Child Support, Spousal Support and Alimony Pendente Lite Brian C. Vertz www.bvsource.com
 
Monster Support, Witch Support and Blood-Draining Spouses Brian C. Vertz www.bvsource.com
Jacob v. Shultz-Jacob , 923 A.2d 473 <ul><li>Two financially responsible parents (Mother and her partner) </li></ul><ul><l...
Jacob v. Shultz-Jacob , 923 A.2d 473 <ul><li>Mother sued Partner for child support </li></ul><ul><li>Partner attempted to ...
Mencer v. Ruch , 2007 Pa.Super.182 <ul><li>Brain-injured Father on welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Special needs trust establish...
Krankowski v. O’Neil , 207 Pa.Super.179 <ul><li>Autistic and mentally retarded child </li></ul><ul><li>Father civilian emp...
Reinert v. Reinert , 926 A.2d 539 <ul><li>Mother had partial custody of child </li></ul><ul><li>Mother engaged to be marri...
Grigoruk v. Grigoruk , 912 A.2d 311 <ul><li>Mother terminated from job due to willful misconduct, found lower-paying job <...
Gibbons v. Kugle , 908 A.2d 916 <ul><li>Private school tuition </li></ul><ul><li>No marital history; both children were pr...
Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Marital settlement agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wife waived child...
Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Modification of contractual support -  Roberts v. Furst </li></ul><u...
Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Trial Court: mortgage payments were part of property settlement </li...
Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Nurturing parent doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Imputed interest on gain...
Shields v. Shields , 927 A.2d 206 <ul><li>Allocatur  granted by Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Ney v. Ney , 917 A.2d 863  <ul><li>Father reduced his working hours and salary to become a full-time parent </li></ul><ul>...
Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125   <ul><li>2001 Marital Settlement Agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>incorporating...
Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125 <ul><li>Melzer  analysis: </li></ul>$ 7,795 (6,876) (10,134**) (7,387) Children...
Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125 <ul><li>Revised   Melzer  analysis: </li></ul>$ 8,194  [sic] (4,920) (  8,545) ...
Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125 <ul><li>Presumptive minimum guideline: $2,061 </li></ul><ul><li>Combined net in...
Robinson-Austin v. Robinson-Austin , 921 A.2d 1246 <ul><li>Settlement agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Father to pay child ...
Busse v. Busse , 921 A.2d 1248 <ul><li>Change in accounting method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From cash method to accrual metho...
Change in Accounting Method <ul><li>Cash method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue recognized when cash received </li></ul></ul...
Change in Accounting Method <ul><li>Change in Revenues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inventories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accoun...
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2007 PBI Family Law Update - Support

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Presented by Brian C. Vertz, Esq., MBA, AVA at Pennsylvania Bar Institute's 2007 Family Law Update in Pittsburgh and by satellite broadcast. Describes current issues in child support, spousal support and alimony pendente lite.

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  • 2007 PBI Family Law Update - Support

