Qcs-Qadam Cenral Station

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aGraduation research project - Railway station in the cpital Damascus.

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Qcs-Qadam Cenral Station

  1. 1. by Khawla Taha Supervision by : Dr. Amer Jabri Graduation date : Feb-3-2013
  2. 2. introduction History of Al Hijaz contents Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? • • • • • • • • • • • • introduction 1-HISTORY OF AL-HIJAZ RAILWAY 2-RECENT SITUATION 3-WHAT ……????? 4-WHY ……..????? 5-HOW……..????? 6- THE SITE . 7-THE PROJECT SCOPE – TARGET USER > 8-SWOT 9-PROJECT COMPONENT 10-ANALYZES 11-THE GOAL 12-GETTING THERE
  3. 3. introduction Introduction: History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site Many people use train stations. Where there is a lot of movement you will find various shops and restaurants, and around stations you will find some busy streets. Therefore, stations are designed and built to harmonize well with town and surrounding areas . Town developments and station buildings are related closely .cuz Stations are the city interface which reflect its image & its devlopment in front of tourists. TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? The main priniciple I adopted in the project is “THE STATION IS THE BUILDING WHERE THE MAN REACTS WITH THE MACHINE” . In the begining the station was consisted of two separated parts not commensurate with each other. On the one hand there is the trains coverage that make up the industrial void, and on the other there is the part which designed to receive the station passengers, which later became the link between the urban structure of the city and the railways Some stations like station in Montreal, Stockholm and other stations are characterized by its beautiful architecture , special art paintings and Featured entrance . Therefore, the most important characteristic of train stations is the artistic details. he London Underground metro station famous with its sculpted statues and stucco panels .and that is what I tried to create by allocated a place to view the last workings of artists & sculptors and add it to the Qadem station museum to supported the tourism and culture side .
  4. 4. The History of Al-Hijaz Railway > 1- The Project begining introduction of Al - Hijaz History 1- Beginning of the project 2-TheimplementationStage 3-Description of the line 4- Line stations 5-extended the rail line Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site The Project Scope -target user swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? It was the year 1864 when the idea of establishing Hijaz railway was first born on the hands of Dr. Zambel “An American engineer descending from German origins” that was during the constructing of Suez Canal that linked Damascus to Red Sea coast. This suggestion Has not received sufficient attention, But soon it returned to emerge in 1880 when the Minister of Public Works in Astana provided a broader project that implies an extension of t his Railway from Damascus to the Saudi Arabia, but the project was not implemented due to financial difficulties and has remained a dead letter. Few years later, in 1900 Syrian lzzet Pasha Abid who was occupying the post of Secretary-11 to the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid had commemorated the idea again, when he suggested the implementation of the project to the Sultan, who in turn got Enthusiastic to it and started a world-wide campaign in the Muslim world focused on the issue of making it easy for Muslims pilgrims to reach the land of Hijaz. The project initially faced financial difficulties, including the magnitude of the cost, estimated at about 3.5 million Ottoman lire at the time of which the Ottoman state was facing a fierce financial crisis. Moreover, Sultan Abdul Hamid wanted to confer an Islamic character on his project, and thus wanted to be established without resorting to foreign sources, therefore, Sultan appealed to the Islamic world through the secretary "Ezzat Pasha Abid" to donate to his project. This appeal had immediately got a positive response of the Muslims worldwide. After Sultan's decision, two committees were formed to oversee the implementation of the project. The first one was headed by Abid Pasha, based in Istanbul, and the other based in Damascus, headed by The Levant governor, where Mukhtar Beck -an Ottoman engineer- had surveyed the area between Damascus and Medina through which the railway was passing. This railway tracked -in general- the old road, which was followed by convoys of Muslims pilgrims.
  5. 5. introduction of Al - Hijaz History 1- Beginning of the project 2-TheimplementationStage 3-Description of the line 4- Line stations 5-extended the rail line Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site The Project Scope -target user swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Hijaz Railway plan Damascus Medina
  6. 6. The History of Al- Hijaz Railway > 2-The introduction of Al - Hijaz History 1- Beginning of the project 2-TheimplementationStage 3-Description of the line 4- Line stations 5-extended the rail line Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site The Project Scope -target user swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? implementation Stage Railway construction works Hejaz railway line-Keswe-1903 In September 1900 The Work Of construction started in "Mazirib", Houran Area, then the Ottoman government decided to extend the railway line to Damascus as Damascus- Dar'a rail way, thus, work began on both sides Damascus and Mazirib at the same time. Construction work took about seven years to the year 1908, as has been done only to Medina and was scheduled to arrive in Mecca in the second stage to Jedda and then to Aden in Yemen as a third stage. However, this idea has been dismissed. The Hejaz line costs less the costs of railway lines in the Ottoman Empire at all, despite the magnitude of many of its facilities, the total cost - including trains and vehicles and other buildings along the line about four million and 283 thousand Ottoman pounds. the completion of building the Hijaz Railway ended at 1908 and the first train arrived to Medina on August 23, 1908, in a trip that lasted nearly 55 hours and the official ceremony was held for the opening of the railway line a week later for the anniversary took over Sultan Abdul Hamid II power.
