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EU Space Research Program @ Stanford - Reinhard Schulte-Braucks - 21 July 2010

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"European Space Activities under the Research Framework Programme”, presented by Dr. Reinhard Schulte-Braucks, European Commission, Head, Space Research and Development Unit, Brussels, Belgium, July 21 2010 @ Stanford University

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EU Space Research Program @ Stanford - Reinhard Schulte-Braucks - 21 July 2010

  1. 1. European Space Activities under the Research Framework Programme Stanford 21 July 2010 Dr. Reinhard Schulte-Braucks Head of Space Research and Development European Commission Brussels 1
  2. 2. Main topics I. Who are we? II. The EU Space Research Programme III. Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) IV. Research in Strengthening Space Foundations V. International Cooperation 2
  3. 3. Main topics I. Who are we? II. The EU Space Research Programme III. Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) IV. Research in Strengthening Space Foundations V. International Cooperation 3
  4. 4. European Institutions Parliament Commission Council Shares the legislative Executive arm of the The Council of the and budgetary Union, composed of one European Union authority of the Union Commissioner from (composed of twenty- with the Council. 736 each state, being seven national members are elected independent of national ministers, one per state) every five years and interests; responsible is the main decision sit according to for drafting all laws of making body of the political allegiance. the European Union; Union. Its Presidency They represent nearly deals with the day-to- rotates between the 500 million citizens . day running of the states every six months. Union . 4
  5. 5. The 27 Member States of the European Union In addition to the 27 EU Member States, there are 12 associated states, e.g. CH, NOR, TR, IL plus Balkan states 5
  6. 6. EU – ESA Who does what in Space? GMES services GMES satellites Galileo services Galileo satellites Enabling Applied technologies technologies Grants – open to Procurement within 3rd countries ESA member states 6
  7. 7. Main topics I. Who are we? II. The EU Space Research Programme III. Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) IV. Research in Strengthening Space Foundations V. International Cooperation 7
  8. 8. Space in the EU Research Framework Programmes 7th Framework Programme for research and development - FP7 (2007 – 2013) About € 1.4 billion over 7 years Two main areas of research: Global Monitoring of Environment and Security - GMES Strengthening Space Foundations 8
  9. 9. The EU Space Programme FP-7 main topics I. GMES: Major investment in satellites (the Sentinel family) and operational services (Land, Emergency, Marine, Atmosphere, Security) II. Strengthening Space Foundations: Space Technologies, Exploration, Space Transportation, Space Science 9
  10. 10. Main topics I. Who are we? II. The EU Space Research Programme III. Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) IV. Research in Strengthening Space Foundations V. International Cooperation 10
  11. 11. 11 Users Users GMES Overall Architecture Infrastructure In Situ Security Security Farming Emergency Emergency Coastal Zone Coastal Zone Atmosphere Atmosphere Air quality Air quality Marine Marine Land Land Climate Climate Space Infrastructure Change Change INFRASTRUCTURE OBSERVATION DOWNSTREAM SERVICES SERVICES CORE Added Value Chain Added Value Chain
  12. 12. GMES: dedicated space infrastructure Sentinel 1 – SAR imaging (radar data) (2011) • All weather, day/night applications, interferometry • successor of ENVISAT Sentinel 2 – Multispectral imaging (2012) • for land applications, e.g. urban, forest, agriculture • successor of SPOT, Landsat Sentinel 3 – Ocean & Land monitoring (2012) • Wide-swath ocean color, vegetation, sea/land surface temperature, ocean altimetry Sentinel 4 – Geostationary atmospheric (2017) • Atmospheric composition monitoring, trans-boundary pollution Sentinel 5 – Low-orbit atmospheric (2019) • Atmospheric composition monitoring 12
  13. 13. Five GMES services Five FP7 Collaborative Projects funded Atmosphere: MACC Emergency Response: SAFER Land: geoland2 Marine: MyOcean Security: G-MOSAIC 13
  14. 14. Atmosphere Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate (MACC) Combines computer models with observations to monitor the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere and predict regional air quality Greenhouse gases, aerosols, reactive gases such as tropospheric ozone and nitrogen dioxide Air quality, climate forecasting, stratospheric ozone and solar radiation 14
  15. 15. Marine MyOcean Assimilation of space and in situ data into 3D models, representing the physical state of the ocean Observing, monitoring, forecasting temperature, salinity, and currents in oceans and seas Observation data: Sea level, Ocean colour, Sea surface, temperature, Sea Ice & wind Seven Monitoring and Forecasting Centres to serve the Global Ocean, the Arctic, Baltic Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. 15
  16. 16. Main topics I. Who are we? II. The EU Space Research Programme III. Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) IV. Research in Strengthening Space Foundations V. International Cooperation 16
