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00 logistics zhu

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00 logistics zhu

  1. 1. Computer Organizationand ArchitectureBackground andLogisticsYanmin Zhuyzhu@cs.sjtu.edu.cn
  2. 2. Top 10 Significant Inventions in theRecent Half Century• 1. Computer • 6. Color TV• 2. Internet • 7. Credit Card• 3. Mobile Phone • 8. Email• 4. Satellite • 9. Prophylactic• 5. Rice • 10. Laser Source: 中新网
  3. 3. Variety of Computers Mobile PhoneServer Desktop Notebook PadPrinter Router Supercomputer Plane Cluster Car Wireless Router
  4. 4. Classes of Computers• Desktop computers —General purpose, variety of software —Subject to cost/performance tradeoff• Server computers —Network based —High capacity, performance, reliability —Range from small servers to building sized• Embedded computers —Hidden as components of systems —Stringent power/performance/cost constraints
  5. 5. The Processor Market embedded growth >> desktop growth
  6. 6. Evolvement of computer systemsPetaflopTeraflopGigaflop 6
  7. 7. TOP500, Nov. 2010
  8. 8. Tian-He, No 1• Ranked No. 1 in Nov. 2010.• Peak performance:4.7 Petaflops• 1-day’s Computation equals 620-year’s computation of an average desktop computer• 2PB storage• 4000 KW• size — 140 Racks, 1.45m*1.2m*2m — Line up in 13 rows — 700 square meters — Weighing 160 tons
  9. 9. Jaguar, No. 2• Peak performance: 2.33 Petaflops• # of Processors: 37,376• Total memory: 299 TB• Storage: 10 Petabytes
  10. 10. Roadrunner “走鹊” 新墨西哥州州鸟 Los Alamos National Laboratory No 1 as of November 2009 133 Million US Dollars
  11. 11. Performance Development
  12. 12. 1999-2009 Performance Development 1200000 1000000Spped (G Flops) 800000 600000 400000 200000 0 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 时间
  13. 13. Architectures
  14. 14. Chip Technology
  15. 15. Installation Types
  16. 16. TOP500, 2009
  17. 17. TOP500
  18. 18. Supercomputing in China “天河”、“银河” “曙光”、“神威”、“深腾”等2009, TOP500, Drowning 5000Ais Ranked No. 15
  19. 19. Sensor Node • Three Radio capabilities Processor —Information sensing —Data Sensing Interface processing —Packet transmission Light • Resource constrained Power Supply Unit —Limited memory Accelerator —Powered by Temperature Humidity battery
  20. 20. Wireless Sensor Networks Gateway Sensor Node Users Internet A network of tiny sensor nodes closely coupled with the physical world 20
  21. 21. Deployment in coal mine tunnels Reliable Routing Multi-Sink Deployment Energy Geocasting Efficiency DataLocation Sensing Aggregation WSN PrototypeID Assignment Compression Event Detection
  22. 22. Internet of Things (物联网)通过射频识别(RFID)、红外感应器、全球定位系统、激光扫描器等信息传感设备,按约定的协议,把任何物品与互联网连接起来,进行信息交换和通讯,以实现智能化识别、定位、跟踪、监控和管理的一种网络。
  23. 23. 感知中国• 2009年8月7日,温家宝总理视察无锡,提出 “在激烈的国际竞争中,在无锡加快建立中国 的感知中国中心”• 物联网在工业、农业、电力、交通、物流、环 保、水利、安保、家居、教育、医疗、园区等 领域“感知”系列物联网应用示范项目
  24. 24. Reflection • What do different computers share and differ in? • How can we continuously improve computer performance? • How do different components work together? • What are tradeoffs between performance and cost? 24
  25. 25. Course Description and Goal Capacity Speed Price (memory) (CPU) IBM7030 128KB 1.2 MIPS US$13,500,000 (Stretch)1961 Desktop 2G (typical) 3000 MIPS US$800 2010Understand the unprecedented innovations in computers!What have been making computers faster and cheaper? And howto continue the innovations?50 years of non-stop innovation – a technologicalmiracle!
  26. 26. Course InformationComputerOrganization andArchitecture —Credits: 4 Venue and Time —Hours: 68 • Wedesday —1st week to 17th week•Course Website: • Friday —http://grid.sjtu.edu.cn/yz • 3 -4 class rd th hu/courses/orgarc_11sprin g/ • 下院109
  27. 27. Instructor• Yanmin Zhu: Associate Professor —Wireless Sensor Networks, Ad Hoc Networks, Vehicle Ad Hoc Networks, Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing —Distributed and Parallel Systems,, and Policy- based Management for Distributed Systems• Contact —Web: http://grid.sjtu.edu.cn/yzhu —Email: yzhu@cs.sjtu.edu.cn —Mobile: 135 2442 1842 —电院5号楼东A303“973 WSN Research Lab”
  28. 28. Textbook• Computer Organization and Architecture Designing for Performance (7th ed.)• 计算机组织与结构—性能设计( 第七版 影印版) —William Stallings• 高等教育出版社• Price: ¥55.00• Available at the Department. You can borrow one from there
  29. 29. Internet Resources• http://WilliamStallings.com /COA/COA7e.html — links to sites of interest — links to sites for courses that use the book — errata list for book — information on other books by W. Stallings• http://WilliamStallings.com /StudentSupport.html — Math — How-to — Research resources — Misc
  30. 30. Reference Books• Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface, 4th Edition, David A. Patterson, John L. Hennessy• Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, 4th Edition, John L. Hennessy, David A. Patterson
  31. 31. Course Grading• Examinations —Mid-term exam (20%) —Final exam (40%)• Quizzes (20%)• Project (10%)• Homeworks (10%)

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