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PROJECT PRESENTATION
uBiquitous, secUre inTernet-
of-things with Location and
     contEx-awaReness
        FP7 call: FP7-ICT-2011-7
           Integrated Project
    October 2011  September 2014
                15 M€
          1234 man.months




                                    2
High level objective

      Design and demonstrate prototype of a
   comprehensive, pervasive and effective Context-
    Aware information system, which will operate
     transparently and seamlessly across various
        scenarios towards a unified Smart Life
                    environment.


                                                     3
Today: Domain-centric smart solutions
  SmartHome                                  SmartTransport                              SmartShopping
- Monitoring and                             - Promoting                                 - Managing
controlling                                  carpooling                                  sparkdeals
- Saving Energy                              - Minimizing taxi                           - Getting advice on
comfortably                                  delays                                      buying goods
- Interacting with                           - Avoiding traffic                          - Retrieving
appliances                                   jams                                        discount
-…                                           -…     !                                    -…
                      SmartHealth                                   SmartCity
                     - Monitoring medicine
                                                                  - Managing parking
                     intake
                                                                  space
                     - Personalized
                                                                  - Lighting up a city
                     diabetes assistance
                                                                  efficiently
                     - Providing training
                                                                  - Monitoring Air
                     tips
                                                                  Quality
                     -…
                                                                  -…




                                                                                                        4
What should Smart Life be?




                             5
Tomorrow: horizontal smart solutions




             SmartLife



                                       6
Expectations


               Crimes           Privacy violation       Squandering
 Congestion
                             Stress
                                             Diseases
Latency                                                     inefficiency
               Pollution

 Poverty
                               SmartHealth
                   SmartShopping           SmartTransport

           SmartHome                                         SmartCity




                                                                           7
Awareness
Inversely proportional to the degree of knowledge required
from users




                   BUTLER’s concept is one of
                   active, pervasive, continuous,
                   real-time and progressively
                   personal context-awareness



                                                       8
TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES
Technological Challenges: Communications
                      Application             Application                         Application
                           1                       2                  °°°°             N
   Application/Data
        Layer                      ONEM2M/ETSI M2M Service Layer

                                            HTTP                   CoAP           SEP 2.0



                        ZigBee
   Transport Layer                          TCP                         TCP/UDP


     NWK Layer                              RPL                     IPv6
                                            6LoWPAN




                                                                                         3GPP
                                                   Bluetooth 4.0
                                                    Low Energy
   DataLink Layer




                                                                      RFID/NFC
                                 802.15.4




                                                                                 Wi-Fi
                                   IEEE




     PHY Layer




                                                                                                10
Integration & Standardization




                                11
Innovation: Technological Enablers
  SmartHome                                  SmartTransport                              SmartShopping
- Monitoring and                             - Promoting                                 - Managing
controlling                                  carpooling                                  sparkdeals
- Saving Energy                              - Minimizing taxi                           - Getting advice on
comfortably                                  delays                                      buying goods
- Interacting with                           - Avoiding traffic                          - Retrieving
appliances                                   jams                                        discount
-…                                           -…     !                                    -…
                      SmartHealth                                   SmartCity
                     - Monitoring medicine
                                                                  - Managing parking
                     intake
                                                                  space
                     - Personalized
                                                                  - Lighting up a city
                     diabetes assistance
                                                                  efficiently
                     - Providing training
                                                                  - Monitoring Air
                     tips
                                                                  Quality
                     -…
                                                                  -…




                                                                                                       12
PROJECT WORKFLOW
Year 1 : From Vertical Requirements to a
    First Horizontal System Specification
    Vertical and       Functional and   Specification and
horizontal use-cases   Non Functional   development f1
                       Requirements
                          analysis
                                             • Domain specific
                                               enablers
                                             • Generic enablers
                                                o Security
                                                o Localization
                  Smart                         o Context,
                                                 behavior)

                   Life
                                             • Initial
                                               architecture
                                             • First proofs of
                                               concept
Year 2 : Refined Specification and
    Development of the Platform
    Vertical and       Functional and      Specification and
horizontal use-cases   Non Functional      development f1
                       Requirements          Specification and
                          analysis           development f2
                                                • Domain specific
                                                  • Technological
                                                  enablers
                                                    choices
                                                • Generic enablers
                                                    o Security
                                                  • Refined
                                                    o Localization
                                                    specification of
                  Smart                             o Context,
                                                    Trials
                                                      behavior)