  7. 7. The History of Al- Hijaz Railway > 3-Description introduction of Al - Hijaz History 1- Beginning of the project 2-TheimplementationStage 3-Description of the line 4- Line stations 5-extended the rail line Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site The Project Scope -target user swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? of the line Hijaz Railway did many great services to Muslims Pilgrims, since pilgrims of Levant and Anatolia were able to cross the distance from Damascus to Medina in only five days instead of forty days at the pat, having in mind that the estimated time needed for the train to reach Medina was seventytwo hours and the remained five days were spent stopping at stations and changing locomotives. the train starts from the station Qadam in Damascus breaching Gottha tward the south east in the straighter of Line name km the Hauran hill. Passes in the Kessoe village and then 1308 Damascuscrossing Horan hill to reach to Daraa station. Then there Madina is Haifaa line which branch from Daraa line then heading towards the sea. After Daraa station the line moves 35 Om 3’arzatowards the south-east and then south and passes near the Basra "Mafraq Castle and Castle Samra. 162 Hayfa-Daraa the line Cut the Blue River Valley on the bridge and up to Oman, 223 kilometers from Damascus. After the exit from 17 Hayfa-Aka Amman the line heading towards the south and then tends 77 Afola-Nablos towards the east and wraps around parties of Wadi Mujib and then also heading towards the south and pass near 1599 Total Khan raisins and Qatraneh ,Hasa and Anza Castle. Then the line arrive to Ma’an . This city is the middle point of the Hejaz line because they are away from the terminal on equal dimensions and the station two kilometers away from the city of Ma'an . After Ma'an line heading towards the south-east and then climb Al-Aqaba . Then the line arrive to the retained station. On 1 September of the year 1907 was the fourth section of the line-Hijazi, a section located between the Ma’an and Tabuk with a length of 331 kilometers. Have been on the same date celebrate the opening of a new section between Tabuk and Madain Saleh, which lies 955 kilometers from Damascus. After Madain Saleh line arrive to Ela. And then fall to the Hadya town after Hadya line climb to the Antar stable line and Osman wells and then to Medina, which rises 700 meters above sea level and about 1320 kilometers from Damascus ..
  8. 8. The History of Al- Hijaz Railway > introduction of Al - Hijaz History 1- Beginning of the project 2-TheimplementationStage 3-Description of the line 4- Line stations 5-extended the rail line Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site The Project Scope -target user swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? 4 - line stations ‫ 9091ﻡ‬Al Mydan Station . Al Kadam station is the first. and largest station on the Railway line. It has the greatest plant for maintenance of trains and wagons , it has also "turn table" for locomotives. After Al Kadam Station, Dar'a Station comes. It contains a repository of locomotives , small maintenance factory and "Locomotive triangle". This station forks to another line that leads to Haifa then extends to reach Yarmouk, Valley. ' The third Station on this railway line is."Amman; where there is a repository of locomotives maintenance factory and "turn Table. Leaving Amman, Ma'an Station Comes next then Tabuk comes after. All of them contain depots for locomotives and small maintenance! factories. The Railway line continues to march up to benefit the cities, which contains the second largest repository modates six steam locomotives. The last Station ‘ on the Railway line is Medina Station it has a massive locomotives warehouse of twelve steam locomotive capacity, In addition to the largest water tank on Hijaz Railway. The rest of the stations on the Railway line are small or medium includes overnight accommodation for passengers. ‫4091 ﻡ‬ Amman Station ‫ 9091ﻡ‬Tabok Station ‫ 0591ﻡ‬Qadam Station
  9. 9. The History of Al- Hijaz Railway > introduction of Al - Hijaz History 1- Beginning of the project 2-TheimplementationStage 3-Description of the line 4- Line stations 5-extended the rail line Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site The Project Scope -target user swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? 5 - extended the rail line The French company "Cham Hama and extensions" Blag with Ottoman authority to extend the railway line from Damascus - Hama to Aleppo and to link it with a line "Damascus shield 185 kilometers," a length of 143 km the company made abase west of Aleppo, then turned to the station Sham . first train arrived in Aleppo in 1906, Aleppo has thus contacted with the port of Beirut via bold Hama _ Homs _ Riyaq and line the narrow Hejaz railway. The company has the management and investment of the southern railway network within Syrian territory and axes, namely: Aleppo - Hama - Homs Akkari, a length of 268 km Homs short length of 36 km Serghaya - Damascus - Daraa length of 185 km After achieving independence in 1946 Iron Syrian state institution brought to invest axes lines of the Northern railway network, namely: Aleppo – Al-raai – SquMaydan ekbes length of 166 km Qamishli – Eaaropea - the Iraqi border, a length of 82 km In 1955 an agreement was signed for the purchase of the southern sections of the railway network and annexed to (Syrian State Railway) In the era of unity between Syria and Egypt emerged as the importance of establishing a network of railway lines linking Between the port of Latakia on the Mediterranean and Aleppo and thence to Raqqa, Deir ez-Zor and Hasakah and Qamishli agricultural production sources. In 1960, work began to establish that the railway line on the axis of Aleppo _ Raka _ Deir al-Zour _ Hasakah In 1967 necessary, establish railway line on Tartus _ axis Akkari a length of 42 km and for the transfer of materials and equipment needed for the construction of a dam the Euphrates has invested this line in 1969. In 1975, the railway line was inaugurated between Aleppo and Latakia and put in investment and a length of 202 km.
