Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Psychoactive Drugs

1,558 views

Published on

Presentation of Psychoactive Drugs

Published in: Health & Medicine

Psychoactive Drugs

  1. 1. PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS Bryan Zachary Johnson
  2. 2. WHAT ARE PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS • Psychoactive Drugs- Drugs that alter the state of the brain (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • There are four types of psychoactive drugs (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Stimulants • Depressants • Narcotics • Hallucinogens http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psyc hoactive_drug
  3. 3. IMPORTANT TERMS TO KNOW • Physical Dependence- The user of a drug needs the drug to continue performing everyday activities (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Psychological Dependence- The user feels as if they need the drug to maintain emotional stability (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Withdrawal- symptoms experienced when the drug is removed (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Head Pain • Sickness • Pain • Cramping • Frustration • Tremors • High Blood Pressure http://uhpsych100.wikispaces.com /chapter+seven
  4. 4. STIMULANTS • Stimulants- Drugs that speed up the nervous system (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Amphetamines • Cocaine • Nicotine • Caffeine • Some stimulants are found in pain relievers (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Stimulants are highly addictive (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://old.wisconsinengineer.com/articles/126
  5. 5. DEPRESSANTS • Depressants- Psychoactive drugs that decrease the speed of the central nervous system (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Barbiturates (Major Tranquilizers) • Benzodiazepines (Minor Tranquilizers) • Alcohol • Highly Addictive (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Becomes very deadly with higher dosages (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://www.thefitnesstrain eracademy.org/2012/09/0 5/something-in-the-way
  6. 6. NARCOTICS • Narcotics- Psychoactive Drugs that eliminate pain by numbing the pain receptors (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • All narcotics are a resultant of Opium (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Morphine • Heroin • Pain seems worse when drug wears off (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Makes drug very addictive http://www.narcotics.com/effects/
  7. 7. HALLUCINOGENS: MANUFACTURED HIGHS • Manufactured Highs- Drugs created by man to alter the senses (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) • Phenyl Cyclohexl Piperidine (PCP) • MDMA (Ecstasy) • Drug causes poor decision making and becomes dangerous when user experiences bad trip (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MDMA
  8. 8. HALLUCINOGENS: NONMANUFACTURED HIGHS • Nonmanufactured Highs- Drugs that alter the senses that are found in nature (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Mescaline • Psilocybin • Marijuana • Often a part of religious and cultural rituals (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Similar to Manufactured Highs, danger comes with poor decision making and bad trips (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://hallucinogens.com/are- hallucinogens-addictive/
  9. 9. REFERENCES • Ciccarelli, S. K. & White, J. N. (2012) Psychology (3rd ed.). Pearson

×