Iv Lectures Carlos


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These are Carlos Garcia's slides for the final project. They are on giving a presentation: rules.

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  • Serifs are non-structural details on the ends of some of the strokes that make up letters and symbols. In traditional printing serifed fonts are used for body text because they are easier to read than sans-serif fonts for this purpose. Sans-serif fonts are used for shorter pieces of text and subject matter requiring a more casual feel than the formal look of serifed types.
  • Iv Lectures Carlos

    1. 1. IV. How to improve your lectures and presentations Carlos Garcia, MD
    2. 2. In the form provided to you, please answer the following quizz before the presentation (3 min) <ul><li>List 3 characteristics of good lectures </li></ul><ul><li>List 3 characteristics of good/ effective slides </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast a good versus a bad lecturer </li></ul>
    3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Identify the characteristics of good lectures </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate knowledge of the characteristics of effective slides </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast a good versus a bad lecturer </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    4. 4. Group exercise Please work in pairs to answer the following question. You will have 2 minutes.
    5. 5. Can you list 3 reasons to give a lecture?
    6. 6. Some reasons to give a lecture <ul><li>Present personal research </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesize published knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Share personal/ anecdotal experience </li></ul><ul><li>You are invited to speak </li></ul><ul><li>You are forced to do it in residency </li></ul>
    7. 7. The bad lecture
    8. 8. #1 <ul><li>Lecturer rambles non-stop for an hour </li></ul><ul><li>He knows the topic but lacks enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>You are bored to deat h </li></ul>
    9. 9. #2 <ul><li>Lecturer with magnificent slides/ effects </li></ul><ul><li>Covers everything on a topic </li></ul><ul><li>You sleep after 20 minutes </li></ul>
    10. 10. #3 <ul><li>Lecturer with many anecdotes and cases </li></ul><ul><li>Unconnected to any theme </li></ul><ul><li>Just shows his experience </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing was useful to you </li></ul>
    11. 11. The good lecture
    12. 12. <ul><li>Organized </li></ul><ul><li>Brief </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiastic speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Topic is relevant </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exam </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Guidelines for lecture presentations
    14. 14. Principle #1 <ul><li>State learning objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviors expected after the presentation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Design your talk according to your objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Handouts are recommended </li></ul>
    15. 15. Bad objectives <ul><li>“ Today, I will”: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Review the pathophysiology of X </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Show you clinical cases of X </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about treatment of X </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Good objectives <ul><li>At the end of the lecture the audience will be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>List the different presentations of X </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implement a medical plan for X </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate therapeutic options for X </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Principle #2 <ul><li>Attract and maintain attention </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Clear statement of purpose (objectives) </li></ul><ul><li>Start by posing a question or dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>Attention span= 15-20 minutes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use questioning, brainstorming, and demonstrating </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Principle #3 <ul><li>Make only one or two major points </li></ul>
    20. 20. Principle #4 <ul><li>Make the organization clear </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Tell them what you are going to tell them </li></ul><ul><li>Then, tell them </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, tell them what you just told them </li></ul>
    22. 22. Principle #5 <ul><li>Use audio-visual aids that help, not hinder </li></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>Do not apologize for slides </li></ul><ul><li>People remember </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20% of what they hear </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>30% of what they see </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>50% of what they see and hear </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Questions or comments?
    25. 25. Characteristics of good slides
    26. 26. <ul><li>Legible </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>See/ hear compatible </li></ul>
    27. 27. Color schemes
    28. 28. Basic options Light background Dark text Dark background Light text
    29. 29. This is the best (blue background white or yellow text) <ul><li>Lecture is for teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Fancy is not necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity & legibility are key </li></ul>
    30. 30. Black text Blue text Yellow text Green text Light blue text Red text Very light blue text Light pink text
    31. 31. <ul><li>White text on blue background </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow text on blue background </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid black text on blue background </li></ul><ul><li>Some people are red an d green color blind </li></ul>
    32. 32. Font style and size
    33. 33. <ul><li>Serif </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohs for the nose (Palatino) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohs for the nose (Times New Roman) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohs for the nose(Courier new) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sans serif (recommended) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohs for the nose (Arial) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohs for the nose (Arial black) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohs for the nose (Tahoma) </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Headings and subheadings 36 Headings and subheadings 32 Headings and subheadings 28 Headings and subheadings 24
    35. 35. <ul><li>Body text and annotations 28 </li></ul><ul><li>Body text and annotations 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Body text and annotations 20 </li></ul>
    36. 36. Headings may be centered <ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul><ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul><ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul>
    37. 37. Headings may be left <ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul><ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul><ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul>
