what is cancer


Published on

i just collected some highlights about the cancer disease i felt to put it as an article cause its most important to underrated this disease and how to treat it

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

what is cancer

  1. 1. ==== ====i just collected some highlights about the cancer disease i felt to put it as an article cause its mostimportant to underrated this disease and how to treat ithttp://googleta.com/what-is-cancer/==== ====Secret #1 The Money Spent On Research Into Breast Cancer Is Not Ensuring That Less WomenGet Breast Cancer.Secret #2 You Do Need To Act Against Getting Breast Cancer Before You Reach 50 And YouCannot Rely On Mammograms.Secret #3 You Are At Risk Of Getting Breast Cancer Even If You Dont Have It In Your Family.Secret #4 Most Of The Money Spent On Research Is Not Going Into Prevention To Ensure ThatLess Women Suffer The Devastating Effects Of Breast Cancer In The Future.Secret #5 Most Women Are Not Breast Aware And Are Afraid Of Breast Cancer.Secret #6 Women Are Not Given Lots Of Advice On How They Can Protect Their Breasts AgainstBreast Cancer.Secret #7 Most Women Do Not Appreciate How Important Their Breasts Are And Do Not DoEverything They Can To Look After And Protect Them.The above "secrets" are things which are not commonly known by most women and may besurprising to you. In this article, I intend to shed light on these facts and allow women to make uptheir own minds how they approach their breast health.SECRET #1 THE MONEY SPENT ON RESEARCH INTO BREAST CANCER IS NOT ENSURINGTHAT LESS WOMEN GET BREAST CANCER.The Pink Ribbon and Breast Cancer Awarenss Month was introduced in the US in 1985 andintroduced to the UK in 1993. The Pink Ribbon Foundation is fronted by the Estee Lauder group ofcompanies (known for cosmetics and skincare).Since then the pink ribbon symbol has become synonymous with breast cancer and during thepast 15 years billions of pounds have been raised in its name. Every October the world celebratesBreast Cancer Awareness Month and fund raising during that month is phenomenal. All the breastcancer charities vie with each other to see who can come up with the most innovative "pink"fundraising. They run pink parties and sell pink products in order to raise money. Many companiestake part and do special promotions during October for their preferred charity. "Pink" is bigbusiness.So with all this money being raised during October and also at other times during the year throughevents like charity runs and walks, is there an impact on the breast cancer rates in the UK andaround the world? Are they coming down? Are fewer women suffering from the devastating effectsof breast cancer?Unfortunately, the answer is no.
  2. 2. In the UK, from 1993-2004, breast cancer incidence has increased 18.5%, that is 1% per year. 1 in9 women will get the disease during their lifetime with current projections of 1 in 7 by 2010. 45,500women were diagnosed in 2005, which equates to 125 women every day. Worldwide more than amillion women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. It is also projected that breast cancerrates will rise most in developing countries, where women do not have access to top quality careand where they can also be treated as outcasts in certain societies.Breast cancer survival rates have improved. Every year more than 12,300 women and 70 men diefrom breast cancer. Since the peak in the late 1980s breast cancer death rates have fallen by athird. Breast cancer drugs have helped to save womens lives but, as with any drugs, can havelong-term side affects. Also the cost of these drugs puts great strain on the NHS. If breast cancerrates continue to increase as they have been doing, then, according to Professor Karol Sikora asreported in the Daily Mail on 09/09/08, "the next generation of drugs would keep patients alivelonger, but could swallow half of the current NHS cancer budget within four years. (this refers to allcancer drugs at a cost of £50 billion).With the billions being raised by people around the world in the name of breast cancer, is it rightthat actually more women are getting this devastating disease every year?SECRET #2 YOU DO NEED TO ACT AGAINST GETTING BREAST CANCER BEFORE YOUREACH 50 AND YOU CANNOT RELY ON MAMMOGRAMS.Women in the UK are offered breast screening by mammogram every three years from the age of50. This is because breast cancer is still more common in women over 50 but also because thebreast tissue of younger women is denser and, therefore, makes it more difficult for amammogram to pick up on a potential breast lump.However, this could be giving the message to younger women that they dont need to check theirbreasts themselves. Based on my experience during my breast health talks, very few youngerwomen check their breasts. The main reasons for this are that no-one has shown them how to,they dont know what to do, they think that they only need to worry if breast cancer is in the family(see Secret #3) or they are afraid that they might find something.For a younger woman it is even more important to check her breasts from her mid-twenties asbreast cancer in younger women is usually much more aggressive as the breast cancer cells canmultiply more rapidly than in older women. If girls were taught by their mothers to check theirbreasts from their mid-twenties, they would not be afraid - it would just be part of their generalregime of looking after themselves. Also they would feel confident about what to do. Breast self-examination is easy to do once you have been shown how and there are even devices on themarket which can help you do so with confidence and greater accuracy.Breast cancer is the biggest killer of women aged 35-54, which means it makes sense for womenin this age bracket to do everything they can to protect their breasts.Furthermore, I do not believe that we should rely on mammograms either. Women are onlyscreened every three years and, usually, a mammogram can only detect a breast tumour once ithas been growing for 8 years. By the time the tumour reaches 10 years, it could be too late. The
  3. 3. other thing to remember is that a mammogram can only screen the part of the breast which can beput into the "clamp". It cannot screen under the armpit or between the breasts for example.Lastly, there is growing concern over the safety of mammograms. The following are extracts froman article written by Peter Leando PhD."Controversy has raged for years as to whether the risks related to the radiation exposure sufferedfrom mammography are justified by the benefits gained ...... new evidence relating to the particulartype of radiation used and the hard evidence relating to the clinical benefits of mammographyhave caused a serious re-evaluation of the justification of mammography as a screening test.Radiation from routine mammography cannot be directly compared to other types of X-ray likechest X-ray etc because they are very different types of radiation.The comparisons that have been used between a chest x-ray and mammography, 1/1,000 of a rad(radiation-absorbed dose) for a chest X-ray and the 1 rad exposure for the routine four films takenof both breasts for a mammographic screening exam results in some 1,000 times greaterexposure. (This refers to the US, where they do four-way screening. In the UK typically only two-way screening is offered.)This is considered a significant risk factor when extended over a ten year screening period and apotential accumulative dose of 10 rads. Unfortunately this is not the major risk posed by theparticular type of radiation used by mammograms, mammography X-rays use a low energy form ofionising radiation that causes greater biologic damage than the high energy X-ray. The very lowenergy electrons affect the density of ionisation tracks that pass through the tissue, which cancause complex damage to the DNA and carcinogenic changes.The radiation used by mammography is almost 5 times more effective at causing cancer." So,women do need to start checking their breasts from their early twenties and we cannot rely onmammograms 100%, particularly for younger women who would have a greater exposure toradiation during their lifetime if they were offered mammograms from a younger age. Alsomammograms do not detect Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) which is a much rarer form of thedisease and does not involve a lump. This would only detected by a woman looking for changes toher breasts and reporting them to her doctor.SECRET #3 YOU ARE AT RISK OF GETTING BREAST CANCER EVEN IF YOU DONT HAVEIT IN YOUR FAMILY.Amongst the hundreds of women I have talked to about breast health, the vast majority wereunder the false impression that breast cancer is primarily hereditary. They were surprised to hearthat fewer than 10% of cases occur to women who have breast cancer in the family.In fact, every woman is at risk and should take control of her own breast health to give herself thebest possible chance of prevention or early detection.The other most common acknowledged risk factors are:Age - breast cancer is more common in women over 50
  4. 4. Early puberty - it is worrying that puberty is starting younger, with most girls starting their periodsat primary schoolLate pregnancy - many woman are opting to have children laterLate onset menopauseNot having children and not breastfeeding - this was known as early as the 18th century when adoctor in Italy noticed that nuns had higher levels of breast cancer than the general populationBeing overweight - this applies mainly to post-menopausal womenAlcohol - over-consumption increases the risk of breast cancerAcknowledged risk factors account for around 50% of breast cancer cases. For the remainder,there are no definite reasons.There are a growing number of scientists, commercial companies and individuals who believe thatthis remaining 50% is due to the rise of the number of chemicals which have been introduced overthe past 50 years. They are used in our food, in our toiletries, in the workplace, in our clothes, inour furnishings - in fact, in every aspect of our lives. Many of these chemicals are endocrinedisrupting chemicals (EDCs), also known as hormone disruptors or oestrogen mimickers. Insimple terms, they act like oestrogen in our bodies and could be responsible for changing ourdelicate hormone balance which controls events like pregnancy, puberty, menopause.An interesting example of the levels of oestrogen of British women was examined in acollaborative study undertaken in the late 80s between Oxford University, the Chinese Academyof Preventive Medicine Beijing, Guys, and the Dept. of Preventive Medicine, L.A., California. Theycompared blood-serum concentrations of hormones linked to breast cancer between women inrural China and in Britain. The results showed that British women who are exposed to toxicchemicals in their everyday lives had increasingly higher levels of oestradiol (oestrogen) thanwomen living a rural lifestyle in China (see table below).On this theme, the Guardian online reported on 22/05/07 that Beijing blames pollutants for rise inkiller cancers.Oestradiol levels higher in British women by: Age 35 - 44 36% Age 45 - 54 90% Age 55 - 64171%SECRET #4 MOST OF THE MONEY SPENT ON RESEARCH IS NOT GOING INTOPREVENTION TO ENSURE THAT FEWER WOMEN SUFFER THE DEVASTATING EFFECTSOF BREAST CANCER IN THE FUTURE.As we know, billions of pounds are raised every year worldwide in the name of breast cancer andmost of this money is received by the mainstream breast cancer charities. In my opinion, the areaswhich should be targeted by these funds are prevention, treatment and care. You would probablyexpect these areas, at least, to be treated with equal importance and the funds available allocatedaccordingly.Lets first take a look at the mainstream breast cancer charities in this country, namely CancerResearch UK (who obviously deal with all cancers), Breakthrough Breast Cancer, Breast CancerCampaign and Breast Cancer Care.
  5. 5. Cancer Research UK has done a huge amount of research into breast cancer and their websitehas a wealth of useful information with a lot of detail on breast cancer. Their slogan is TogetherWe Will Beat Cancer. The charity offers funding schemes to scientists. Their research strategy isdirected at reducing mortality from cancer and more women are surviving breast cancer than everbefore. Cancer Research UK is looking trying to prevent breast cancer in women known to be athigh risk of developing it (approx 10% of sufferers). Doctors have looked into using tamoxifen andother hormone blocking drugs such as anastrozole (Arimidex) to lower the risk of breast cancer inwomen with a strong family history. This work has to be done very carefully. These women arehealthy and the treatment aimed at preventing breast cancer must not risk their health in otherways.Breakthrough Breast Cancer supports a programme of cutting-edge biological research to reachtheir vision of a future free from the fear of breast cancer. Breakthrough set up the UKs firstdedicated breast cancer research centre in 1999, the Breakthrough Toby Robins Breast CancerResearch Centre. Breakthrough is funding The Generations Study whosepurpose is primarily toinvestigate environmental, behavioural, hormonal and genetic causes of breast cancer, andsecondarily to investigate the causes of other cancers and diseases, by means of a UK cohortstudy to be established of more than 100,000 women in the UK aged 18 years and older at entry.However, when you look at environmental factors as a possible risk factor, it seems to bedismissed because it is too difficult to research due to the huge amount of chemicals to which weare exposed in our everyday lives. You can read more at their website under "risk factors".As I have mentioned, I am one of the many people who believe that certain chemicals which actlike oestrogen in our bodies are a contributing factor in rising breast cancer rates. I amdisappointed to see that Breakthrough are not even including this as a possible risk factor,particularly as we know that excessive oestrogen has been linked to breast cancer cell growth.Breast Cancer Campaign cites its mission is to beat breast cancerby funding innovative world-class research to understand how breast cancer develops, leading to improved diagnosis,treatment, prevention and cure. The charity is supporting 97 projects worth over £12.8million in 41 locations throughout the UK. Over the past 13 years, Campaign has awarded 232grants with a total value of over £23 million to universities, medical schools / teachinghospitals and research institutes across the UK. Campaigns breast cancer research gap analysisdocument has been published by the open access journal Breast Cancer Research. Thedocument entitled Evaluation of the current knowledge limitations in breast cancer research: agap analysis is the product of two and a half year project. It involved around 60 of the key breastcancer scientists in the UK.Through their website, they sell products of various types and the companies who own thosebrands donate part of their profits to the Campaign. They include things like lip gloss, perfume,toiletries, clothing and stationery. Some of us would say that many of the products include harmfulingredients and are not actually contributing to the breast health of the ladies buying them! I wasalso disappointed that, although they mention prevention in their mission statement, I have one oftheir leaflets that shows prevention only receives 1% of their budget.Breast Cancer Care, as its name suggests, is primarily concerned with the care and treatment of
  6. 6. ladies going through breast cancer. It provides invaluable information and support.I applaud all of these organisations who are dedicated to their work to help us understand andtreat breast cancer.However, I still believe that the risk factor of certain chemicals affecting our delicate hormonebalance should be taken seriously and that all the available research should be studied. It isimportant to note that only 50% of breast cancer cases can be put down to one of theacknowledged risk factors. What is this remaining 50%? What has changed in our world over thepast 50 years? It is also interesting that other countries are recognising the dangers of thesechemicals and banning substances. I also believe in adopting the precautionary principle, whichmeans that if there is a doubt over the safety to public health, then we should not wait until it is toolate but take action as soon as possible. It has also been proved that there are alternatives tothese potentially harmful chemicals when we see the growing number of companies who areselling safer food, cosmetics and toiletries.This is why I am an active supporter of Breast Cancer UK, the only charity whose main focus isprimary prevention. We are determined that breast cancer should be a preventable disease notan inevitable one. There is lots of research available on the link between endocrine disruptingchemicals and breast cancer. It is time that this was taken into account when looking at breastcancer risk factors.SECRET #5 MOST WOMEN ARE NOT BREAST AWARE AND ARE AFRAID OF BREASTCANCER.Despite the huge focus on being breast aware, particularly during Breast Cancer Awarenessmonth in October, the majority of women are not breast aware. In fact, most women pay littleattention to their breasts and do very little to look after them, except maybe during breastfeeding.Our breasts represent our femininity - they make us feel sexy and they nourish our children. Yetmost women dont even know what their breasts feel like, let-alone check them for anythingunusual.It is so important that women take control of their own breast health by undertaking monthly self-examination to check for any changes. If they find a lump and go to their doctor straight away, thechances are the lump will be benign (80% are) or, if it is cancerous, they are giving themselves thebest possible chance of recovery. At Stage One, women have around a 95% chance of survivingbeyond 5 years. At Stage One the lump is less than 2cm and has not spread to the lymph nodesor anywhere else in the body. At Stage Four this survival rate drops to 1 in 10. The average size oflump discovered accidentally by women who dont check their breasts regularly is approximately3.6 cm.I have spoken with hundreds of women through my breast education work and most women donot check their breasts because they dont know what to do, they dont realize that all women areat risk, they dont know about the four stages of breast cancer and the corresponding survivalrates, they dont really think about the need to do anything to look after their breasts or they areafraid that they might find something.According to research by Breast Cancer Campaign, breast cancer is the most feared disease
  7. 7. amongst women. Fear is usually due to a lack of knowledge. This is certainly the case here. Ifwomen understood everything detailed here, they would want to give themselves the best chanceof survival should they get the disease. The current approach to womens breast health obviouslyisnt getting through, which is why I believe it is time to get women to take control themselves andempower other women to do the same.SECRET #6 WOMEN ARE NOT GIVEN LOTS OF ADVICE ON HOW THEY CAN PROTECTTHEIR BREASTS AGAINST BREAST CANCER.In the past, GP surgeries used to run Well Woman clinics where any woman could go and see adoctor or nurse and be given advice about looking after herself with practical information like beingshown how to check her breasts. Very few surgeries offer these clinics now. This is one of thereasons that I started my Breast Health Presentations. I talk to women in the workplace or in othergatherings and empower them with information, which helps to remove some of their fear. I alsoshow them how to check their breasts and talk to them about their bra-wearing habits, how toavoid harmful chemicals in their everyday lives and how to benefit from detoxifying breastmassage.As we know, breast cancer is the most feared disease amongst women and understanding how itdevelops, the risk factors and, most importantly, how to protect against it, will make women feelmore in control and positive towards their breast health.During October and other events during the year, the focus is on breast cancer rather than breasthealth. I am one of those people who believe that the more you focus on something negative, themore you will get of it. This is why it is time to change that focus.I believe that it is definitely time for women to take their breast health into their own hands, whichis why I have launched my new campaign "Healthy Breasts For Every Woman". You can readmore at www.healthybreastscampaign.co.uk.SECRET #7 MOST WOMEN DO NOT APPRECIATE HOW IMPORTANT THEIR BREASTS AREAND DO NOT DO EVERYTHING THEY CAN TO LOOK AFTER AND PROTECT THEM.As I mentioned before, most women give very little thought to their breasts. They get up in themorning and they may give them a wash in the shower. They then shove them into a cage we calla bra (and most women wear a bra that doesnt fit them properly) and forget about them for therest of the day. It is amazing that we live in a society which is obsessed with breasts and womendo very little to protect this most precious part of their body. It is also amazing that women spend afortune on looking after every other part of their body with creams and lotions and forget abouttheir breasts! I know that once women understand more about breast health and dont feel sohelpless in the face of breast cancer that they do want to be proactive and take control of theirbreast health.Nikki Matteihttp://www.bestthinkpink.com
  8. 8. Article Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Nikki_Mattei