CREATE presentation, Professor Keith Lewin

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CREATE presentation, Professor Keith Lewin

  1. 1. www.create-rpc.org Bangladesh, Ghana, India, South Africa China, Kenya, Malawi, Sri Lanka
  2. 3. CREATE Zones of Exclusion Mapping Appropriate Targets and Indicators?
  3. 4. Age and Enrolment
  4. 5. <ul><ul><ul><li>Zone 0 - children who are excluded from pre-schooling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zone 1 - children who have never been to school, and are unlikely to attend; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zone 2 - children who enter primary schooling but who drop out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zone 3 - children who enter primary but are “at risk” of dropping out because of irregular attendance, low achievement, repetition, and silent exclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zone 4 – children who fail to make the transition to secondary school grades </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zone 5 children who enter secondary but who drop out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zone 6 children who enter secondary but are “at risk” of dropping out because of irregular attendance, low achievement, repetition, and silent exclusion </li></ul></ul></ul>CREATE Zones of Exclusion
  5. 6. Zone Chart Silent Exclusion
  6. 7. Zone Chart Silent Exclusion
  7. 8. Zone Chart Silent Exclusion
  8. 9. Zone Chart Silent Exclusion
  9. 10. <ul><ul><ul><li>Sustained attendance not just enrolment (learning time) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On-schedule progression at appropriate ages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meaningful learning and appropriate achievement levels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate health and nutrition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate learning environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pedagogy / curriculum / teachers / facilities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonable access to subsequent levels of education </li></ul></ul></ul>Expanded Visions of Access to Basic Education and Signifiers of Improvement Access = Att + Age + Ach + Hn + Le (p + c+ t + lf ) +…
  10. 11. <ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty, equity and marginalisation of the poorest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over age enrolment and progression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health and nutritional status and participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Migration, sporadic attendance and time on task </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low levels of achievement and high levels of silent exclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public and private-for-profit schools and limits to growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costs, finance and capitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roles of development partners </li></ul></ul></ul>Some Key Issues
  11. 12. Some Key Messages <ul><ul><li>Silent exclusion – attendance, age in grade, achievement, migration, disability, social exclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drop out/drop in – crossing thresholds, locus of responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and nutrition – stunting, cognitive disadvantage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multigrade and small schools – positive pedagogy and size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financing – efficiency, effectiveness austerity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non state providers – role of State, limits to growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inequality – poverty, gender, location, health status, distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving monitoring and targeting – GERs, NERs, GPIs, survival rates et al </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political economy of EFA and drivers of changing patterns of access – balanced + sustainable growth, demography,recession </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. www.create-rpc.org Bangladesh, Ghana, India, South Africa China, Kenya, Malawi, Sri Lanka Overview of Key Ideas in CREATE Keith Lewin

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