  10. 10. The History of Al- Hijaz Railway > introduction of Al - Hijaz History 1- Beginning of the project 2-TheimplementationStage 3-Description of the line 4- Line stations 5-extended the rail line Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site The Project Scope -target user swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? 5 - extended the rail line And on the axis (Aleppo - tenderness - Deir al-Zour Hasakah - Qamishli) found it necessary to establish a railway linking the station friendship to the city of Thawra located on the Euphrates Dam, to the transfer of equipment and tools needed to create . the establishment of this link was accompanied with the construction of the bridge, which was held on the River Euphrates and the socalled bridge of friendship, and the establishment of the railway took on the axis (Aleppo - tenderness - Deir al-Zour -Alhasakah - Qamishli) until 1975 and a length of 547 km. In 1979, the two sides the Iraqi and Syrian agreed on Create a new railway line runs from Baghdad-based - Husayba in Iraq to Abu Kamal - Deir ez-Zor in Syria and the length ofthis line in Iraqi territory 376 km and a length in the Syrian territory with 189 km branches. The axis (Aleppo - Hama - Homs - Damascus), it is divided into two sections: The first section of it is a renewal of the railway line between (Aleppo - Hama - Homs) The second section of it to create a new railway line linking Homs and Damascus. It was the completion of the renewal lines and create new lines and started running goods trains travelers toward Damascus in 1983. Thus evolved the Syrian railway lines reaching length of 2450 km linked to all areas in Syria From production centers to export ports and design speeds of 120 passenger km - h and 100 km Shipping - h and weight of these polar axes of 20 tons and serve these lines diesel electric trains are maintained and modern means of a mechanism lines and modern equipment.
  11. 11. The Recent Situation >1- General Establishment lines for the Hejaz railway line introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? and activities Qdam station now : 1-provinces lines : Qadam –Daraa 2-Suburbs lines : Keswe - Private Universities - Qadam Atana –Somarea - Qadam Alhameh-Qodsaea- Zabadane – Qadam Air port – Qadam Qadam Station currently offering several activities the most important: 1 - Investment rails with narrow capacity -1050 mm- existing now and also in case of developed it to capacity -1435 mm- for passenger and freight within and outside the country to Jordan and to Lebanon. 2- Kadam station includes two main lines: - Damascus Daraa line - with its branches in a southerly direction towards the Jordan and was arrive in the past to Medina and called Hijaz Railway(1900-1908) -Damascus line Srgaya -old Beirut-Damascus line- 1895 line includes Damascus Katana 1967 3-Board manufacturing cars and all that can be manufactured in existing laboratories which are working on the developed it . 4- Implementation of the business of the private and public sectors according to the possibilities available to the competent professional workshops _ joinery - Blacksmith - Electricity - Upholstery – Welding. 5-investment properties owned by Qadam Station in the governorates of Damascus and its countryside and Daraa and In Beirut.
  12. 12. introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ?
  13. 13. The Recent Situation > 2-economic investment projects: introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums Existing economic investment projects: 1- Samarames Hotel in Victoria - Damascus. 2- Hamed Complex Mall in Daraa. 3- Rahma market in Daraa. 4- Travel centers in the Qadam - Damascus. 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes Future economic investment projects: 1-Market Project Hijaz and commercial complex (the land of Hijaz station). 2-Hotel project on the property 748 of Amlak Hejaz railway line. 3-Project to modernize and invest foot station. 4-Project to modernize Hamme Station and to Investment and tourist complex. 5-Project to modernize Zabadani station and to Investment and tourist complex. 6- Hotel project in Deraa station. 7-Hotel project in Bosra station. The goal Getting there ? .
  14. 14. The Recent Situation > 3- Qadam Station Museums introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? The public institution for the Hejaz railway line and on the occasion of the centenary has Established the three museums' living museum - collectibles Museum - Museum driving and mobile tools. Museum live: Qadam factor of the Hejaz railway line was run in 1900. To be a center technology equivalent of Kim Netzer factor in Germany. And the factor depended on all kinds of heavy maintenance and heavy manufacturing required for the railway in the Middle East .It is proud of the General Organization for the Hejaz railway line that the hand of maintenance and operation continued until today to keep the machines and equipment working alive. It Performs its duties in the heavy and light maintenance of steam locomotives and wagons. And thus was born the idea of ​putting this Factory Heritageuntil the present era in the form of athe (live museum) to watch history which is still in the case of the tender. Belongings Museum: Museum was created to collect the assets which are still working as they were before more than a hundred years that have become part of Syrian heritage in one place. The Rolling Stock Museum : the museum was created on factor’s land OF Qadam station combines locomotives and wagons that important in the history of the Hejaz railway line some of them rarer in the world .
