Vladimir Marik - Czech Technical Univ - Stanford - Feb 14 2011

Burton Lee
Burton LeeSenior Expert - Growth, Design, Innovation, E-ship, Ecosystems; Lecturer - European Innovation, Stanford Engineering
Technology Transfer and Spin-offs
               at
   Czech Technical University
             (CTU)

                Vladimír MAŘÍK


         Department of Cybernetics
           EU Center of Excellence
     Czech Technical University in Prague
           Prague, Czech Republic
           marik@labe.felk.cvut.cz
           http://cyber.felk.cvut.cz/
                                  Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Czech Technical University in Prague


Established in 1707

2nd oldest Technical University in
Europe

24.000 students

A. Einstein, E. Mach, N. Tesla




                                     Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
CTU position in rankings
QS World University Rankings 2010 - Engineering & Technology
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States
2 Stanford University United States
3 University of California, Berkeley (UCB) United States

120 Duke University, United States
121 Czech Technical University In Prague Czech Republic
122 École des Ponts, ParisTech France
123= University of Amsterdam A* Netherlands
123= University of Southern California (USC) United States

"Where do we stand globally"
#2 in former Eastern Europe & Russia (after #1 96 Lomonosov Moscow
    State U.)
#2 in Central Europe (after #1 98 TU Vienna)
We are trying hard (Technology and Engineering ranking):
CTU: 121 (2010), 171 (2009), 228 (2008) , 359(2007).
                                                 Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University


Research orientation:
- Artificial Intelligence
- Machine Learning & Robotics
- Computer Vision & Perception
- Biomedical Engineering

155 academic staff members (110 FTE):
 20 faculty members
 82 research fellows and 53 Ph.d. students

Mission Objectives:
 Perform internationally recognized research, build teams of research
  excellence
 Support industrial acceptance of research
 Demonstrate potential of industry-university cooperation
 Undergraduate and graduate education in the field of cybernetics

EU Center of Excellence since 2000

                                                  Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Selected Industrial Contracts and Grants

   Rockwell Automation: Distributed artificial intelligence
   BAE Systems: UAV collision avoidance systems
   Medtronic: SW for pacemakers and other medical devices
   Honeywell: Observing people with video cameras
   TOYOTA Motor Corporation: Computer vision - blue sky research
   Volkswagen: Image processing from a moving car
   DENSO Automotive: Agent-based on-board car diagnostics
   CADENCE Design Systems: Multi-agent modeling of IC design process
   Samsung: Reconstruction of images
   Google: Image-based search, security systems
   Texas Instruments: Control and interfacing of digital cameras
   Hitachi: Image processing and face recognition
   Siemens: Planning and scheduling for in-store logistics
   US Air Force Research Lab, U.S.Navy Research, U.S. Army, NASA:
    Deployment of Agent-based technology


                                              Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Department Know-How Transfer Vehicles


Start-up and Spin-off Companies:

 CERTICON, a.s.: (100+ employees): Software Development, Network
  Integration Services, Software Testing, Predictive Algorithms, Planning
  and Scheduling, ASIC Design
 ProTyS, a.s.: (43) Real-time Control Software Development & Testing,
  Intelligent Control, Fuzzy Logics
 NeoVision s.r.o.: (21): Computer Vision
 Eydea, s.r.o. (5): Image Processing
 Cognitive Security, s.r.o.(2): Network Security
 AgentFly Technologies, s.r.o. (2): Air Traffic Control

National Center for Applied Cybernetics (Competence Center):
CTU, TU Brno, WBU, Academy of Science, CertiCon, Neovision+ 7 other
  companies.
The main goal: Technology Transfer, Spreading Excellence


                                                  Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Czech Institute of Informatics and Cybernetics
• Center of Research Excellence
• 36.000 sqm, 450 researchers
• Incubator (15-20 spin-offs), representative offices of large companies
  (IBM, Honeywell, Google, Microsoft..)
• State-of-the-art, competitive and self-sustainable institution




                                                Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Technology Transfer

 Technology Transfer Models
       - Contracts
       - Patents
       - Licensing
       - Joint Research Labs
       - Start-ups (e.g. CertiCon, a.s.)
       - Spin-offs (e.g. Cognitive Security, s.r.o.)
       - Centers for Technology Transfer (Competence Centers)
       - Incubators
       - Technology Parks

 None of the models can be implemented without efforts of both
  the stakeholders (university and industry/enterpreneur)




                                               Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Industrial Stakeholders of the Technology Transfer