    38. 38. Headings may be right <ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul><ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul><ul><li>Textextextextext </li></ul>
    39. 39. Headline <ul><li>Body text should be left aligned </li></ul><ul><li>Body text should be left aligned </li></ul><ul><li>Body text should be left aligned </li></ul>
    40. 40. Headline <ul><li>Centered text is harder to comprehend </li></ul><ul><li>The start of the next line is difficult to locate </li></ul><ul><li>It’s too much work for the eye </li></ul>
    41. 41. Headline <ul><li>Right-aligned text is harder to comprehend </li></ul><ul><li>The start of the next line is difficult to locate </li></ul><ul><li>It’s too much work for the eye </li></ul>
    42. 42. Content and organization
    43. 43. <ul><li>RESIST THE TEMPTATION TO USE ALL CAPITAL LETTERS. IT MAKES COMPREHENSION HARDER BECAUSE ALL LETTERS ARE THE SAME HEIGHT. WE READ BY RECOGNIZING WORD SHAPES </li></ul><ul><li>Resist the temptation to use all capital letters. It makes comprehension harder because all letters are the same height. We read by recognizing word shapes. </li></ul>
    44. 44. Text color <ul><li>Beware of using too many colors </li></ul><ul><li>This can be very distracting </li></ul><ul><li>The eyes will be bouncing </li></ul>
    45. 45. Text color <ul><li>Single colors are more dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Underlie for emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>And/or increase font size </li></ul>
    46. 46. Avoid too many bullets and too many words per line
    47. 47. The surgical ellipse <ul><li>The ellipse is the most common excisional procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Usually performed under sterile conditions and local anesthesia using lidocaine1-2% with epinephrine 1:100,000 </li></ul><ul><li>There is consensus on the guidelines for designing adequate ellipses </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-marking skin with gentian violet </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delineating margins: 2mm for benign lesions, 5mm or more for malignant lesions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Length: width ratio 3-4:1 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>30-degree angles on tip </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    48. 48. <ul><li>Instead, follow the rule of “6” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum 6 bullets per slide, and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6 words per line </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Use diagrams instead of words </li></ul>
    49. 49. Surgical ellipse <ul><li>Sterile technique </li></ul><ul><li>Local anesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical margins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benign lesions 2mm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malignant lesions 5mm </li></ul></ul>
    50. 50. Standard abreviations are useful and appropriate
    51. 51. <ul><li>Post-op complications </li></ul><ul><li>MMS and MM </li></ul><ul><li>Excisional bx </li></ul>
    52. 52. Non-standard abbreviations are not appropriate
    53. 53. <ul><li>Postoper comp </li></ul><ul><li>Mohs mic sur and mal mel </li></ul><ul><li>Ex biop </li></ul>
    54. 54. Please work in pairs and make 3 suggestions to improve the following slide (2 min)
    55. 55. Some sobering statistics about our healthcare system <ul><li>Our current healthcare system incurs over $177 billion annually in mostly avoidable health care costs to treat adverse events from INAPPROPRIATE MEDICATION USE </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment of chronic disease costs the health care system over $1.3 trillion annually – diabetes alone is about $170 billion </li></ul><ul><li>* About 1/3 of patients who begin a drug regimen never refill the prescription </li></ul>
    56. 56. Things to avoid in your presentation
    57. 57. <ul><li>Too many animations </li></ul><ul><li>Too many jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Too many pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Too much information </li></ul>
    58. 58. The oral presentation
    59. 59. <ul><li>Calculate 1.5 slides for every minute of your talk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand rounds= 45 minutes= maximum 67 slides </li></ul></ul>
    60. 60. If you are nervous <ul><li>Take 1-2 deep breaths </li></ul><ul><li>Tense yourself up all over then relax </li></ul><ul><li>Know your opening lines to perfection </li></ul>
    61. 61. Start with memorized opening lines and posing a question or dilemma that lead to your presentation
    62. 62. <ul><li>State clearly if you welcome questions </li></ul><ul><li>Keep eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid unnecessary movements </li></ul>
    63. 63. <ul><li>Do not “read” from your slides </li></ul><ul><li>Use them as newspaper headlines </li></ul>
    64. 64. <ul><li>Dermatologic Surgery encompasses a wide variety of methods to remove or modify skin tissue for health or cosmetic benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>These methods provide high-quality, cost-effective skin surgery and include scalpel surgery, laser surgery, chemical surgery, cryosurgery (liquid nitrogen), electrosurgery, aspiration surgery, liposuction, injection of filler substances, and Mohs micrographic controlled surgery (a special technique for the removal of growths, especially skin cancers). </li></ul>
    65. 65. Instead, make 2 simpler slides
    66. 66. Dermatologic surgery <ul><li>Non cosmetic procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excisional surgery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional versus Mohs surgery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electrosurgery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cryosurgery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    67. 67. Dermatologic surgery <ul><li>Cosmetic procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical peels </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fillers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Botox </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lasers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liposuction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    68. 68. <ul><li>Average attention span is 15- 20’ </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Engage your audience </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pause or vary format every 15-20’ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blank slide </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    69. 69. How to end your lecture
    70. 70. <ul><li>Summarize your lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Ask if there are questions </li></ul><ul><li>Terminate session clearly </li></ul>
    71. 71. Questions or comments?
    72. 72. In the form provided to you, please answer the following quizz before leaving the room (3 min) <ul><li>List 3 characteristics of good lectures </li></ul><ul><li>List 3 characteristics of good/ effective slides </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast a good versus a bad lecturer </li></ul>
    73. 73. <ul><li>A medical educator will meet with you tomorrow at noon to get your feedback regarding this class. Lunch will be provided </li></ul><ul><li>Also, within the next 2 weeks, please e-mail Dr. Garcia 3 objectives that you intend to use in your next lecture or presentation </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>