Unit 15. Lilia


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Future with present continuous and be going to and messages with tell and ask

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Unit 15. Lilia

  1. 1. Unit 15 I’m going to a soccer match Future with present continuous and be going to Messages with tell and ask Lilia Rev. Ceci 2008
  2. 2. Future with present continuous <ul><li>With present continuous </li></ul><ul><li>What are you doing tonight? </li></ul><ul><li>I’m going to a soccer match. </li></ul><ul><li>Are you doing anything tomorrow? </li></ul><ul><li>No, I’m not. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>With be going to + verb </li></ul><ul><li>What is she going to do tomorrow? </li></ul><ul><li>She ´s going to work until five. </li></ul><ul><li>Are they going to go bowling? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, they are. </li></ul>Future with be going to
  4. 4. <ul><li>We use be going to + infinitive (and not will) to talk about future actions we’ve already decided on. </li></ul><ul><li>We use GOING TO when we are talking about desires or intentions. It’s similar to WANT TO, or INTEND TO. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>We also use GOING TO when we can see that something is going to happen, because there is evidence of it in the present. </li></ul><ul><li>We can also use GOING TO with GO. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I’m going to go to Greece next summer. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. How to know if I’m talking in present continuous or in future?? <ul><li>When we talk about future actions , we use some time expressions that give us the idea that the action is not happening at the moment of speaking (becuase it would be present continuous), but the action is going to take place later, in other moment … </li></ul><ul><li>Some time expressions we use to talk about future actions or plans are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tonight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tomorrow </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>on friday </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>this weekend </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>next week </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 1. Look at GOING TO in these sentences; two of them are correct and three are wrong. Tick (*) the correct ones, and rewrite the others. <ul><li>___ 1.- She ´s going to play tennis tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>___ 2.- I don’t going to wait for you; it’s late. </li></ul><ul><li>___ 3.- Are you going to go to the concert? </li></ul><ul><li>___ 4.- What you going to do next week? </li></ul><ul><li>___ 5.- Where you are going to park the car? </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2. Sue is very busy, and her boss, Jane Rainier, is impatient. Fill in Sue’s replies to her questions, using GOING TO etc. <ul><li>1.- Have you typed the report yet? </li></ul><ul><li>No, ______________________ (now). </li></ul><ul><li>2.- Have you done the accounting? </li></ul><ul><li>Not, yet, I _______________ (this afternoon). </li></ul><ul><li>3.- Have you bought the coffee and the biscuits? </li></ul><ul><li>No, I ____________________ (in my lunch hour). </li></ul><ul><li>4.- Have you posted those letters yet? </li></ul><ul><li>No, I _____________________ (after work). </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3. Jane has some more questions. Complete them. <ul><li>1.- When_____________ file all these papers? </li></ul><ul><li>Er, late this afternoon. </li></ul><ul><li>2.- When________________ tidy up your desk? </li></ul><ul><li>Er, I’ll try and do it tomorrow morning. </li></ul><ul><li>3.- When_______________ pay the telephone bill? </li></ul><ul><li>Er, tomorrow afternoon, if I can. </li></ul><ul><li>4.- And when______________ stop saying “er”? </li></ul><ul><li>Er, oops, sorry. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Messages with tell and ask
  11. 11. TELL Statement The meeting is on Friday <ul><li>Messages with a statement </li></ul><ul><li>Please tell Ann (that) the meeting is on Friday. </li></ul><ul><li>Could you tell her (that) the meeting is on Friday? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you tell her (that) the meeting is on Friday? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ask Request Call me this afternoon. <ul><li>Messages with a request </li></ul><ul><li>Please ask him to call me this afternoon. </li></ul><ul><li>Could you ask him to call me this afternoon? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you ask him to call me this afternoon? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>There is very little difference in the use of tell or ask. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask is more polite as asking for something is the same as requesting it, whereas telling someone to do something is the same as instructing or ordering them with a statement . </li></ul><ul><li>Notice that when you use ask, there is a verb of action. </li></ul><ul><li>Tell + person +(that)+ the statement. </li></ul><ul><li>Could you tell Ana (that) the concert begins at 9:00? </li></ul><ul><li>Ask + person + to + the request. </li></ul><ul><li>Please ask Diana to pick me up at the airport . </li></ul>When to use Tell or Ask
  14. 14. 4. Look at the messages slips. Ask someone to pass on these messages. <ul><li>Richard- </li></ul><ul><li>The meeting is at 11:00 </li></ul>Erick- Pick up your sister at the gym at 7:00 Lilia- Ben’s party is next Saturday Kenya- Clean up your room David- The dance performance is in the Theater Rosa- Your homework is incomplete, try to finish it
  15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>Interchange. Teacher´s Book 1 </li></ul><ul><li>by Jack C. Richards with Jonathan Hull and Susan Proctor </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar in Steps by David Bolton Noel Goodey </li></ul><ul><li>Multilevel English Grammar Programme by John Shepherd </li></ul>