  15. 15. The Recent Situation > 4- The Rolling Stock Museum introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. The General establishment of Hijaz Railway owns a collection of archaeological locomotives and wagons, some of them are the rarest worldwide, such as SLM 1894, Hartmann 1906 and Jung 1906. Based on this, a museum has been founded on the location of AIKadam station plants under the name " The Roll Stock Museum11 , this museum includes the most important locomotives and wagons in the history of Hijaz Railway. This location has been chosen for its historical value, as it was- and still is- equipped for locomotives and wagons, either for maintenance operations or for getting ready for their regular trips. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? The most important reason that distinguishes this Roll Stock Museum from other museums around the world is Offering the chance of watching many steam locomotives of age exceeds the hundred years old and still highly efficient performing their trips under The service of General Establishment of Hijaz Railway, especially the suburbs trips around Damascus city, during which those locomotives are towing many wagons that have been recently renovated and put to work. Some of these wagons are holding the sultanic character with relation to Sultan Abdul Hamid, who used them during his trips. A general view of the Museum
  16. 16. The Recent Situation > 4- The Rolling Stock Museum introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Each locomotive narrates its story through the identity plate assigned nearby. Once the visitor to consider its body that reflects an ancient rich historical inheritance; it would seem as if he is watching a documentary about its Biography. The General establishment of Hijaz Railway, founding" The Roll Stock Museum ", aims to enrich the touristic role of Hijaz Railway in Syria and thus allow for more communication between railways researchers and amateurs. One hundred and thirty tow steam locomotive from multi-sources had worked on Hijaz Railway till early sixties of the last century. Processing all kinds of maintenance and. reconstruction works to steam locomotives and carriages, the establishment has got the help of former employees' expertise with the participation of the establishment qualified team. A general view of the Museum Some trains and identifiable by the panel.
  17. 17. The Recent Situation > 5- The Belongings introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Museum Al-Hijaz Railway The Belongings Museum The General Establishment of AlHijaz Railway has also created a museum for belongings. It contains many stuff and tools that belongs to locomotives, wagons, stations and the plant. Some of them has become a past of historical value. The rest have proved being worthwhile as they keep on facilitating the tasks for the establishment staff. The set of Hijaz Railway assets is considered to be the most important and antique one of Railways worldwide. These assets, which are still operating with the same efficiency as they were hundred years ago, have become a part of the Syrian Heritage .
  18. 18. The Recent Situation > 5- The Belongings introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Museum This museum contains antique pieces that are still functioning such as; The set of communication devices that contains fixed and mobile telecommunication. The set of old- timers that contains clocks, bells in addition to trains-traffic boards and stations regulators' tools. The set of administrative and operational works' Items. It contains a range of tickets printer, schemes of Trains-Traffic, office furniture and medical checkup equipments for workers. The Manual and mechanical set of both machines and hand tools such as, manual and mechanical cranes, wheels crucibles and even wool-carding tools! The set of archaeological schemes which involves ancient engineering schemes of many old stations buildings. Also, there are a lot of significant geographical maps that shows Hijaz Railway track and stations on the line, in addition to numerous historical documents. By founding the "Belongings Museum", The General establishment of Hijaz Railway aims to focus on a wonderful part of Syrian railway Heritage, adding to that, paving the way before all researchers and specialized in railway Heritage to explore.
  19. 19. The Recent Situation > 6- The Live Museum introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 1-G E lines for Hijaz railway 2-economic projects 3-Qadam Station Museums 4-The Rolling Stock Mus. 5- The Belongings Mus. 6- The Live Museum What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Ottomans; and Germans experts supervised the processing of the first maintenance plant specialized in 'steam locomotives,,.and passenger carriages in Damas- cuS/ AIKadam area. This plant was a microcosm of the plant "Kemnitz " in Germany which,,was wellknown as adopting the latest techniques of that age worked on steam/which in turn underscored the importance and uniqueness of AlKadam plant all over the middle east in terms of equipments and Experience. It is a cause for pride to mention that all divisions of this plant are still in service and is working very efficiently so. far, despite of the hundred years and more since they had entered the work arena. Some machinery are almost unprecedented at the local level. Being on this high level of importance, supported by The current administration and on the occasion of The Centennial Anniversary of Launching All#rjaz Railway; the General Establishment of AlHijaz Railway has re-processed the major Running sections of the plant, such as steam, piston, lathes, Blacksmithing and Spilling which are collectively considered as as integrated centre for the Reconstruction and maintenance of steam and diesel locomotives, in addition ,to Other sections that worked on the reconstruction of both wagons of Sultan Abdul Hamid 11 and the Pilgrims wagon. From this standpoint, the Establishment transformed this outstanding plant with all its divisions into an Amazing museum to participate the joy of watching admiringly a one hundred years and more of the continuous ' tender legacy and named it the Live Museum.
  20. 20. What …… ?? .> introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? The Nature Of The Project - The Selected Problem. The nature of the project: 1-Train station «outskirts lines» 2-Metro Station «lines provinces» 3-Shopping center 4-Museums group 5-Cultural and tourist events. How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? The problem selected: 1 - the neglect of infrastructure for rail transport. 2 - Lack of a reliable public transport system . 3 - neglect of museums owned by the General Establishment of Hejaz railway line. 4 - a traffic jam on the main roads and the city center. As a result, pollution, noise, and visual effects resulting from this traffic jam which seriously impair the quality of life in Damascus. 5 - environmental crisis because of the heavy reliance on the transport by private car and buses where the rate of pollution increases in the city of Damascus over the permitted limit. the number of cars that roam the streets of the capital, the more than / 300 / thousand vehicles.
