Unit 2


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Simple present Wh-Questions with Do or Does and Time Expressions

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Unit 2

  1. 1. Unit 2 How do you spend your day? Ceci M.P. 2008
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Simple present Wh-questions and statements </li></ul><ul><li>Time expressions: at, in, on, around, early, late, until, before and after. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Simple present Wh-questions and statements <ul><li>What do you do ? I ´m a student, and I have a </li></ul><ul><li> part-time job </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you work ? I work at/in a restaurant </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you go to school? I go to the University of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Where does Andrea work ? She works at Thomas Cook Travel </li></ul><ul><li>What does she do ? She´s a guide. She takes people </li></ul><ul><li>on tours </li></ul><ul><li>How does she like it? She loves it </li></ul>
  4. 4. Do or does?? Do is plural , and is used with the first person (I) as an exception, and with You, We and They. Does is singular , and is used with He, She or It.
  5. 5. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I work in a hospital </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You work in a school </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She works in a restaurant </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He works in a travel agency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It works </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We work in a gas station </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They work in the Central Bank </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>I/You/We/They He/She/It </li></ul><ul><li>take takes </li></ul><ul><li>study studies </li></ul><ul><li>teach teaches </li></ul><ul><li>do does </li></ul><ul><li>go goes </li></ul><ul><li>have has </li></ul>In simple present we don’t need to do any change to the verb, but when referring to the third person of the singular, that is he, she or it , we need to add an ‘s’ at the end of the verb. Sometimes that ‘s’ becomes ‘es’.
  6. 6. -S or -ES? <ul><li>With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -S. However, with some verbs, you need to add -ES or change the ending a little. Here are the rules: </li></ul><ul><li>Verb ending in... How to make the 3rd person singular Example </li></ul><ul><li>s Add -ES He passes </li></ul><ul><li>z Add -ES She dozes </li></ul><ul><li>sh Add -ES She wishes </li></ul><ul><li>ch Add -ES He watches </li></ul><ul><li>consonant + y Change Y to I, then add –ES It flies </li></ul><ul><li>[anything else] Add -S He sings </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1. Practice the end of the next verbs in the third person of the singular for the simple present (-s or –es) <ul><li>Catch ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Come ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Eat ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Fly ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Keep ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Love ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Make ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Meet ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Pay ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Teach ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Think ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Swim ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Wake ______ </li></ul><ul><li>Write ______ </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2. Practice with the use of the simple present. <ul><li>What do you do ? </li></ul><ul><li>I’m a Student. I study Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Ohh, Psychology.. and where _____ you ______ to School? At the UNITEC, UDEM or UANL?? </li></ul><ul><li>Well, I ________ to the School of Psychology, in the UANL. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve heard that is the best one… How ____ you ________ your classes? </li></ul><ul><li>I _______ them. </li></ul><ul><li>Which is your favorite subject? </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite subject is ___________. </li></ul><ul><li>Wow, that sounds interesting... Tell me, Are you analyzing me?? </li></ul><ul><li>Ha ha ha ha, No… don’t worry… I’m just in the second semester. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Time expressions <ul><li>At, on, in, around, early, late, until, before and after. </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>At On In </li></ul><ul><li>A time a day or date a period of time </li></ul><ul><li>At 6:45 on Monday in the morning </li></ul><ul><li>At the right time on 1st June in January </li></ul><ul><li>on the first day in the spring </li></ul><ul><li>in 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: We write:… on 1st June </li></ul><ul><li> We said:… “on the first of June” </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>For more info about the use of these prepositions go to: </li></ul><ul><li>http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/esl/eslprep2.html </li></ul>In this Unit, we use: At + times of day; night I have a party at night In + parts of day (except night) I go to school in the morning , because in the afternoon I work. On+ days of the week I have to go to a Orchestra concert on Saturday
  11. 11. Vocabulary Days Months <ul><li>Monday January </li></ul><ul><li>Tuesday February </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday March </li></ul><ul><li>Thursday April </li></ul><ul><li>Friday May </li></ul><ul><li>Saturday June </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday July </li></ul><ul><li>August </li></ul><ul><li>September </li></ul><ul><li>October </li></ul><ul><li>November </li></ul><ul><li>December </li></ul><ul><li>Stations of the year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 3. Try to practice with the use of time expressions. Put at, in, on, around, early, late, until, after or before in the correct place. <ul><li>My week begins ____ Monday ____ 7:00 a.m. with the classes of Psychology ___ the University. They’re mad… seven o’clock is too_________ to begin a day. If I don’t go to bed ________ I’m always __________ for school. I take the bus_________ 6:00 a.m, and arrive to class just ________ it starts… Well, this happens everyday _________ Saturday… which is the day I wake up ___________ noon. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bibliography <ul><li>Multilevel English Grammar Programme1 </li></ul><ul><li>by John Shepherd </li></ul><ul><li>Interchange. Teacher´s Book 1 </li></ul><ul><li>by Jack C. Richards with Jonathan Hull and Susan Proctor </li></ul>