Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga

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Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga

  1. 1. Eric Daniel Ananga University of Sussex
  2. 2. Key Messages <ul><li>Towards the Threshold: Push-Pull factors </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing Thresholds: Types of Dropout </li></ul><ul><li>Re-crossing threshold: Policy Implications </li></ul>
  3. 3. Toward the threshold: Push-Pull Poor Performance Irregular Attendance Repetition
  4. 4. STAGES IN THE PROCESS
  5. 5. Crossing the Threshold: Types of Dropout PERMANENT DROPOUT TEMPORARY DROPOUT EVENT DROPOUTS LONG-TERM DROPOUTS 7—17 YEARs OLD 7-17 YEARS OLD SPORADIC DROPOUTS UNSETTLED DROPOUTS SETTLED DROPOUTS
  6. 6. Re-Crossing the Threshold: Implications for Policy <ul><li>Supply Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility towards irregular attendees and dropouts—school level, and community level </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-grade teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative school programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible school hours </li></ul><ul><li>Programmes to suit physical mobility of children—mobile schools, flexible timetable   </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Demand Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening demand at the community level by providing incentives (take home rations) </li></ul><ul><li>Instituting measures to discourage usage of children’s labour </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging parents to get involved in their children’s education </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing problems arising from conflict between pupils and teachers </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Thanks </li></ul></ul>

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