  21. 21. Why …...…?? .> 1-The reason behind Qadam. introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? The project site The function How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? choosing the project site: 1 – Qadam station is the first and largest station on the Hejaz railway line. 2 - the station placed on the southern outskirts of Damascus. Qadam station is the southern gate of the capital Damascus. 3 - The Station contains the museums : live museum ,The Rolling Stock Museum and The Belongings Museum . Why station outskirts lines.? because of lines suburbs: “Qadam-keswe – Private Univirsity” “Qadam-Atana-Somaria “ “ Qadam –Hameh-Qodsaya-Zabadani” “ Qadam – Airport “ Why Metro station provinces lines.? Because of proposal by the province of Damascus, the first line will be implemented 'Green Line' Why shopping mall.? To be the center which serves the residential area surrounding the «Qadam – Mydan “ and in addition to the station. Why the museum ..? because of the three museums which existing there .
  22. 22. Why …...…?? .> 2- The reason behind introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? The project site The function How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Why Trains? choosing function. 1- Trains are Safer. 2-trains are more energy-efficient and better for the environment. A) Building a high-speed passenger train would result in saving thousands barrels of oil . B)Freight trains are several times more energy-efficient than trucks. because 1) the rolling resistance of the steel wheels of trains is lower than that of truck tires on the road. 2) trains encounter less proportional wind resistance than trucks > a train car is partly shielded from the headwind by the car in front of it. 3) Railroads now move a ton of freight nearly 410 miles for each gallon of diesel fuel used, A truck, on average, moves a ton of freight about 100 miles for each gallon of diesel fuel, and emits 3 times as much pollution. C) Trains can carry heavier loads than trucks. 3-Trains carry more people. 4-Trains improve quality of life.
  23. 23. Why …...…?? .> 2- The reason behind introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? The project site The function How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? choosing function. Why Station? 1-The latest generation of innovative designs for this building type respond to the comfort and efficiency of rail travel and explore the station and its surrounding buildings as an important part of the city’s urban fabric 2-Stations are very convenient 1)You can see a lot of people in the station. 2) Some stations have accommodation facilities such as hotels. They even have restaurants and shopping centres inside, not to mention the areas for trains. 3)You can also buy journals, sweets and flowers in the station or on the platform. 3-Let’s enjoy a great art at station We usually pass through a station in a hurry. But if we have enough time to look around the station, we can enjoy cultural activities such as monthly concerts in there and museums/galleries or theatres next to the station. Not only are trains starting from stations, but some culture also starts from there. 4- Public Health A study found that providing non-emergency medical transportation leads to a reduction in health care costs. Providing non- Easy and safe transportation helps people who are unable to drive due to low income, physical or mental disability, person has asthma.
  24. 24. Why …...…?? .> 2- The reason behind introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? The project site The function How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? choosing function. Why Station? 5- Our kids need it Over the past thirty years, we've designed our streets and developments more for cars than for people. That is people have become afraid to walk and to bike, and they're afraid to let their kids walk and bike. This has made many kids virtual prisoners of their houses, dependent on adults to chauffeur them to every outside activity, and affects their socialization Partly as a result of a huge decline in kids walking and biking to school, childhood obesity has increased so much National Institutes of Health warns that this generation will not live as long as as their parents. Air pollution from automobile use increases asthma and cancer rates and shortens children's lives. Our society's infrastructure choices are making people's lives shorter, not longer. 6-And so do we: Almost all of us will become unable to drive during the last three years of our life if we are fortunate to live to old age. When that time comes for us, what kind of quality of life will we enjoy? How will we get to our health care appointments? 7- our population is growing 8-Transit helps build efficient economies. Cities with good public transit spend less money on road maintenance, and have more money available to meet other needs. These urban areas build wealth. Good public transit provides a vital economic service. Rail transit is about four times more energy efficient than the automobile.
  25. 25. How…...…?? .>Solve Problems-The possibility of Working- assumption the implementing agency. introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? 1 - Enter a rapid transport system based on the railway. 2 - The using of metro lines will improve the quality of your life. 3 - less traffic jam in the city and that means less pollution and noise. 4 - will be the existence of a modern train station is necessary and essential to the development of the city of Damascus and to attract business and new business ventures. 5- Incubate the Live museum and the The Rolling Stock Museum inside the station building and integrating the four activities «Train Station suburbs - Metro Station provinces - mall - Museums - cultural events Intercity » which makes the Qadam Central Station building includes everything you need in Central station building of the capital Damascus ,offers its services at peak hours for 9,000 people. Metro lines: Red Line = 12 km – 23 stations begins from Mezze. Blue Line= 7 km - 8 stations begins from Qadam station passing through the center and ends of mountain regions Gray Line = 5 km -5 stations begin from the south-east and ends mihagren . Line annular ring= to meet passenger streams - 21 km long -with 17 stations. Trains Speed ​and absorbation : Electric trains 'Metro' speed up to thirty kilometers per hour. 45 thousand passengers per hour. 690,000 to 860,000 passengers per day, according to initial expectations for the number of passengers. The owner : The Establishment of the implementation of military construction the province of Damascus. The implementing agency of the project: the French company Systra.
