of mineral resources and fossil fuels (MJ surplus) Photo-oxidation (kg C2H2 equivalent) Eutrophication (kg PO4 equivalent) Land use (Ha) Water use (kL) Solid waste (kg) Towards Packaging Sustainability
  22. 22. Business ready Comparison graphic reports Towards Packaging Sustainability
  23. 23. Business ready Comparison graphic reports Towards Packaging Sustainability
  24. 24. Life Cycle Assessment Mimics the life System boundary 1. Raw material cycles of extraction packaging 2. Packaging material manufacture Developed using Electrcity generation 3. Packaging material converting case studies Fossil fuels extraction and refining 4. Empty packaging transport to filler Validated with 5. Filling of packaging SimaPro 6. Packaging transport from filler to retailer Currently 7. Disposal of Australian packaging inventory data Waste to energy (incineration) Landfill Composting Recycling Towards Packaging Sustainability
  25. 25. Easy to use Menu driven Limited data to be entered Default data generation On-line help Rapid generation of new scenarios Easy copy function Towards Packaging Sustainability
  26. 26. Packaging specific Reports specific packaging environmental indicators Links to ACOR to check compatibility Australian National Packaging Covenant data provision and capture Assists ECOPP compliance Towards Packaging Sustainability
  27. 27. Packaging specific KPI numbers 1 Packaging material by type, product/packaging ratio 2 Energy and water consumption 3 Improvements in design, manufacturing etc - in design brief section 4 Report changes to protection, shelf life etc) - in tables and graphs in report 5 Average annual % of PCR in material types 19 Improvements in consumer knowledge - labelling section Towards Packaging Sustainability
  28. 28. Using PIQET Puts environmental data alongside market and financial data in business decision-making Allows continuous assessment of packaging designs – concept to launch Identifies strategies to improve sustainability along the supply chain Enables continuous auditing and benchmarking of existing designs Provides an easy tool for training, communication and change management Towards Packaging Sustainability
  29. 29. Brief examples • Glass bottle v. PET bottle v. HDPE bottle - raw material, energy, transport, eol - size, packing efficiency - transport specifics, product protection • Glass jar v. pet jar - corrugated tray with overwrap - single wrap around carton Towards Packaging Sustainability
  30. 30. Future Developments • Ongoing material and converting data updates • Bridging packaging design and PIQET • Returnable packaging • Shelf life • Filling Operation • Country/Region specific requirements Towards Packaging Sustainability
  31. 31. Using PIQET in your business • Who will use PIQET? • When will PIQET be used? • How will it be implemented? Towards Packaging Sustainability
  32. 32. Heinz – sustainability targets The eight specific goals set by Heinz for 2008-2015: • Reducing energy consumption by 20% through the use of alternative sources • Reducing packaging by 15% through introduction of alternative packaging materials and reduction of existing packaging materials • A 10% transport reduction through improved efficiency of the distribution network • A commitment to source at least 15% of energy requirements through renewables Towards Packaging Sustainability
  33. 33. Heinz – sustainability targets • In agriculture, a 15% carbon footprint reduction, a 15% water usage for crops reduction, an improvement of yields by 5% through using hybrid tomato seeds that require less water, pesticide, fertilizer & fuel to harvest • A 20% reduction in total water use through improved sanitation techniques & reuse • A 20% reduction in solid waste through increased recycling & waste reuse • A commitment to educate employees about the benefits of living & working in a more sustainable manner. Towards Packaging Sustainability
  34. 34. PIQET – Further information Access via: • Subscriptions (turnover based) • SPA services (project based) • SPA workshops (one-off) Contact: Dr Leanne Fitzpatrick tel: (03) 9791 5888 email: Towards Packaging Sustainability
  35. 35. Sustainable Packaging Alliance Towards Packaging Sustainability Wine Industry forum August 7 2008 Glenn Di-Mauro Hayes RMIT – Centre for Design SPA is supported by: