What are the differences between l1 and l2


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What are the differences between l1 and l2

  1. 1. What are the differences between L1 and L2 learning? When we learn our first language "L1",we are likely to learn it in different ways and context. We usually learn our second language in a different age.
  2. 2. L2 learningL1 learning Usually at primary and secondary school. It can also start or continue in adulthood. *Baby to young child. (L1 learning lasts into adolescence for some kinds of language and language skills .e .g academic writing Age *Sometimes through exposure but often by being taught specific language. *With strong little or no motivation. *Often by talking about life outside the classroom. *Often by needing to produce language soon after it has been taught. *Often by using language in controlled practice activities. *By exposure to and picking up language. *By wanting and needing to communicate-with strong motivation. *Through interaction with family and friends. *By talking about things present in the child's surroundings. *By listening to and taking in language for many months before using it (silent period). *By playing and experimenting with new language. Ways of learning
  3. 3. L2 learningL1 learning *the learner is not exposed to the L2 very much- often no more than about three hours per week. *Teacher usually simplify their language. *Teacher vary in the amount they praise or encourage learners. * The learner receives little individual attention from the teacher. *Teacher generally correct learners a lot. *The child hears the language around him/her all the time. *Family and friends talk to and interact with the child a lot. *the child has lots of opportunities to experiment with language. *Caretakers often praise(tell the child he/she has done well)and encourage the child's use of language. *Caretakers simplify their speech to the child. *Caretakers rarely correct the form and accuracy of what the child says in an obvious way. Context
  4. 4. Important points: *Foreign language learners need to be exposed to a rich variety of language, use it to communicate and interact ,and have opportunities to focus on form *Motivation is very important in language learning, so we should do all we can to motivate learners . *In the classroom we should try to praise learners and give them as much individual attention as we can.
  5. 5. *Learners are different from one another (in learning style ,age, personality ,etc. We should try to personalize our teaching to match their learning needs and preferences. We can do this by varying our teaching style, approaches, materials, topics, etc. *We should encourage learners to use English as much as possible in their out – of-class time. This increases their exposure to it. They could ,for example, listen to radio programmes or songs, read
  6. 6. *We should try to simplify our language to a level that learners can learn from ,and avoid correcting them too much .they need to build up their fluency, motivation and confidence, and have opportunities to pick up and experiment with language.
  7. 7. I love English
  8. 8. Sahar Amro