  26. 26. The Site………….. introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Qadam Station is 2.6 km away from the city center “Marja Square” And 1.3 km from the southern circinate. Land Area: 15 hectares. Properties Location: southern entrance to the city of Damascus .
  27. 27. The Project Scope ……..: introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? 1 - receive all train lines coming from the south of Damascus. 2 - starting all outgoing lines to the north. 3 -Exchange point between surface trains ”suburban trains” and underground metro lines . 4 - Rehabilitation of the Live museum. 5 - commercial and investment center. The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? The Target User ……..: 1 - college students. 2 - the owners of factories and companies. 3 - tourists. 4 - enthusiasts and rail researchers and passion owners. 5 - engineers and architects. 6 - the residents of the southern provinces. 7 - users.
  28. 28. SWOT ….. : introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? STRENGTH (helpful) 1-Kadam station is master station in Damascus. 2- the largest station in Damascus. 3- receiving trains and flights from South axes. 4- starting trains and flights to North axes. 5-Located on the southern outskirts of Damascus. WEAKNESS (harmful) 1-Physical state of the existing blocks is bad. 2-Far from the city center and public transport. OPPORTUNITIES (helpful) 1-the existence of the live museum helps to stimulate tourism and investment side that benefits the station. 2-The blocks of the site need to rehabilitate. 3-Proposal subway line between the provinces. 4-The existence two streets limit the site (East – West) 5-enough space. 6- THREATS (harmful) 1-The large size of the project
  29. 29. The Project Component : introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Based on a study of the pillars and the results of the main goals of the project have been extracted Career program, which supports the following key elements: 1 - Train Station. 2 - Metro Station. 3 - a major internal vacuum. 4 - a shopping mall. 5 - In addition to the essential elements in the compound, namely: - surface Parking - Underground parking. - Warehouses. As a result of the multiple key elements which present in the project resulted in a study of the importance of those elements and the study of the relationship of these elements to each other, according to the priority : 1 - primary relationship: is the exchange relationship between the train station and the subway station through insurance a directly axis from the last pavement to the last Stairs before access to the metro. 2 - The second relationship: is the relationship between the train station and the subway on the one hand, and the main inner vacuum from other Hand , so as to ensure coherence durable and easy clear between the previous items. 3 - The third relationship: is the relationship between the mall with main internal vacuum in an important relationship where the main inner vacuum is a main link between the commercial center on the one hand and the train station and the subway on the other hand.
  30. 30. The Project Component : introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? Station consists of the following: 1 – passengers Section : _ 1.4 m _ This section contains various events which is : waiting queries - Travel Agencies - kiosks - health services – Telephone kiosks - Internet Rooms - medical point - security point - deposit - A representative of the station - the deposit and receive bags - exits fires this section is a paid area. 2 – ticketing Section : _ 1.4 m _ located in the region opposite of the direct entrance and includes : tickets VENTS section and staff Break section (with service rooms). 3 - service management Section : _ 6.4 m_ consists of the managar of the station, crews administrative rooms , archives, meeting rooms, operating rooms, computer rooms , printing rooms, multi-purpose, services, security point «this section located in the latter part of the second floor. 4 - The main vacuum: _ 1.4 m _ is a vacuum which defines the main entry point for the station and connects the various elements of the project such , this section is an unpaid area. 5 - the train station: _-5m _ I studied the station level to achieve easy access to and from the pavements, which is a 3 tracks _ 6 lines 6 – Metro Station : _-16m _ I studied all axes and possible ways to get to the station. Metro station please connect with the train station by the main vacuum also connect directly with the plaza in addition to its contacts with parking level , which is two tracks _4 lines «Daraa – Qadam « Qadam – Daraa «Homs – Qadam « Qadam - Homs, ».
  31. 31. The Project Component : introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? 7 - commercial centre : It is of two types: 1 - commercial plaza, which serves travelers. 2 - mall: _ 6.4 m_ is in a second floor of the project and serves the area of ​Qadam and surronding area and can be reached from outside the station , parking area or through the main inner vacuum . The mall consists of 150 shop where it is different from each other by the level and location that is occupied, there is two types , the first one depends on the strategy of open spaces, the second separates from each other. Main elements of the commercial center are: 1 – 150 commercial shops which is differrent by location and level . 2 - two areas of restaurants, one on the commercial floor and the other in the plaza. 3 - bars, cafés and restaurants mild on different parts of the the commercial center 4 - Parking in the basement level up to 2500 position 5 - Super Market opens 24-hour exists in the the basement level . 6- Games hole - Pauling - Billiards - games for kids. 7 - the basement Contains on the warehouses that serve the the train station and the commercial center. 8- Car Parking: which is about four-storeis under the surface of the earth , and the surface parking which is two sections _ private cars parking _ the public transport parking «Taxi _ Busses Internal transport _ students transport _ staff transport.
