A Detailed Lesson Plan in English – Grade 8
At the end of the lesson, 100% of the students with 75% level of proficiency shall be able to:
a) Distinguish the elements of a short story
b) Discuss the importance of contentment, simplicity, and honesty
II. Subject Matter
Topic: Elements of a Short Story
Listening Text: “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant
References: English for a Better World III
Emerita G. Magsajo- Sarno, Ph.D.,Esther L. Baraceros,Ph.D.,Pilar R. Yu
Today’s High School Readers,Book One by Benoza Reyes
Materials: Cartolina, power point presentation, pictures, necklace, box
Skills: Listening: Remembering facts and sequence of the story
Reading: Analyzing a vocabulary word using context clues
Speaking: Discussing of ideas, pronouncing words and names correctly
Writing: Describing a concept or entity
Values: Cooperation, self-confidence, collaboration, valuing the life at present, honesty,
ii. Greeting the class
iii. Checking of Attendance
iv. Passing of Assignments
b. Developmental Activities
i. Pre-listening Activity
Before we start our interesting lesson for today, I
want the class to be divided into 3 groups.
I will give each group an envelope that contains
puzzle pieces to be arranged and afterwards,you are
going to post it on the board. Kindly assign a
representative from each group to give an idea about
the image formed out if the puzzle pieces. There are
only 3 minutes for you to do the activity. Is that
The students group themselves into three.
(Teacher distributes the envelopes)
May the representatives of each group come in front
and say something about the picture formed by your
Based on the given pictures, what do you think is
our lesson for today?
(Posting of objectives)
Let us have first the vocabulary terms that we will
be encountering on our listening text.
b. Unlocking ofDifficulties
Identify the meaning ofthe underlined term from
the given choices below.
1. She detested her neighbor for being so
2. Mathilde dashed outside to avoid being
seen in her shabby coat.
3. He was the one who catapulted his friend
to court that girl.
4. They decided to take a jaunt for they are
5. Rhea was so aghast to find out that her best
friend was dead.
Now, let’s have a short story by entitled “The
Necklace”. I will introduce you the author first
whose named is Guy de Maupassant.
Guy de Maupassant (Henri René Albert)
5 August 1850 – 6 July 1893
one of the fathers of the modern short
Pen Names:Guy de Valmont, Joseph
Occupation: Novelist, writer, poet
Before we move on to the story, I am going to
present to you the guide questions that you will
answer at the end of the story.
(Students do the activity)
(Students express their ideas about the pictures)
1.Why did the invitation displease Madame Loisel?
2.Why did Mme. Loisel borrow a necklace from
3.What efforts were made to find Mme. Forestier’s
4. Describe in your own words how the Loisels life
changed after they had paid for the new necklace?
5. What was Mme. Foreister’s reaction when the
necklace was returned?
Here are the characters that make up the story “The
Madame Jeanne Forestier
You will be the one to identify their roles and
contributions after you listened to the story. I’ll be
needing 3 volunteers here in front and they will act
as the 3 characters of the story.
Are you now ready to listen to the story as you
watch the great performance of your classmates in
ii. Listening Activity
The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant
In Paris during the 19th
century, there was a middle-
class girl, Mathilde Loisel, who desperately wished
she was wealthy. She got looks and charm, but had a
bad luck to be born into a family of clerks who
married her to another clerk, Monsieur Loisel, in the
ministry of Public Instruction. Mathilde was so
convinced she’s meant to be rich that she detested
her life and spends all day dreaming and despairing
about the fabulous life she’s not having. She
envisioned footmen, feasts,fancy furniture, and
strings of rich young men to seduce.
One day, Mr. Loisel came home with an invitation
to a fancy ball thrown by his boss. He had gone to a
lot of trouble to get the invitation, but Mathilde’s
first reaction was to throw a fi. She didn’t have
anything to wear,and couldn’t possibly go! Her
husband was upset ti her displeasure and using
money that he was saving to buy a hunting rifle,
gave Mathilde 400 francs to use. It’s not too long
before Mathilde threw another fit, though, this time
because she had no jewels. So, Mr. Loisel suggested
her to go and see her friend, Mme. Forestier, a rich
woman who could probably lend her something.