                   Life                          • Integrated
                                                   middleware
                                                • architecture
                                                   Initial
                                   Vertical       architecture
                                                ••First proofs of
                                                   2nd proofs of
                                   Scenarios      concept
                                                   concept
Year 3 : Integrating the Platform into
    real life field trials
    Vertical and       Functional and      Specification and          Integration and
horizontal use-cases   Non Functional      development f1                 testing
                       Requirements          Specification and
                          analysis           development f2
                                               Specification and
                                                • Domain specific
                                                                             Final field
                                               development f3
                                                  enablers
                                                • • Technological
                                                  Generic enablers              trials
                                                    o Security
                                                   choices
                                                 • Refined
                                                    o Localization
                  Smart                            •Smart Server
                                                    o Context,
                                                   specification of
                                                 • Trials
                                                     behavior)
                                                 • •Smart Mobile
                                                   Integrated
                   Life                            •Smart Object
                                                   middleware
                                                   architecture
                                                •• 2nd proofs of
                                                   Initial                  Integrated
                                   Vertical       architecture
                                                   concept                   platforms
                                                • First proofs of
                                                • Prototyping of
                                   Scenarios      concept
                                                  enablers
                                  Horizontal    • Testing with
                                                  measurable
                                  Scenarios       goals
From Vertical Use Cases to Smart Life Concept
                                                                                                 17




SmartMobility       SmartHealth    SmartHome /
                                                   SmartShopping         SmartCity
 / Transport         / Wellness       Office


Horizontal          Horizontal      Horizontal      Horizontal          Horizontal
  UCs                 UCs             UCs             UCs                 UCs




                       Aggregate results from Verticals

             Smart Live Concept: Horizontal Story Line incl. Personas                Customer Insights




                        Business Requirements IoT Butler



                                                                                            17
Project Global Workflow
                   End-
                   Users

Use Cases
                                   Partners’
                                    Assets

                   User
               Requirements

State of the
    Art
                                   Vertical
                                    PoCs
                 Technical
                Requirement                                      End-
                                                                 Users
   Specify                                      Vertical Field
                                                    Trials
   Specify (Technical)            Horizontal
                                 Architecture
   Define
   Implement                                     Horizontal      Horizontal
   Integrate                                      Platform         PoC
                                                                                            End-
   Validate / Provide feedback                                                              Users
                                   Enabling
                                 Technologies
                                                                              Horizontal
                                                                              Field Trial

                                                                                             18
PLANNED SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES
Privacy and Security (1/2)
User shall be able to manage its distributed user profile.
   •   Control of identity sharing over distributed applications.
   •   Control of data duplication – when and where
   •   Implementation of regulation
   •   Controlling dynamic inference of user data - identity, current
       behavior, system computed user profile.
Defining security and privacy requirements to be taken into
  account as design level.
   • Design and implementation of BUTLER privacy and security
     framework.
   • Framework integrates user dynamic data (location, behavior, …) in
     security protocols
   • Application shall integrate such framework
Privacy and Security (2/2)


               1. Main objective: user controls/manages its profile


                                                 Application 1

Static and
 Dynamic
Distributed
                    2. Applications use/update
User Profile
                                                 Application 2
Behavioural modelling and mining (1/3)

Recognize context-aware intent through external observation
   •   Behavior
   •   Decisions
   •   Typical course of actions
   •   Corresponding events and context
Extract meaningful information from distributed event streams
   • Purposeful and meaningful abstractions for daily life activities
   • Interactions between a few individuals and mass behavior
   • Algorithms and software components for aggregation,
     classification, learning, predicting and anticipating users’
     behavior and activities
   • Metrics to assess quality or trustworthiness of information
Behavioural modelling and mining (2/3)
                                         events             events


                 1. Model
                                events            Actions
  Profile &
 Preferences




  Context              Intentions             Behavior


                                            3. Anticipate
   Tasks       2. Observe and learn
Behavioural modelling and mining (3/3)

New event-based modeling abstractions
  • Represent both individual and group behavior
  • Explore feasibility of hybrid models combining statistical and
    relational models, task trees, workflow and markov models,
    dynamic bayesian networks, …
  • Semantic modeling abstractions to describe domain knowledge in
    relevant (patterns of) events

New processing and synthesis techniques
  • Context-aware and semantic event pattern recognition
  • Causality detection to anticipate human behavior
  • Learning and data stream mining based on complex event
    processing techniques (CEP)
Geo-Temporal Contextualization (1/2)

  Aim to develop algorithms for the seamless acquisition of
  geo-temporal information in heterogeneous networks, clearly
  defined as following objectives.

Objectives
   – Identification of the forms of geo-temporal context information
   – Tracking and localize the context information securely
   – Simultaneous localization and mapping through cooperative P2P links,
     with new location-dependent security mechanisms
   – Energy/time-efficient indoor localization within heterogeneous
     networks



                                                                       25
Geo-Temporal Contextualization (2/2)

Workflow
   – Concrete algorithms be developed to enhance acquire geo-temporal
     context with the help of objects, topology, etc…
   – Development of corresponding algorithms on real platforms


Domain Specific Objectives
   – Provide ambient information about metro platforms when the user
     reaches the station entrance, for users located on station platforms.
   – Schedule planner - plan the user departure according to user's
     agenda, traffic conditions and parking availability.




                                                                             26
Contextual networking
   Aim is to develop algorithms to provide contextual information at a macro-
   perspective, focusing on contextualized networking strategies, behavior
   synthesis (crowd management, incentives) and “contextual games” model to
   predict users’ behaviors.

Generic workflow
   – Cooperate with the other tasks and create the use cases for the
       applications and services;
   – Create concrete algorithms to be utilized in such use cases;
   – Algorithms brought forward to the implementation tasks;
   – Results validations by using the prototypes generated in the
       implementation tasks

Domain specific objectives
   – Shopping environment related modelling of consumer groups
   – To be able affect consumer behaviour via context based targeted
      advertising and offers
   – Other objectives: to be further studied



                                                                                27
STANDARDISATION AND COOPERATION
BUTLER cooperation plans                           Joint
                                                   trials




         {

                                        BUSINESS
             TECHNOS
                           TRIALS

                       IMPLEMENTATION

                       ARCHITECTURE




                                                            ...
Planned contributions and interactions

• Active participation in key standardization group in Europe and
  world-wide on M2M service layer
   – ETSI TC M2M
   – ETSI TC ITS
   – M2M Partnership Project (under creation  technically operational in July 2012)
• Promote the BUTLER M2M service layer solutions and building
  blocks in the relevant groups
• Deploy a standardized service layer in the projects
  development in order to better influence the standards
• Participate in the standardization of verticals like:
   – Continua
   – BBF (Broadband Forum)
   – ETSI TC ERM (TG28, TG34, TGUWB)


                                                                                 30
World-Wide M2M partnership project

• World-Wide standardization of a M2M service layer
• Initial cooperation between the following SDO:
  –   ETSI (Europe)
  –   ARIB (Japan)
  –   TTC (Japan)
  –   ATIS (US)
  –   TIA (US)
  –   CCSA (China)
  –   TTA (Korea)
• Vertical are invited to the work like ITS,
  Continua, ESMIG, etc.

                                                  31
Schedule for M2M Partnership Project
                     2011                                                                      2012
    JUL      AUG      SEP        OCT   DEC      JAN       FEB        MAR APR               MAY        JUN       JUL      AUG       SEP         OCT
           SDO Meeting#01,                  SDO Meeting#03,                                                               Technical Plenary
                                                                                       Virtual meetings
           Seoul, 21 Jul                    Berlin, 15-16 Dec                                                             Meeting#1
                    SDO Meeting#02,                                        Steering Committee Steering Committee
                    Washington,                                            Meeting#1          Meeting#2
                    17-18 Aug

          Virtual SDO meetings
                                                                    SDO Meeting#04,
                                                                    Tokyo, 28-29 Mar
                                       Reach out to verticals
                                                                                                          Start of technical work
                                                   M1: “Soft Launch”
                                                                M2: Final Consensus

                                                                         M3: Final Draft

                                                                               M4: Official Signing

                                                                                                            M5:
                                                                                                            TP start prepared
                                                                                                                          M6:
                                                                                                                          WG start prepared


Copied from the ETSI /M2M(12)18_009

                                                                                                                                              32
GETTING MORE
Connect with BUTLER

• www.iot-butler.eu :
   – Learn about BUTLER
   – Follow progresses
   – Partnerships



• BUTLER on social networks :
   – Twitter: https://twitter.com/#!/IoTBUTLER
   – LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/groups/BUTLER-
     4205902