  32. 32. Analyzes …..: > 1- The railways in Damascus introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? . Syrian railway lines belonging to the General Establishment to Syrian railways ministry of transport According to the plan of Damascus noticed the exictence of one main station that dedicated to passengers which is Qadam station in the southern region of the city, due to existing maintenance in Hijaz station located in the historical heart of the city. Qadam station receiving trains and flights coming from all over Syria to cover the axes North and South and East, for the lines of the South, this station is doing the ideal role because of existence in the southern region of the city, as we mentioned earlier, especially with the possibility of arrival these lines to the Hijaz station in the future so that Hijaz station will become an end station of the line for the surface trains and exchange station between the surface trains on the one hand and subway trains on the other. For the lines of the Northern and Eastern, the trains on these lines reach to the northeastern border of the city and don’t entering the city, so these lines move around the city of Damascus from the north-eastern region to the southern city of Damascus to reach the Qadam station followed Hijaz ,this process takes on average 45 minutes. Based on the earlier idea was suggested establish a new train station in the northeastern region of the city to accommodate all passenger trains in order to reduce the travel time and in this case the city of Damascus will has, two major stations which commensurate with the southern and northern entrances to the city (Kaboun train station north – Qadam train station and the Hijaz - south) with confirmation connect the two stations together with the different types of transport as well as connect stations with city center. 3 2 4
  33. 33. Analyzes …..: > 1- The railways in Damascus introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? . Damascus Metro study belonging to the province of Damascus: Given the state of traffic jams experienced by the city of Damascus resulting of the increased number of cars with the future expectation of increase their numbers and an emphasis on the concept of mass transit, since the seventies suggested the existence of underground trains in the city of Damascus and the Russian company started studying this project, but this project has not been implemented . Currently there is a new study onthis topic carried out by the French company Systra this project is belonging to the province of Damascus. This study suggests the establishment of a group of subway lines in the city of Damascus .these lines differ from each other in length, occupations and regions covered , by knowing that the first of these lines will be the Green Line, which is expected to be completed for its implementation in 2017.
  34. 34. Analyzes …..: > 1- The railways in Damascus introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? . Green Line: Is the first metro lines, which will be implemented. the Green Line will connect between the two parties of Damascus- the north-eastern,and the south-western. the line extends from Al-Moadamya west, where will be establishing facilities an area of ​about 15 hectares for overnight subway trains and maintenance it , followed Garage Sumeria and Mezze military airport “with the possibility to convert it to a civilian airport” then Mezze Highway where there is high population density in the region with having many government installations such as the Ministry of Justice - Directorate of communications - then line up to the Faculty of Arts- a student dormitory–Al-Umayyad Square engineering University - Garage Baramka where is expected to establish the highest twin towers in Syria in that region. Then the line Continues to the Hijaz station to reach after the Kassa'a residential,Thawra square ,Tahrir square, down to the Kaboun followed the Kaboun station. the Green Line confirms through this axis to cover all occupancies in the city of municipal, residential ,commercial, governmental and emphasizes the linking between them and confirm the concept of mass transit
  35. 35. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? The beginning Was from the code -selected the long of the pavements, depending on the quality and speed of the trains which used - 300 m lengthTrain speed 30-70km/h 3tracks – 6 lines 35thousand passengers per hour
  36. 36. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? Railway lines currently in Qadam station is in 'zero level' When the live museum was also in the same level _that led to cut the Optical axis to live museum from the entrance.
  37. 37. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? Which made me resort to lowering Railway level to -5 m and raise the level of entrance to +1.4 m .. To achieve the desired height of the movement of trains.
  38. 38. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? We get the level of railway “-5m” entrance level “+1.4 m” Height between the two levels “6.4”
  39. 39. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ?
  40. 40. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? To make a comfortable and smooth movement
  41. 41. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? To achieve smooth movement - stripping the movement of trains Resulted in our internal open space component of the intersection of the two ellipses – which are making the desired goals.
  42. 42. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? The idea of ​an internal vacuum configuration applied for: 1 - the station is a building which humans interact with the machine, so I resorted to make the movement of the machine is an abstract and invisible to the eye and the travelers in the suburban train station, metro station or building the live museum. 2 - to make the movement of travelers comfortable and smooth to navigate through the escalators and sidewalks, as well as to and from the mall. 3 - employment The resulting shape « in the traveling movement smoothly plus to its contribution in distribution of voids and internal departments.
  43. 43. Analyzes …..: > 2- The Inner Vacuum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? It has employed the sides of one ellipse to be 'green corridor' to arrive travellers to and from escalators and from them to the sidewalks. The other sides of the ellipse is a hanging bridge overlooking the live museum and the commercial Plaza and other inner emptiness output.
  44. 44. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 3-The Intervention of Live Museum . The live museum consists of three volumes , in the middle there is a vaccum . To maintain this broom and configure the output vacuum which Sponsor from that volumes , it had been Wrapping the vacuum . To keep the transparency of inner vacuum without hurting the clean volume . Or change its features.