Students volunteer to play the assigned roles
Mathilde went to see Mme. Forestier, and she was in
luck. Mathilde was able to borrow a gorgeous
diamond necklace. With the necklace, she’s sure to
be a stunner.
The night of the ball arrives, and Mathilde had the
time of her life. Everyone loved her and she is
absolutely admired. She and her husband did not
leave until 4am. Mathilde suddenly dashed outside
to avoid being seen in her shabby coat. But once
back at home, Mathilde made a horrifying
discovery: the diamond necklace was gone.
Mr. Loisel spent all of the next day, and even the
next week,searching the city for the necklace,but
found nothing. It’s gone. So he and Mathilde
decided they had no choice but to buy Mme.
Forestier a new necklace. They visited one jewelry
store after another until at last, they found a
necklace that looked just the same as the one they
lost. Unfortunately, it’s 36 thousand francs. Mr.
Loisel went massively into debt and bought the
necklace, and Mathilde returned it to Mme.Forestier.
Buying the necklace catapulted the Loisels into
poverty for the next ten years. They lost their house,
their maid, their comfortable lifestyle and on top of
it all, Mathilde lost her good looks.
After ten years, all the debts were finally paid, and
Mathilde was out for a jaunt in a town. There she
came across Mme.Forestier,rich and beautiful as
ever. Mathilde decided to tell Mme. Forestier the
sad story of the necklace and her ten years of
poverty and she did. At that point, Mme. Forestier,
aghast, revealed to Mathilde that the necklace she
lost was just a fake. It was worth only five hundred
francs. Mathilde only smiled sadly to Mme.
Forestier and walked away.
Do you understand the story of “The Necklace?”
Before answering the guide questions, let’s have a
story-telling chain first. I have here a necklace that I
will wear and I’m going to start the story. I’ll be
passing on the necklace to one of you and you will
continue the story, and that person will put on the
necklace again to another one and so on until the
story ends. Is that clear?
Let’s now answer the guide questions. Who wants to
read and answer number 1?
Good! How about number 2?
(Students do the activity)
The invitation displeased Mathilde because she
had nothing to wear for the party.
Mathilde borrowed a necklace to be matched with
her dress to Mme. Foreister so that she will be
gorgeous at the party.
Excellent. Then number 3?
Bravo! How about number 4?
And number 5?
In understanding short story, we have elements that
will guide us to make it comprehensive and clear.
We are going to watch a video and you may jot
down notes about the facts presented in the video.
Are you now ready?
(Teacher plays the video)
Since, the video presentation has helped you to have
knowledge about the 5 elements; you will be the one
to define each as I post the terms on the board.
iii. Lesson Proper
Elements ofa Short Story:
3 Parts of a Plot:
Introduction – the starting point of the story.
Climax – the highest point of the story.
Ending – the concluding part of the story.
Two General CategoriesofConflict:
o Internal Conflicts
o External Conflicts
Do you have any questions or clarifications before
Loisels searched for it until they found a jewellery
shop but the cost of the new necklace was very
expensive. They had a lot of debts and worked so
hard to replace the lost necklace.
The life of the couple became miserable and there
were lots of sufferings they experienced in
replacing the necklace.
When the necklace was returned to her without
knowledge that it was not the original necklace,
she acted just normally. But when Mathilde told
her the truth, she was so shocked about the story
revealed by her.
People that make up the story; could also
be in a form of things, animals, etc.
The place or time of action
What happens in a story
Creates drama in the story
Take place within the minds of the
Take place between individuals or
between individuals and the world
external to individuals
Central idea in a work
proceeding to our activity?
For you to apply what you have learned, let’s have
an activity regarding the story “The Necklace.”
To understand the story better,we are going to
dissect the story employing the elements we have
learned a while ago. I have here a box that contains
blank strips of papers and some that have an element
of a short story written in it. Some of your
classmates will give the characters,setting, plot,
conflict, and theme. But there’s a twist. You won’t
only tell us the answer but there task that you must
do before or during you answer the question. Is my
Characters: Choose 2 of your classmates. The three
of you should act as the characters in the story
Setting: Answer the question alone. You can do it!
Plot: Choose 2 of your classmates. Act out the
introduction, climax, and ending.
Conflict: Answer it as if you are really in conflict.
