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U5 Interchange 3


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noun phrases containing relative clauses; expectations & expressing emotions, asking for permission, describing expectations, giving advice/emphasizig a point, telling someone something surprising, expressing an opinion/ a feeling

U5 Interchange 3

  1. 1. Unit 5 Crossing cultures Noun phrases containing relative clauses and expectations Lic. Selene Rodríguez Lic. Norma Dzib January 20 2008
  2. 2. Noun phrases containing relative clauses As a subject As an object One thing (that) I’d really miss is my My mom’s cooking is one thing mom’s cooking. (that) I’d really miss. Something (that) I’d be nervous about Making new friends is something is making new friends. (that) I’d be nervous about. Two people (who/that) I’d e-mail My parents are the two people every day are my parents. (who/that) I’d e-mail every day.
  3. 3. PRACTICE <ul><li>Complete the sentences about living in a foreign country. Use the phrases below. </li></ul><ul><li>One thing I’d definitely be fascinated by is … </li></ul><ul><li>… is something I’d really miss. </li></ul><ul><li>Two things I’d be homesick for are… </li></ul><ul><li>… are two things I’d be anxious about. </li></ul><ul><li>Something that would depress me is … </li></ul><ul><li>… is one thing that I might be embarrassed about. </li></ul><ul><li>The most uncomfortable thing would be … </li></ul><ul><li>… is something from home that I’d never miss. </li></ul><ul><li>One thing I’d be insecure about is … </li></ul><ul><li>… are two things I’d be very enthusiastic about. </li></ul>my friends trying new foods making new friends getting lost in a new city my family my favorite food being away from home not understanding people getting sick my room at home speaking a new language getting used to a different culture
  4. 4. <ul><li>This is a relative clause: The man who came to dinner </li></ul><ul><li>Here are four kinds of relative clause. </li></ul><ul><li>The relative pronoun always refers to someone or something. </li></ul><ul><li>The relative pronoun refers to A PERSON, and is THE SUBJECT: </li></ul><ul><li>There is the man who / that came to se me </li></ul><ul><li>The relative pronoun refers to A PERSON, and is THE OBJECT: </li></ul><ul><li>There is the woman ( - ) I spoke to </li></ul><ul><li>We can use WHO or THAT, but it is also common to omit the relative pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>The relative pronoun refers to A “NON – PERSON”, and is THE SUBJECT: </li></ul><ul><li>This is the company that made most profit. </li></ul><ul><li>We can only use THAT in these sentences (or sometimes which) </li></ul><ul><li>D. The relative pronoun refers to A “NON – PERSON”, and is THE OBJECT </li></ul><ul><li>This is the company ( - ) I work for </li></ul><ul><li>We can use THAT, but it is also common to omit the relative pronoun </li></ul>
  5. 5. Relative clauses with who, which, that <ul><li>Read the conversation . Notice the usage of the relative clauses in the paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Bernard Thomas is from Cariacou, a small island which is a part of the West Indies. He´s come to Britain to live with a cousin who´s got a house in Leeds. His cousin´s telling him about the people who live in his street. </li></ul><ul><li>-‘You must meet Betty.’ </li></ul><ul><li>- ’Who´s Betty?. </li></ul><ul><li>-’She´s the one who looks like Margaret Thatcher.’ </li></ul><ul><li>- ‘Who´s Margaret Thatcher.’ </li></ul><ul><li>-She´s the woman who was the Prime Minister in the 80s. Betty´s very patriotic. She´s got a doorbell which plays the National Anthem when you press it! And then there´s Tom Marchant.’ </li></ul><ul><li>-‘ Who´s Tom Marchant?’ </li></ul><ul><li>-‘He´s the guy that used to play football for Manchester United. He´s the one who lives at number 23, the house that´s painted red and white.’ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who/That for people vs. Which/That for things <ul><li>He´s come you live with a cousin who´s got a flat in Leeds . </li></ul><ul><li>who´s got a flat in Leeds is a relative clause. A relative clause identifies a person or a thing . The clause who´s got a flat in Leeds identifies the cousin. </li></ul><ul><li>We use the relative pronoun who for people, and which for things. </li></ul><ul><li>She´s the one who looks like Margaret Thatcher. </li></ul><ul><li>a doorbell which plays the National Anthem </li></ul><ul><li>BUT we often use that instead of who and which . </li></ul><ul><li>She´s the one that looks like Margaret Thatcher. </li></ul><ul><li>a doorbell that plays the National Anthem </li></ul><ul><li>He´s the guy that(or who ) used to play football for Manchester United. </li></ul><ul><li>the house that´s ( or which is ) painted red and white </li></ul><ul><li>With people we use who more often than that </li></ul><ul><li>With things we use that more than which </li></ul><ul><li>Note: sometimes we must use who and which, not that. </li></ul><ul><li>It will depend if is defining or non defining. In non defining relative clauses we can´t leave out which and that. And we don’t use that in non-defining relative clauses. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PRACTICE
  8. 8. Expectations When you visit someone, it ’s the custom to bring a small gift you aren’t supposed to arrive early If you want to bring someone, you ’re expected to call first and ask you 're supposed to check with the host it ’s not acceptable to arrive without calling first
  9. 9. PRACTICE Match information in columns A and B to make sentences about customs in the United States and Canada. <ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>If you plan to visit someone at home, …… </li></ul><ul><li>If you’ve been to a friend’s home for dinner, … </li></ul><ul><li>When you have been invited to a wedding, … </li></ul><ul><li>When you go out on a date, ….. </li></ul><ul><li>If the service in a restaurant is good, … </li></ul><ul><li>When you meet someone for the first time, … </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>you’re supposed to call first. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re expected to leave a tip </li></ul><ul><li>you aren’t supposed to kiss him or her </li></ul><ul><li>you’re expected to respond in writing </li></ul><ul><li>it’s the custom to call and thank him or her </li></ul><ul><li>it’s acceptable to share the expenses </li></ul>
  10. 10. PRACTICE <ul><li>Complete these sentences with information about your country or a country you know well. </li></ul><ul><li>In ………., if people invite you to their home, …… </li></ul><ul><li>When you go out with friends for dinner, ………. </li></ul><ul><li>If a friend gets engaged to be married, ………. </li></ul><ul><li>When a relative has a birthday,……… </li></ul><ul><li>If a friend is in the hospital, ………. </li></ul><ul><li>When some one is going to have a baby,………. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Your Vocabulary Another way to talk about: People.- Adult/ grown – up, fellow/guy/bloke, girl/lass, boy/lad, child/kid, baby, toddler, teenager, adolescent. Nice.- Sweet, attractive, adorable, pretty, good-looking. Nasty.- Selfish, grumpy (grouchy), miserable, stupid, lazy, narrow-minded, cruel, aggressive, violent, rough, dishonest, mean, stingy, disloyal, bad-tempered, Ignorant, too clever by half, crazy, cynical, prejudiced, touchy, obstinate/stubborn, arrogant, proud, rude, ruthless, greedy, jealous, noisy. Neutral.- Absent-minded, forgetful, silly, shy, sentimental, emotional, sad, worried, nervous, scared/frightened, cheeky (fresh), naive, cunning/ crafty, quiet, noisy, lonely (lonesome).
  12. 12. Bibliography Richards, Jack C. Interchange Third Edition Cambridge University Press 2005 Shepherd, J. Multilevel English Grammar Programme Phoenix ELT 1996 Bolton , David and Goodey , Noel English Grammar in Steps Richmond Publishing 1996 Jones, Leo Ideas Teacher´s book Cambridge University Press 1994 Images