  17. 17. Strengthening Space Foundations Focus on upstream aspects, i.e.: innovative launch/propulsion technologies Space science and exploitation of science data Space technologies and components Open to international cooperation 17
  18. 18. Space Exploration To improve in the long term the capability for interplanetary travel the access to planets’ surfaces the capability to select, collect and return samples processing and analysing the huge amount of data from space missions 18
  19. 19. The Security of Space Infrastructure and Earth Threats: Space debris and collision between spacecraft Earth might be threatened by collision with comets and asteroids - NEOs Apophis asteroid 2029 flyby in 30000 km distance in case of a collision – impact of 100 000 traditional nuclear bombs Hence the necessity to improve space monitoring capabilities to improve the coordination between space powers 19
  20. 20. European Space Situational Awareness – SSA Develop a capability for the monitoring and surveillance of the space infrastructure and of space debris Space weather: impact on telecom infrastructure, power transmission, air transport etc. Active debris removal 20
  21. 21. EC contribution in ranked proposals (call 2010) Share of EC Contribution among 27 MS 18,0 DE FR IT 16,0 UK NL 14,0 ES FI BE 12,0 EL AT PT 10,0 SE % DK HU 8,0 IE PL 6,0 CZ RO MT 4,0 EE LU BG 2,0 LT LV 0,0 Sl 1 CY Country SK 21
  22. 22. Main topics I. Who are we? II. The EU Space Research Programme III. Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) IV. Research in Strengthening Space Foundations V. International Cooperation 22
  23. 23. R ZA U 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000 600.000 700.000 800.000 900.000 0 -S 2.822.000 SS IA US o u -U th A ni f te rica d S UA t a N t Z - -U es N kr ew ai n Ze e a BR land -B ra CD IN zil -C - M Ind on X- ia go M (D ET ex em -E ico th oc io ra EG pia tic - Re Eg M yp t Z- pub M lic oz a of SZ mb ) -S iqu CM wa e -C zila am nd CF e -C CG roo EC Contribution in selected proposals (Euro) en -C n tr a o l A GA ng fri - o ca G a n b Re o n ID p u -In bl do ic Results of the 2009 Call for proposals ne si a (Third Country Participation Space theme) 23
  24. 24. US participation in the 2009 Call (2010 Work Programme and budget) 7 successful proposals: BETs – Deorbiting by electrodynamic tethers (Colorado State Uni, 220 k€) DEORBITSAIL – Deorbiting with solar sails (Caltech/JPL) COMESEP – Coronal mass ejections, forecasting space weather impact (Uni of New Hampshire, 15 k€) 24
  25. 25. Results of the 2009 Call for proposals PLASMON – Modelling of Earth‘s plasmasphere, space weather (New Mexico Inst. Of Mining and Technology, 137 k€; Uni Washington, 40 k€; Los Alamos NL, 9 k€) HESPE – High Energy Solar Physics in Europe (Goddard SFC; Uni of California Berkeley) AFFECTS – Advanced Space Weather Forecast for Ensuring Communications (NOAA Boulder) EURISGIC - European Risk from Geomagnetically Induced Currents; Uni of Maryland, 22 k€ (also a RU partner in the project) 25
  26. 26. PRoVisG (a project from the 1st Call) Planetary Robotics Vision Ground Processing Boosting robotic vision for planetary exploration Electronic eyes and ears lead the way Partners from Russia and Ukraine University of Ohio (full member) NASA - JPL involved in research (getting travel costs reimbursed) 26
  27. 27. Calls for Proposals 2007-2013 Draft split EC Calls and ESA Delegation Agreement 350 EC Call for proposals Services, SSF R&D Data Access Grant Call 4 300 July 2010 ~ 670M€ ESA Delegation Call 3 250 200 M EUR Call 2 150 Call 1 100 50 710 M€ 0 48 M€ 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Space data Space Infrastructure 27
  28. 28. Topics for possible US Participation in the 4th call Focus on upstream aspects, i.e.: Innovative launch/ propulsion technologies Space science and exploitation of mission data Space exploration technologies (robots, in- space propulsion, access to planetary surface) Prevention of impacts from collision with Near Earth Objects (possibly with RU) Access to space for small scale research missions (e.g. cube-and nanosats) All open to international cooperation 28
  29. 29. More information: ec.europa.eu/embrace-space 29
  30. 30. Space Research brochure series Projects from the first 3 Calls 30
  31. 31. Direct links to publications Space Research series http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/s pace/research/publications/index_en.ht m Research*eu space focus ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/news/res earch-eu/docs/research-focus- 06_en.pdf 31
  32. 32. Timeline for the 4th Space call: 20 July 2010 publication • ec.europa.eu/embrace-space • cordis.europa.eu/fp7 25 November 2010 deadline Dec-Feb 2010/2011 evaluation (peer review) by independent experts 32
  33. 33. What could be the topics for long-term EU-US space cooperation? Space and climate change Response to natural disasters Marine environment monitoring Mitigation of threats to space infrastructure and Earth Mobility on planetary surfaces – robotics Survival techniques in space (habitation, life support and protection against environmental influences) Space transportation and future space propulsion technologies 33
  34. 34. Thank you for your attention reinhard.schulte-braucks@ec.europa.eu http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/space_research/index_en.htm 34

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