Pre –Diabetes

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Pre –Diabetes

  1. 1. Pre –Diabetes from The Gathering Storm by Bonnie Lieberman in Annual Editions 05/06
  2. 4. Pre-Diabetes <ul><li>18 million Americans have Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>41 million Americans have pre-diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss and exercise this number </li></ul>
  3. 9. definition <ul><li>Fasting blood sugar > 100 mg./ml is pre- diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>>126 mg./ml is diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-diabetes is a risk in itself for CVD </li></ul><ul><li>Also, you will be diabetic within 5-10 years </li></ul>
  4. 10. Diet and exercise <ul><li>Less unhealthy fats </li></ul><ul><li>Less unhealthy carbs </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>More vegetables,beans, whole grains,nuts,unsaturated fats </li></ul><ul><li>Eat less </li></ul>
  5. 11. Why? <ul><li>Type 2 diabetics are insulin intolerant, not sensitive to insulin—resistant </li></ul><ul><li>Fat cells will produce hormones which cause resistance to insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to High BP, inflammation in vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Beta cells in pancreas make more insulin </li></ul><ul><li>You become less responsive to it! </li></ul>
  6. 12. Absorption of glucose
  7. 13. helpful <ul><li>Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>No smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy diet </li></ul>
  8. 14. Diabetes <ul><li>Damage in small blood vessels: eyes, toes, nerves, brain, kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Amputations </li></ul><ul><li>End stage kidney disease </li></ul><ul><li>blindess </li></ul><ul><li>Also heart attacks and strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Dimentia </li></ul>
  9. 15. test <ul><li>Blood sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>LDL cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>HDL cholesterol </li></ul>
  10. 16. Insulin binding

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