 AT Departments of the Headquarters of strong international
  companies or their local branches (Honeywell, Rockwell, IBM, Logica,
  Toyota, Denso): some of them decided to build a local AT branch (e.g.
  Honeywell, Rockwell Automation or CA) to leverage the “local” research
  results

 US governmental agencies/services, like US AFRL, ONR, NASA, EPA,
  FAA, who try to fund/co-fund early stages of very promising research
  activities

 Venture capitalists, usually coming from US, Israel, lately also from
  India

 Local SMEs, e.g. SPEL, Cygni, AWIK, which are looking for governmental
  support to arrange the transfer


                                                 Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Industrial Stakeholders of the Technology Transfer



 Czech companies are usually quite weak and they don’t understand
     the need in financial contribution to ensure a smooth technology
      transfer
     that knowledge and IPR play the role of commercial
      commodities which enter the market
     All IPR gained using governmental or public funding belongs
      to the University, only the specific part of IPR resulting from
      private/industrial funding belongs to the body which funded
      it




                                              Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Technology Transfer Models


 Business Contracts
       - Short-term or long-term
       - IPR fully owns the body who provides funding (= industry)

 Patents
       - no sense to patent in the Czech Republic
       - we usually patent in the US using US lawyers, and then extend
         the patent to cover EU countries and/or Japan
       - some patents are joint patents with foreign companies
       - in the Czech Republic: industrial pattern is a simple form of
         invention registration and provides good protection
       - in general: patents are expensive and provide good protection
         only in the case you are really ready to invest enough money
         (>EUR 1.5 mil) to fight and beat your competitors




                                                Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Technology Transfer Models

 Licensing
        - currently the most efficient, fast and transparent vehicle for a
          technology transfer preferred by the University
        - the University usually asks for
             (i) a small fixed yearly fee, and
             (ii) 5-10% of revenue

 Joint Research Labs
        - very efficient in the case of a long-term cooperation with a strong
          world leader (Microsoft, Cisco, IBM)
        - IPR usually shared by the University and Company, or the
          Company buys it out
        - could potentially be converted into a company subsidiary (this did
          happen in the case of Rockwell Automation Research Center,
          Honeywell Technology Center, CA Development Center)



                                                    Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Technology Transfer Models


 Start-ups

       - built by professors as long-term tools for University-Industry
         transfer – to bridge the gap
       - developers and engineers are employed to ensure various phases
         of the product life cycle (namely design, implementation and
         testing) exploring innovative ideas provided by the University
       - based on licensing of the University IPRs
       - the main difficulty: to properly manage the staff flow between
         the company and the University




                                                  Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
CertiCon
•   Founded in 1996
•   Headquarters in Prague, branch in Pilsen, Vienna-
    Austria & San Jose-US (US MAC)
•   100+ SW Engineers & Researchers
•   Dun & Bradstreet rating 1A1, DUNS 36-690-9096
•   ISO 9001 certification UKAS, ANSI-RAB (BVQI)
•   Business focus in consultancy, engineering and
    outsourcing services:
     • life and mission-critical systems

     • decision support and productivity systems

     • applied research

     • ASIC design, verification and testing

•   Revenue $ 8 mil in 2010
•   Main customers: Medtronic, Teradyne, Cadence, IBM,
    Bosch, Frequentis, Grundfos



                                                 Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Technology Transfer Models

 Spin-offs
        - built to develop a sound idea into a specific product
         - oriented to EXIT
         - based on licensing of the University IPRs
         - they suffer from lack of money
         - they look for pre-seed investors and seed capital
         - the main difficulty: to find good managers and business oriented
           leaders (professors and researchers can play this role successfully
           in exceptional cases, only)

 Incubators needed – we are in the initial phase:
       - CTU Media Lab
       - eClub: joint activity of CTU Media Lab & Credo Ventures
       - Linkages with Plug-and-play Center are being built
       - Part of the Czech Institute of Informatics and Cybernetics


                                                       Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Cognitive Security Start-up

Mission: Providing attack intelligence and last line of defense
 against highly sophisticated attackers

Main Product: CognitiveOne is based on the CAMNEP intrusion detection
  algorithm, developed at CTU. The solution in parts funded by the U.S.
  Army, CERDEC under a grant W91 1NF-08-1-0250.
The technology spun-off into Cognitive Security s.r.o. by licensing from
  CTU

History-in-brief:
 August 2009 - Cognitive Security was established, CertiCon’s pre-seed
  funding
 January 2010 - CognitiveOne launched as commercial product
 April 2010 - Cognitive Security opens branch office in Silicon Valley, (CA,
  USA), with the support of Czechinvest
 November 2010 - Second version of its CognitiveOne product
 February 2011 – Talks with a strong investor – Term Sheet to be signed