                                                        34

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BUTLER project overview

  • 2. uBiquitous, secUre inTernet- of-things with Location and contEx-awaReness FP7 call: FP7-ICT-2011-7 Integrated Project October 2011  September 2014 15 M€ 1234 man.months 2
  • 3. High level objective Design and demonstrate prototype of a comprehensive, pervasive and effective Context- Aware information system, which will operate transparently and seamlessly across various scenarios towards a unified Smart Life environment. 3
  • 4. Today: Domain-centric smart solutions SmartHome SmartTransport SmartShopping - Monitoring and - Promoting - Managing controlling carpooling sparkdeals - Saving Energy - Minimizing taxi - Getting advice on comfortably delays buying goods - Interacting with - Avoiding traffic - Retrieving appliances jams discount -… -… ! -… SmartHealth SmartCity - Monitoring medicine - Managing parking intake space - Personalized - Lighting up a city diabetes assistance efficiently - Providing training - Monitoring Air tips Quality -… -… 4
  • 5. What should Smart Life be? 5
  • 6. Tomorrow: horizontal smart solutions SmartLife 6
  • 7. Expectations Crimes Privacy violation Squandering Congestion Stress Diseases Latency inefficiency Pollution Poverty SmartHealth SmartShopping SmartTransport SmartHome SmartCity 7
  • 8. Awareness Inversely proportional to the degree of knowledge required from users BUTLER’s concept is one of active, pervasive, continuous, real-time and progressively personal context-awareness 8
  • 10. Technological Challenges: Communications Application Application Application 1 2 °°°° N Application/Data Layer ONEM2M/ETSI M2M Service Layer HTTP CoAP SEP 2.0 ZigBee Transport Layer TCP TCP/UDP NWK Layer RPL IPv6 6LoWPAN 3GPP Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy DataLink Layer RFID/NFC 802.15.4 Wi-Fi IEEE PHY Layer 10
  • 12. Innovation: Technological Enablers SmartHome SmartTransport SmartShopping - Monitoring and - Promoting - Managing controlling carpooling sparkdeals - Saving Energy - Minimizing taxi - Getting advice on comfortably delays buying goods - Interacting with - Avoiding traffic - Retrieving appliances jams discount -… -… ! -… SmartHealth SmartCity - Monitoring medicine - Managing parking intake space - Personalized - Lighting up a city diabetes assistance efficiently - Providing training - Monitoring Air tips Quality -… -… 12
  • 14. Year 1 : From Vertical Requirements to a First Horizontal System Specification Vertical and Functional and Specification and horizontal use-cases Non Functional development f1 Requirements analysis • Domain specific enablers • Generic enablers o Security o Localization Smart o Context, behavior) Life • Initial architecture • First proofs of concept
  • 15. Year 2 : Refined Specification and Development of the Platform Vertical and Functional and Specification and horizontal use-cases Non Functional development f1 Requirements Specification and analysis development f2 • Domain specific • Technological enablers choices • Generic enablers o Security • Refined o Localization specification of Smart o Context, Trials behavior) Life • Integrated middleware • architecture Initial Vertical architecture ••First proofs of 2nd proofs of Scenarios concept concept
  • 16. Year 3 : Integrating the Platform into real life field trials Vertical and Functional and Specification and Integration and horizontal use-cases Non Functional development f1 testing Requirements Specification and analysis development f2 Specification and • Domain specific Final field development f3 enablers • • Technological Generic enablers trials o Security choices • Refined o Localization Smart •Smart Server o Context, specification of • Trials behavior) • •Smart Mobile Integrated Life •Smart Object middleware architecture •• 2nd proofs of Initial Integrated Vertical architecture concept platforms • First proofs of • Prototyping of Scenarios concept enablers Horizontal • Testing with measurable Scenarios goals
  • 17. From Vertical Use Cases to Smart Life Concept 17 SmartMobility SmartHealth SmartHome / SmartShopping SmartCity / Transport / Wellness Office Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal UCs UCs UCs UCs UCs Aggregate results from Verticals Smart Live Concept: Horizontal Story Line incl. Personas Customer Insights Business Requirements IoT Butler 17
  • 18. Project Global Workflow End- Users Use Cases Partners’ Assets User Requirements State of the Art Vertical PoCs Technical Requirement End- Users Specify Vertical Field Trials Specify (Technical) Horizontal Architecture Define Implement Horizontal Horizontal Integrate Platform PoC End- Validate / Provide feedback Users Enabling Technologies Horizontal Field Trial 18
  • 20. Privacy and Security (1/2) User shall be able to manage its distributed user profile. • Control of identity sharing over distributed applications. • Control of data duplication – when and where • Implementation of regulation • Controlling dynamic inference of user data - identity, current behavior, system computed user profile. Defining security and privacy requirements to be taken into account as design level. • Design and implementation of BUTLER privacy and security framework. • Framework integrates user dynamic data (location, behavior, …) in security protocols • Application shall integrate such framework