Theme: Express your answer by means of a
What lesson have you learned from the story?
Characters: Mathilde Loisel, Monsieur Loisel,
Madam Jeanne Forestier
Setting: Paris; 19th
Introduction: Mathilde had nothing to wear to the
Climax: She had lost the diamond necklace lent by
Ending: Mme. Forestier revealed that the necklace
was a fake.
Conflict: Internal Conflict
Mathilde had a great desire to be rich.
She was not contented with her life and always
craved something that she could not have.
Theme: Contentment, Honesty, Simplicity
If she were only contented even with the
little blessings she had, she would have
not suffered that much.
If Mathilde possessed honesty to
Mme.Forestier, she would not have lived a
Simplicity is based how grateful you are
with your life and its blessings.
Excellent! What are the 5 elements of a short story?
Correct! Do you have any questions regarding our
For your quiz this time, you will read another short
story entitled “Monkey’s Paw” by: W.W. Jacobs.
I will read the first paragraph, and afterwards,each
group will read the following paragraphs.
After reading the story, you will answer the
questions I have provided and write your answers in
one fourth sheet of paper.
MONKEY’S PAW(A Summary)
By: W.W. Jacobs, 1902
On a dark, stormy night in England, Mr. and Mrs.
White and their adult son Herbert – are inside
enjoying a cozy evening around the fire.
Soon, Sergeant-Major Morris arrives at their house
and throws the monkey's paw into the fire but White
quickly retrieves it. Morris warns White, but White,
thinking about what he could use the paw for,
Mr. White wishes for £200 to be used as the final
payment on his house. After making the wish, his
son Herbert is killed by machinery at the factory
where he works, and the couple gets compensation
Ten days after the funeral, Mrs. White, almost mad
with grief, asks her husband to use the paw to wish
Herbert back to life. Reluctantly, he does so. Shortly
afterwards there is a knock at the door. Mrs. White
fumbles at the locks in an attempt to open the door.
Mr. White knows, however, that he cannot allow
their revived son in, as his appearance will be too
hideous. Mr. White was required to identify the
body, which had been mutilated by the accident. It
has now lain buried for more than a week. While
Mrs. White tries to open the door, Mr. White makes
his third wish, and the knocking stops. Mrs. White
opens the door to find no one there.
We have learned that all of us should be honest at
all times and must live a simple life to be happy.
The five elements of a short story are the
characters,setting, theme, plot, and conflict.
1. Who are the characters in the story?
a. W.W Jacobs,Mr. and Mrs. White,
Herbert,and Sgt. Morris
b. Mr. and Mrs. White, Herbert,Sgt.
c. Sgt. Morris, Monkey’s Paw,Herbert
2. Where did the story take place?
3. When did the story happen?
a. Bright, sunny day
b. Dark, stormy night
c. Rainy afternoon
4. Which of the following was the introduction
of the story?
a. Sgt. Morris arrived and threw the
monkey’s paw into the fire but Mr.
White retrieved it.
b. Mr. White wishes for £200 to be used as
the final payment on his house.
c. Herbert is killed by machinery.
5. Which of the following was the climax of
a. There was a knock on the door but Mrs.
White found no one.
b. Sgt. Morris had a bad experience with
the monkey’s paw and threw it away.
c. Herbert died and the employers gave the
Whites £200 the exact amount Mr.
White wished for.
6. Which of the following was the ending of
a. Sgt. Morris died for throwing the
b. There was a knock on the door as Mr.
White made his wish, but found no one.
c. Mrs. White fumbles at the locks in an
attempt to open the door.
7. What was the conflict of the story?
a. Internal Conflict
b. External Conflict
c. None of the above
8. What was the theme or main idea of the
9. Major moral lesson of the story:
a. Be careful what you wish for.
b. Greediness always leads people into
c. Always follow the warning of
an experienced person
10. The author of the Monkey’s Paw
a. Charles Dickens
b. W.W. Jacobs
c. William Shakespeare
Okay. Pass your papers sideward and then forward.
For your assignment, search for Freytag’s Pyramid
and its function. Write it in your notebook.
Are there any question?
Are you sure?
If that is so, let us call it a day and goodbye class.
Goodbye, ma’am. Thank you for teaching us!
Marie Buena S. Bunsoy