                                                   Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Centers and Technology Parks


 Technology Transfer Centers (Competence Centers):
       - efficient if very narrowly focused towards specific technology
       - very good experience with virtual competence centers

 Technology Parks:
        There are 21 of them in the Czech Republic, 2 of them useful
        Not very efficient, they don’t satisfy the needs of technology
         transfer, very bureaucratic
        Very dangerous trend: EU funding used to build new buildings
         for technology parks in regions (out of the capital city of Prague)
        CTU Technology Innovation Center:
            – 4 administrators paid by the University,
            – 4.000 sq feet of space
            – provides space, courses
            – no links with enterpreneurs, venture capitalists
            – no guidance, no motivation
                                                  Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Government Financing Schemes


 The Government Financing Schemes for the early stages of the spin-
  of companies mainly aimed at support of competence centers and
  technology parks and explore – as a rule – the structural EU funding for
  this purpose. These schemes provide just an indirect support to spin-off
  and start-ups.

 New trend (under implementation) in 2011: Direct support to spin-
  offs and start-ups:
     Pre-seed fund - $ 30 mil.
     Seed fund - $ 70 mil.
     These funds will be managed by experienced venture capitalists who
        promised to add $ 50 mil.

 CTU: University Challenge Fund of $ 250 k to provide pre-seed
  capital



                                                 Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Professors and Spin-offs


 There are no principle obstacles to form a spin-off by professors, CTU
  supports their initiatives, but certain rules should be followed:

     Their business and academic activities should be clearly separated
     Either licencies should be paid (5-10% of revenue and/or exit price)
      or shares of the company (20-30%) are awarded to the University
      for exchange of IPR



 Main obstacles:
    Some professors not motivated enough, wanting to live in their
      academic shells
    No reasonable advice provided at critical junctions (opportunity
      recognition, business visions and plans, no links to experienced spin-
      off advisors)



                                                  Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Conclusions


 Technology and innovative solutions available, many results cannot
  be absorbed by local industry
 University management support to technology transfer provided,
  very friendly atmosphere/environment
 Motivation and enthusiasm of researchers – in general - present, funding
  is missing
 There is no efficient University infrastructure and environment to
  absorb the funding (if there is any) in an appropriate way
 Lack of tradition and experience in venture investments
 We are trying to find the optimal methods for technology transfers
  and spin-offs
 Licensing, start-ups and spin-offs are the most popular technology
  transfer methods



                                                 Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
Conclusions


 Government Financing Schemes are starting to directly help to spin-
  offs financially:
     Czechinvest governmental agency: has selected the Plug-and-Play
      Center as a place to learn, helps to bring spin-offs to Silicon Valley to
      gather experience
     Support to private companies acting as technology transfer bodies –
      privatization of the technology transfer area strongly needed




                                                    Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
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Vladimir Marik - Czech Technical Univ - Stanford - Feb 14 2011

