Pubic and Low-Fee private Schooling in Ghana, Are the Poor Being Served? Luke Akaguri

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Pubic and Low-Fee private Schooling in Ghana, Are the Poor Being Served? Luke Akaguri

  1. 1. Public and Low-fee Private Schooling in Rural Ghana: Are the Poor Being Served? Luke A. Akaguri - University of Sussex
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>In Ghana, evidence suggest considerable progress in expanding access – gender and regional differences have narrowed but .... </li></ul><ul><li>... gaps in participation between the poor and non </li></ul><ul><li>poor and also between rural and Urban persist. </li></ul><ul><li>Key Message </li></ul><ul><li>Fee-free schooling should be driven by an </li></ul><ul><li>incentive structure that makes public schools </li></ul><ul><li>more accountable to local communities. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Food cost constitutes the most significant component of Household expenditure for both school types averaging about 45% and 29% of the costs per child per term for public and private schools respectively. Findings
  4. 4. A large proportion of poorest household’s income is spent on education – about 16% and 30% public and private respectively
  5. 5. What makes low fee private schools attractive to the poor? <ul><ul><li>Capitation has reduced the cost burden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Household friendly’ fee policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LFP schools operated with clear vision of improving learning outcomes – people perceive them to be of good quality. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Policy Messages <ul><li>The state should create an incentive structure that make public schools more accountable to local communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing school meals would reduce greatly reduce the costs burden of the poor </li></ul><ul><li>State to support LFPs to keep their cost low. </li></ul><ul><li>School mapping to include LFPs to understand their expansion and relative costs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Are the poor being served? <ul><li>Yes, to those who are dissatisfied with public schools and despite their poverty are looking for an alternative. </li></ul><ul><li>No, for those who cannot afford low-fee private schools and still find that the alternative (public schools) are not cost free even for the poorest quality they might offer. </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>

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