    1. 1. Child Support, Spousal Support and Alimony Pendente Lite Brian C. Vertz www.bvsource.com
    2. 3. Monster Support, Witch Support and Blood-Draining Spouses Brian C. Vertz www.bvsource.com
    3. 4. Jacob v. Shultz-Jacob , 923 A.2d 473 <ul><li>Two financially responsible parents (Mother and her partner) </li></ul><ul><li>Two children adopted by Mother </li></ul><ul><li>One child conceived by Mother with assistance of sperm donor </li></ul>
    4. 5. Jacob v. Shultz-Jacob , 923 A.2d 473 <ul><li>Mother sued Partner for child support </li></ul><ul><li>Partner attempted to join Father as an indispensable party </li></ul><ul><li>Trial court refused to join Father; reversed by Superior Court </li></ul>
    5. 6. Mencer v. Ruch , 2007 Pa.Super.182 <ul><li>Brain-injured Father on welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Special needs trust established after birth of child </li></ul><ul><ul><li>invested in income-producing annuity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Income from trust = income for support </li></ul><ul><li>Earning capacity </li></ul>
    6. 7. Krankowski v. O’Neil , 207 Pa.Super.179 <ul><li>Autistic and mentally retarded child </li></ul><ul><li>Father civilian employee of U.S. Dept. of Defense, stationed in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Trial court counted “living quarter allowance” and “post allowance” as income; affirmed by Superior Court </li></ul><ul><li>Nurturing parent doctrine </li></ul>
    7. 8. Reinert v. Reinert , 926 A.2d 539 <ul><li>Mother had partial custody of child </li></ul><ul><li>Mother engaged to be married, high risk pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Mother did not return to work; on welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Trial court applied nurturing parent doctrine; affirmed </li></ul>
    8. 9. Grigoruk v. Grigoruk , 912 A.2d 311 <ul><li>Mother terminated from job due to willful misconduct, found lower-paying job </li></ul><ul><li>Mother sought modification - child support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three year review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prior support order contained APL offset </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Earning capacity </li></ul>
    9. 10. Gibbons v. Kugle , 908 A.2d 916 <ul><li>Private school tuition </li></ul><ul><li>No marital history; both children were pre-school aged when parents separated </li></ul><ul><li>Post-separation, both kids attended public school </li></ul><ul><li>Trial court ordered children to parochial school; affirmed </li></ul>
    10. 11. Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Marital settlement agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wife waived child support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Husband agreed to pay family support and Wife’s mortgage (or substitute payment) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wife sought increase in child support </li></ul><ul><li>Husband attempted to enforce agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roberts v. Furst, 561 A.2d 802 (1989) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Modification of contractual support - Roberts v. Furst </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made without fraud or coercion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair and reasonable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No prejudice to the children’s welfare </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mortgage payment: support or property? </li></ul>
    12. 13. Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Trial Court: mortgage payments were part of property settlement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required to pay even if farm was sold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duration not associated with children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfettered discretion to spend money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When mortgage payments were excluded, the agreement was below guidelines </li></ul>
    13. 14. Kraisinger v. Kraisinger , 2007 Pa.Super. 197 <ul><li>Nurturing parent doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Imputed interest on gain from sale of farm </li></ul><ul><li>Loss on rental </li></ul><ul><li>Depreciation </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Fees </li></ul>
    14. 15. Shields v. Shields , 927 A.2d 206 <ul><li>Allocatur granted by Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modification of child support provisions of a marital settlement agreement where there is an unforeseen change in custody </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Ney v. Ney , 917 A.2d 863 <ul><li>Father reduced his working hours and salary to become a full-time parent </li></ul><ul><li>Mother attempted to prevent increase in her child support payment by arguing that Father voluntarily reduced his income and </li></ul>
    16. 17. Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125 <ul><li>2001 Marital Settlement Agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>incorporating an existing support order </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subsequent modification under guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>50/50 shared custody </li></ul><ul><li>Now combined income > $20,000 per mo. </li></ul>
    17. 18. Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125 <ul><li>Melzer analysis: </li></ul>$ 7,795 (6,876) (10,134**) (7,387) Children’s Expense $17,929 $ 511 Left over ( 3,378*) (2,313) Personal Expenses $21,307 $2,824 Income Father Mother
    18. 19. Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125 <ul><li>Revised Melzer analysis: </li></ul>$ 8,194 [sic] (4,920) ( 8,545) (5,524) Children’s Expense $18,739 [sic] $ 604 Left over ( 3,568) (2,220) Personal Expenses $21,307 $2,824 Income Father Mother
    19. 20. Bulgarelli v. Bulgarelli , 2007 WL 2793125 <ul><li>Presumptive minimum guideline: $2,061 </li></ul><ul><li>Combined net incomes: $24,131 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>exceeds guidelines by $4,131 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Melzer child support: $5,045 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>exceeds guidelines by $2,984 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total Income for Mother: $7,869 (4 pp.) </li></ul><ul><li>Total Income for Father: $16,262 (7 pp.) </li></ul>
    20. 21. Robinson-Austin v. Robinson-Austin , 921 A.2d 1246 <ul><li>Settlement agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Father to pay child support until child was emancipated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Child attending GED program past age 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Child support not terminated; affirmed </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal frivolous; award of legal fees </li></ul>
    21. 22. Busse v. Busse , 921 A.2d 1248 <ul><li>Change in accounting method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From cash method to accrual method </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Double dipping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Withdrawal of corporate funds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal Fees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42 Pa.C.S. 2503 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23 Pa.C.S. 4352 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23 Pa.C.S. 3702 </li></ul></ul>
    22. 23. Change in Accounting Method <ul><li>Cash method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue recognized when cash received </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expense recognized when cash paid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accrual method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue recognized when earned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expense matched to revenues </li></ul></ul>
    23. 24. Change in Accounting Method <ul><li>Change in Revenues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inventories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accounts receivable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Change in Expenses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>accounts payable </li></ul></ul>

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