  • 1. Technology Transfer and Spin-offs at Czech Technical University (CTU) Vladimír MAŘÍK Department of Cybernetics EU Center of Excellence Czech Technical University in Prague Prague, Czech Republic marik@labe.felk.cvut.cz http://cyber.felk.cvut.cz/ Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 2. Czech Technical University in Prague Established in 1707 2nd oldest Technical University in Europe 24.000 students A. Einstein, E. Mach, N. Tesla Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 3. CTU position in rankings QS World University Rankings 2010 - Engineering & Technology 1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States 2 Stanford University United States 3 University of California, Berkeley (UCB) United States 120 Duke University, United States 121 Czech Technical University In Prague Czech Republic 122 École des Ponts, ParisTech France 123= University of Amsterdam A* Netherlands 123= University of Southern California (USC) United States "Where do we stand globally" #2 in former Eastern Europe & Russia (after #1 96 Lomonosov Moscow State U.) #2 in Central Europe (after #1 98 TU Vienna) We are trying hard (Technology and Engineering ranking): CTU: 121 (2010), 171 (2009), 228 (2008) , 359(2007). Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 4. Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University Research orientation: - Artificial Intelligence - Machine Learning & Robotics - Computer Vision & Perception - Biomedical Engineering 155 academic staff members (110 FTE):  20 faculty members  82 research fellows and 53 Ph.d. students Mission Objectives:  Perform internationally recognized research, build teams of research excellence  Support industrial acceptance of research  Demonstrate potential of industry-university cooperation  Undergraduate and graduate education in the field of cybernetics EU Center of Excellence since 2000 Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 5. Selected Industrial Contracts and Grants  Rockwell Automation: Distributed artificial intelligence  BAE Systems: UAV collision avoidance systems  Medtronic: SW for pacemakers and other medical devices  Honeywell: Observing people with video cameras  TOYOTA Motor Corporation: Computer vision - blue sky research  Volkswagen: Image processing from a moving car  DENSO Automotive: Agent-based on-board car diagnostics  CADENCE Design Systems: Multi-agent modeling of IC design process  Samsung: Reconstruction of images  Google: Image-based search, security systems  Texas Instruments: Control and interfacing of digital cameras  Hitachi: Image processing and face recognition  Siemens: Planning and scheduling for in-store logistics  US Air Force Research Lab, U.S.Navy Research, U.S. Army, NASA: Deployment of Agent-based technology Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 6. Department Know-How Transfer Vehicles Start-up and Spin-off Companies:  CERTICON, a.s.: (100+ employees): Software Development, Network Integration Services, Software Testing, Predictive Algorithms, Planning and Scheduling, ASIC Design  ProTyS, a.s.: (43) Real-time Control Software Development & Testing, Intelligent Control, Fuzzy Logics  NeoVision s.r.o.: (21): Computer Vision  Eydea, s.r.o. (5): Image Processing  Cognitive Security, s.r.o.(2): Network Security  AgentFly Technologies, s.r.o. (2): Air Traffic Control National Center for Applied Cybernetics (Competence Center): CTU, TU Brno, WBU, Academy of Science, CertiCon, Neovision+ 7 other companies. The main goal: Technology Transfer, Spreading Excellence Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 7. Czech Institute of Informatics and Cybernetics • Center of Research Excellence • 36.000 sqm, 450 researchers • Incubator (15-20 spin-offs), representative offices of large companies (IBM, Honeywell, Google, Microsoft..) • State-of-the-art, competitive and self-sustainable institution Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 8. Technology Transfer  Technology Transfer Models - Contracts - Patents - Licensing - Joint Research Labs - Start-ups (e.g. CertiCon, a.s.) - Spin-offs (e.g. Cognitive Security, s.r.o.) - Centers for Technology Transfer (Competence Centers) - Incubators - Technology Parks  None of the models can be implemented without efforts of both the stakeholders (university and industry/enterpreneur) Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 9. Industrial Stakeholders of the Technology Transfer  AT Departments of the Headquarters of strong international companies or their local branches (Honeywell, Rockwell, IBM, Logica, Toyota, Denso): some of them decided to build a local AT branch (e.g. Honeywell, Rockwell Automation or CA) to leverage the “local” research results  US governmental agencies/services, like US AFRL, ONR, NASA, EPA, FAA, who try to fund/co-fund early stages of very promising research activities  Venture capitalists, usually coming from US, Israel, lately also from India  Local SMEs, e.g. SPEL, Cygni, AWIK, which are looking for governmental support to arrange the transfer Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 10. Industrial Stakeholders of the Technology Transfer  Czech companies are usually quite weak and they don’t understand  the need in financial contribution to ensure a smooth technology transfer  that knowledge and IPR play the role of commercial commodities which enter the market  All IPR gained using governmental or public funding belongs to the University, only the specific part of IPR resulting from private/industrial funding belongs to the body which funded it Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 11. Technology Transfer Models  Business Contracts - Short-term or long-term - IPR fully owns the body who provides funding (= industry)  Patents - no sense to patent in the Czech Republic - we usually patent in the US using US lawyers, and then extend the patent to cover EU countries and/or Japan - some patents are joint patents with foreign companies - in the Czech Republic: industrial pattern is a simple form of invention registration and provides good protection - in general: patents are expensive and provide good protection only in the case you are really ready to invest enough money (>EUR 1.5 mil) to fight and beat your competitors Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 12. Technology Transfer Models  Licensing - currently the most efficient, fast and transparent vehicle for a technology transfer preferred by the University - the