  • 21. Privacy and Security (2/2) 1. Main objective: user controls/manages its profile Application 1 Static and Dynamic Distributed 2. Applications use/update User Profile Application 2
  • 22. Behavioural modelling and mining (1/3) Recognize context-aware intent through external observation • Behavior • Decisions • Typical course of actions • Corresponding events and context Extract meaningful information from distributed event streams • Purposeful and meaningful abstractions for daily life activities • Interactions between a few individuals and mass behavior • Algorithms and software components for aggregation, classification, learning, predicting and anticipating users’ behavior and activities • Metrics to assess quality or trustworthiness of information
  • 23. Behavioural modelling and mining (2/3) events events 1. Model events Actions Profile & Preferences Context Intentions Behavior 3. Anticipate Tasks 2. Observe and learn
  • 24. Behavioural modelling and mining (3/3) New event-based modeling abstractions • Represent both individual and group behavior • Explore feasibility of hybrid models combining statistical and relational models, task trees, workflow and markov models, dynamic bayesian networks, … • Semantic modeling abstractions to describe domain knowledge in relevant (patterns of) events New processing and synthesis techniques • Context-aware and semantic event pattern recognition • Causality detection to anticipate human behavior • Learning and data stream mining based on complex event processing techniques (CEP)
  • 25. Geo-Temporal Contextualization (1/2) Aim to develop algorithms for the seamless acquisition of geo-temporal information in heterogeneous networks, clearly defined as following objectives. Objectives – Identification of the forms of geo-temporal context information – Tracking and localize the context information securely – Simultaneous localization and mapping through cooperative P2P links, with new location-dependent security mechanisms – Energy/time-efficient indoor localization within heterogeneous networks 25
  • 26. Geo-Temporal Contextualization (2/2) Workflow – Concrete algorithms be developed to enhance acquire geo-temporal context with the help of objects, topology, etc… – Development of corresponding algorithms on real platforms Domain Specific Objectives – Provide ambient information about metro platforms when the user reaches the station entrance, for users located on station platforms. – Schedule planner - plan the user departure according to user's agenda, traffic conditions and parking availability. 26
  • 27. Contextual networking Aim is to develop algorithms to provide contextual information at a macro- perspective, focusing on contextualized networking strategies, behavior synthesis (crowd management, incentives) and “contextual games” model to predict users’ behaviors. Generic workflow – Cooperate with the other tasks and create the use cases for the applications and services; – Create concrete algorithms to be utilized in such use cases; – Algorithms brought forward to the implementation tasks; – Results validations by using the prototypes generated in the implementation tasks Domain specific objectives – Shopping environment related modelling of consumer groups – To be able affect consumer behaviour via context based targeted advertising and offers – Other objectives: to be further studied 27
  • 29. BUTLER cooperation plans Joint trials { BUSINESS TECHNOS TRIALS IMPLEMENTATION ARCHITECTURE ...
  • 30. Planned contributions and interactions • Active participation in key standardization group in Europe and world-wide on M2M service layer – ETSI TC M2M – ETSI TC ITS – M2M Partnership Project (under creation  technically operational in July 2012) • Promote the BUTLER M2M service layer solutions and building blocks in the relevant groups • Deploy a standardized service layer in the projects development in order to better influence the standards • Participate in the standardization of verticals like: – Continua – BBF (Broadband Forum) – ETSI TC ERM (TG28, TG34, TGUWB) 30
  • 31. World-Wide M2M partnership project • World-Wide standardization of a M2M service layer • Initial cooperation between the following SDO: – ETSI (Europe) – ARIB (Japan) – TTC (Japan) – ATIS (US) – TIA (US) – CCSA (China) – TTA (Korea) • Vertical are invited to the work like ITS, Continua, ESMIG, etc. 31
  • 32. Schedule for M2M Partnership Project 2011 2012 JUL AUG SEP OCT DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT SDO Meeting#01, SDO Meeting#03, Technical Plenary Virtual meetings Seoul, 21 Jul Berlin, 15-16 Dec Meeting#1 SDO Meeting#02, Steering Committee Steering Committee Washington, Meeting#1 Meeting#2 17-18 Aug Virtual SDO meetings SDO Meeting#04, Tokyo, 28-29 Mar Reach out to verticals Start of technical work M1: “Soft Launch” M2: Final Consensus M3: Final Draft M4: Official Signing M5: TP start prepared M6: WG start prepared Copied from the ETSI /M2M(12)18_009 32
  • 34. Connect with BUTLER • www.iot-butler.eu : – Learn about BUTLER – Follow progresses – Partnerships • BUTLER on social networks : – Twitter: https://twitter.com/#!/IoTBUTLER – LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/groups/BUTLER- 4205902 34