  45. 45. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 3-The Intervention of Live Museum . Embodiment of the principle of «station is the building, which reacts in the man with the machine» was introduced bridge up +3 m extends from the level of access to the inside of the live museum _ to activate the idea of ​the museum and the development of the tourism side_ and to achieve easy access to and from the museum and to make maintenance of locomotives and old Trailers and manufacture invisible «over the introduced bridge . This overlap two constructions« metal for the bridge and stone for live museum, which supports the idea of ​mixing old and new in several respects. The bridge also helps to reach the glazed inner vaccum that used to be a multi-purpose hall "Orchestra plays - Exhibition of the work of artists and sculptors"
  46. 46. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 3-The Intervention of Live Museum . Volumetric composition as it is with the addition of transparancy glazed wrapping in the middle
  47. 47. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 3-The Intervention of Live Museum . In front of the live museum block has been found a commercial plaza to serve the travelers across the two terminals and to complement the live museum facade _ where it has been using the same broom at the facade of the museum and replicated it in the plaza facades Which is about two floors below ground level.
  48. 48. Analyzes …..: > 3-The Intervention of Live Museum . introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M Live museum plan 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? Live museum facade Commercial plaza section
  49. 49. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 4-The Coverage . Railway lines 3 tracks - 6 lines
  50. 50. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 4-The Coverage . Border to be covered
  51. 51. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 4-The Coverage . Primitive Imaginary form of coverage.
  52. 52. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 4-The Coverage . The coverage consists of 19 square sections revolve from each revolve by 5 degrees. Inspired by the decoration used in the architecture of old Damascus. –two “Squares orbiting of each other 45 degrees “ Square Sections were to take advantage of them to be element structural pregnant. And make it 19 clip only the number of the doors of the live museum . Actually appears a half box above the ground's surface. Which makes the station code isosceles triangle repeated 19 times.
  53. 53. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 4-The Coverage . The output size .. It has been coverage with a The network of glass and metal. The sections are Widening in the middle to achieved the coverage of functional spaces for station.
  54. 54. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 4-The Coverage . Was to take advantage of the train’s speed of putting sensors 300 meters away from the station generates electricity resulting from the movement of trains and utilized in moving the units that have been covered roof coverage. Result: make the movement of trains reflected on the station and visible. That the station is the interface and the southern city gate. Closed units
  55. 55. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 4-The Coverage . Semi-open units
  56. 56. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? open units . 4-The Coverage .
  57. 57. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz 4-The Coverage . sections Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? The coverage is divided into three segments sections.the two sides represent the facade to cover up were made ​mostly of glass to be visible inside the station and the upper part is a movement units of light material moving when the train enters the station....
  58. 58. Analyzes …..: > introduction 5-The General Site . .Live museum facade History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? Module of the live museum façade was used in the commercial market façade shaded
  59. 59. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation 5-The General Site . It was drilled down to -5 m level in order to exploit the site to be a place to meet cultural , recreational and commercial events and add to the Tourism and cultural status of the project What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? Was created four terraces rise to overlooking of the live museum and archaeological trains. It were exploiting levels to open commercial shops
  60. 60. Analyzes …..: > introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes 1-Railways - Damascus 2-Inner Vacuum 3-The Intervention of L M 4-The Coverage 5-The General Site The goal Getting there ? 5-The General Site . to take advantage of the Terraces to access to the Belongings museum and the live museum and connectivity with him so was reduced the height in two specific places.
  61. 61. The GOAL : introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? 1- The Qadam Station is the biggest& busiest railway station in Damascus. 2- It Will be the southern gate of Damascus.The first destination for tourists. 3- Thousands of passengers depart and arrive from Qadam Station each month. 4- Qadam station connect the Qadam region with the centre ciry . 5- The station also provides services for Midan & Qadam Zone . 6- It will be a vacuum reacts to the man with the machine which is reflected in its design. 7- It creates a new identity for the south entrance to the city. 8- When you are traveling through Qadam Station, you will find the essential amenities of any train station including the ticket information counter, telephones, transport police, trolleys and photo booths. BT Wi-Fi, T-Mobile . 9- If you want to grab while you are at the station, you can choose from a number of Fast food restaurants and drink options. . After that u can have a cup of coffee, you can also shop at one of the many retail stores located within the station.
  62. 62. Getting There ….??? introduction History of Al Hijaz Recent Situation What..?? WHY ..?? How..?? The site TheProject Scope targetuser swot Project Component Analyzes The goal Getting there ? 1- Car pick up and set down The pick-up / set down point is outside the station/surface barking/+four level barking under ground . Access to parking through a private road to the station. This road is twoways 2- Taxis The taxi rank is just outside the station through the station RD , on the lift of the entrance. Internal Buses : Points to leave the buses from several points around the station. 3- Cyclists: insurance a special corridor for cyclists and private parking for bicycles. 4- tramway line: Marjah - Umayyad - Baramkeh –universities «which has been proposed to secure access from the center of the capital. 5- station outskirts lines: The following lines provide access from the suburbs of Damascus to the station. “Qadam-keswe – Private Univirsity” “Qadam-Atana-Somaria “ “ Qadam –Hameh-Qodsaya-Zabadani” “ Qadam – Airport “
  63. 63. by Khawla Taha Supervision by Dr. Amer Jabri Graduation date –Feb-3-2013 Damascus University

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