University usually asks for (i) a small fixed yearly fee, and (ii) 5-10% of revenue  Joint Research Labs - very efficient in the case of a long-term cooperation with a strong world leader (Microsoft, Cisco, IBM) - IPR usually shared by the University and Company, or the Company buys it out - could potentially be converted into a company subsidiary (this did happen in the case of Rockwell Automation Research Center, Honeywell Technology Center, CA Development Center) Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 13. Technology Transfer Models  Start-ups - built by professors as long-term tools for University-Industry transfer – to bridge the gap - developers and engineers are employed to ensure various phases of the product life cycle (namely design, implementation and testing) exploring innovative ideas provided by the University - based on licensing of the University IPRs - the main difficulty: to properly manage the staff flow between the company and the University Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 14. CertiCon • Founded in 1996 • Headquarters in Prague, branch in Pilsen, Vienna- Austria & San Jose-US (US MAC) • 100+ SW Engineers & Researchers • Dun & Bradstreet rating 1A1, DUNS 36-690-9096 • ISO 9001 certification UKAS, ANSI-RAB (BVQI) • Business focus in consultancy, engineering and outsourcing services: • life and mission-critical systems • decision support and productivity systems • applied research • ASIC design, verification and testing • Revenue $ 8 mil in 2010 • Main customers: Medtronic, Teradyne, Cadence, IBM, Bosch, Frequentis, Grundfos Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 15. Technology Transfer Models  Spin-offs - built to develop a sound idea into a specific product - oriented to EXIT - based on licensing of the University IPRs - they suffer from lack of money - they look for pre-seed investors and seed capital - the main difficulty: to find good managers and business oriented leaders (professors and researchers can play this role successfully in exceptional cases, only)  Incubators needed – we are in the initial phase: - CTU Media Lab - eClub: joint activity of CTU Media Lab & Credo Ventures - Linkages with Plug-and-play Center are being built - Part of the Czech Institute of Informatics and Cybernetics Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 16. Cognitive Security Start-up Mission: Providing attack intelligence and last line of defense against highly sophisticated attackers Main Product: CognitiveOne is based on the CAMNEP intrusion detection algorithm, developed at CTU. The solution in parts funded by the U.S. Army, CERDEC under a grant W91 1NF-08-1-0250. The technology spun-off into Cognitive Security s.r.o. by licensing from CTU History-in-brief:  August 2009 - Cognitive Security was established, CertiCon’s pre-seed funding  January 2010 - CognitiveOne launched as commercial product  April 2010 - Cognitive Security opens branch office in Silicon Valley, (CA, USA), with the support of Czechinvest  November 2010 - Second version of its CognitiveOne product  February 2011 – Talks with a strong investor – Term Sheet to be signed Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 17. Centers and Technology Parks  Technology Transfer Centers (Competence Centers): - efficient if very narrowly focused towards specific technology - very good experience with virtual competence centers  Technology Parks:  There are 21 of them in the Czech Republic, 2 of them useful  Not very efficient, they don’t satisfy the needs of technology transfer, very bureaucratic  Very dangerous trend: EU funding used to build new buildings for technology parks in regions (out of the capital city of Prague)  CTU Technology Innovation Center: – 4 administrators paid by the University, – 4.000 sq feet of space – provides space, courses – no links with enterpreneurs, venture capitalists – no guidance, no motivation Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 18. Government Financing Schemes  The Government Financing Schemes for the early stages of the spin- of companies mainly aimed at support of competence centers and technology parks and explore – as a rule – the structural EU funding for this purpose. These schemes provide just an indirect support to spin-off and start-ups.  New trend (under implementation) in 2011: Direct support to spin- offs and start-ups:  Pre-seed fund - $ 30 mil.  Seed fund - $ 70 mil.  These funds will be managed by experienced venture capitalists who promised to add $ 50 mil.  CTU: University Challenge Fund of $ 250 k to provide pre-seed capital Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 19. Professors and Spin-offs  There are no principle obstacles to form a spin-off by professors, CTU supports their initiatives, but certain rules should be followed:  Their business and academic activities should be clearly separated  Either licencies should be paid (5-10% of revenue and/or exit price) or shares of the company (20-30%) are awarded to the University for exchange of IPR  Main obstacles:  Some professors not motivated enough, wanting to live in their academic shells  No reasonable advice provided at critical junctions (opportunity recognition, business visions and plans, no links to experienced spin- off advisors) Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 20. Conclusions  Technology and innovative solutions available, many results cannot be absorbed by local industry  University management support to technology transfer provided, very friendly atmosphere/environment  Motivation and enthusiasm of researchers – in general - present, funding is missing  There is no efficient University infrastructure and environment to absorb the funding (if there is any) in an appropriate way  Lack of tradition and experience in venture investments  We are trying to find the optimal methods for technology transfers and spin-offs  Licensing, start-ups and spin-offs are the most popular technology transfer methods Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University
  • 21. Conclusions  Government Financing Schemes are starting to directly help to spin- offs financially:  Czechinvest governmental agency: has selected the Plug-and-Play Center as a place to learn, helps to bring spin-offs to Silicon Valley to gather experience  Support to private companies acting as technology transfer bodies – privatization of the technology transfer area strongly needed Department of Cybernetics, Czech Technical University