The agricultural sector is amongst the most important sectors for Tanzanian economic development. The sector is dominated by smallholder farmers. It employs 75% of Tanzanians and produces an average of 95% of the national food demand. In 2012, the sector contributed 26.8% of the GDP. Generally, the effects of Climate Change on the Tanzanian agricultural sector include: reduced crop yield due to drought and floods leading to increased risks of food shortage and famine; change in planting dates of annual crops; reduced water availability due to frequent drought spells, decrease in forest area and area for cultivation; increased temperatures; increased exposure to vector-borne and water-borne diseases etc. When it comes to climate variability, it is small-scale farmers who are hit first and hardest by climate change.
This analysis of Kilosa and Chamwino District Councils District Agricultural Development Plans (DADPs) for 2010/2011, 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 was carried out in order to provide recommendations on how DADPs can address climate change adaptation and mitigation in relation to small-scale farmers. In accomplishing this analysis, review was made to the said DADPs documents for the two districts as well as two field visits for Focus Group Discussions in two villages one in Kilosa District and the other in Chamwino District. Other relevant documents were also reviewed to make it possible to provide useful insights to respond to the requirements of the analysis.