Action 1: Education systems Communication from the Commission on ‘Delivering on the Modernisation Agenda for Universities: Education, Research, Innovation’ (COM(2006)0208) Communication from the Commission: E-skills for the 21st Century: Fostering Competitiveness, Growth and Jobs (COM(2007) 496) Action 2: European Institute of Technology Proposal from the Commission to establish a European Institute of Technology (COM(2006)604) General approach (25 June 2007) Action 3: Labour market for researchers Green paper on ‘The European Research Area: New Perspectives’ (COM(2007)161). Action 4: Knowledge transfer between universities and public research organisations and industry Communication from the Commission on ‘Improving knowledge transfer between research institutions and industry across Europe: embracing open innovation’ (COM(2007)182) Setting up of a new network for business support services Action 5: Cohesion policy & Clusters The EU’s cohesion policy will be mobilised in support of regional innovation. The Communication from the Commission ‘More research and innovation’ (COM(2005)488) gives guidelines to this end. The Council Decision of 06.10.2006 on Community Strategic Guidelines on Cohesion . Action 6: State aid New Community Framework for State aid for Research and Development and innovation . Communication from the Commission ‘Towards a more effective use of tax incentives in favour of R & D’ (COM(2006)728). Action 7: Patent strategy IPR strategy Communication from the Commission ‘Enhancing the patent system in Europe’ (COM(2007)165) Expert group report: A Memorandum on Removing Barriers for a Better Use of IPR by SMEs IPR Awareness and Enforcement project ( Action ENT5/CIP/07/B/N02C00) (renewal of the IPR Helpdesk ). China IPR SME Helpdesk (ACTION ENT3/IMA N.R./6.1.1) A Communication on an IPR strategy will be adopted in 2008. Action 8: Digital products, services and business models The Commission is monitoring the impact of its legal framework on digital products, services and business models: e-Business W@tch Action 9: Lead markets A policy document on a lead market initiative is under preparation for adoption at the end of 2007. It is to note that the European Technology Platforms and the Europe INNOVA Innovation Panels contribute to encouraging the development of new products and services that the lead market initiative aims at supplementing. Action 10: Procurement Guide on dealing with innovative solutions in public procurement .
Innovation = A new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organizational method, business practice, workplace organization or external relations” (Oslo Manual) Innovation is not a linear process where new research results lead to developing new products / services that then are taken up in the market Innovation is a systemic process with many factors that influence its emergence and success. Innovation is often triggered by a new demand in the market , e.g. a demand for integrating things like a phone, Internet access and TV into one gadget – provided that gadget will be small and light. Enterprises are at the heart of the innovation process , as they can combine the different innovation factors (knowledge, capital, HR, market knowledge) and drive the process with entrepreneurial initiative (risk-taking is a vital element of this). Although policy-makers / public authorities are not at the heart of innovation, they can influence it (in the good and in the bad sense)
DG ENTR : innovation policy development, entrepreneurship, e-business, CIP coordination, space & security research (FP7) DG RTD : research, technological development, demonstration, ERA, 3% objective, FP7 coordination DG INFSO : information society, ICT application (CIP), ICT research (FP7), regulation Also: DG COMP : state aid framework for RTD and innovation DG EAC : Education & training, European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIIT) DG EMPL : ESF for developing and up-grading skills, human potential in the field of research DG ENV : Environmental Technologies, eco-innovation (CIP) DG MARKT : intellectual property, public procurement, financial markets, services DG REGIO : largest EU RTD& innovation budget, but implementation decisions not taken at EU level DG TREN : Energy efficiency, renewable energies, market replication (CIP), Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan) DG SANCO : Consumer protection, health, food safety
Practical Guide to EU funding for research and innovation Life Long Learning: LIFE environment European Fisheries Fund http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/structural_measures/addresses_en.pdf European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/rurdev/countries/index_en.htm EUREKA : a non-EU-dependent pan-European network for market-oriented, industrial R&D created as an intergovernmental initiative. It supports businesses, research centres and universities who carry out pan-European projects to develop innovative products, processes and services. ( www.eureka.be ) COST (European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research) has 34 European member countries and enables scientists to collaborate in a wide spectrum of activities grouped under nine key scientific domains. It also aims to maximise European Synergy and added value in non-competitive and pre-normative research. ( www.cost.esf.org )
EU Innovation Policy - Laurent Bochereau - European Commission - Stanford - Jan 11 2010
Stanford University, 11 January 2010 EU Innovation Policy & Programmes Laurent Bochereau Head of Science, Technology and Education Delegation of the European Union in Washington
<ul><li>European Paradox </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large international share of scientific publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low number of patents and limited share in high-tech products trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EU2020 Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a competitive, connected and greener economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate value for basing growth on knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower people in inclusive societies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, new </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioner for Research, </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation and Science </li></ul>Policy Context
State Aid, financial instruments, Cohesion policy taxation, investor readiness, etc. Knowledge Technologies, methods, Know-how, market knowledge Patents, Copy right, etc. Research funding, IPR rules, technology transfer, networking, clustering, research infrastructure, etc. Capital Private & public sources For enterprises of all sizes and development stages Human Capital Skills, Creativity, Mobility, Flexibility, Adaptability etc. Market regulations Environment & health protection, public procurement, standards, WTO, proof of concept etc. Markets EU & global, consumers, industry & public sector Education and training programmes, labour & social law Immigration, etc. Innovation Enterprises : Product innovation, organisational, marketing, design, Processes, Etc. Which are the EU policies relevant for innovation?
Knowledge COMP, ENTR, ECFIN, MARKT, REGIO, TAXUD, RTD … RTD, ENTR, INFSO, TREN, MARKT … * ERA - 5 th freedom * Capital Human Capital ENTR, MARKT, ENV, SANCO, INFSO, TRADE, REGIO … *Lead Market Initiative* Markets ? EAC, EMPL JLS, RTD … Innovation 2.2. Which are the DGs and programmes relevant for innovation?
€ 6.2 billion Erasmus & Erasmus Mundus: Univ.Educ:Scholarships e-learning in schools Leonardo vocational training € 50 billion Research projects (Mainly multi-country) & joint actions (JTI, 169) Scholarships Policy coordination Capacity building € 3.6 billlion Multi-country Innovation networks Cluster, Monitoring Support services Policy development Financial instruments € 86 billion (of the €347 billion) Nat / regional programmes Research, capacity, SME, Cluster, tech. transfer, services ... Entrepreneurship Innovative ICT Human Capital Which are the EU Funds relevant for innovation? Main EU innovation & research funding instruments Practical guide to EU funding opportunities for research & innovation: cordis.europa.eu/EU-funding-guide/home_en.html
<ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy & performance monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Benchmarking & evaluation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Framework conditions for innovation Regulation on products, safety, health, environment etc., IPR, standards Innovation drivers (research, skills, mobility), market access, labelling, .. Coordination between policy areas EU innovation support Financing Loans, grants for innovative projects, capacity building Proof of concept … Advice Tech. transfer, Tech. Audits, IPR, Innov. Management, Market access … Improving innovation support Through mutual learning at national / regional and EU level Interaction Among innovation players, e.g. cluster, trans-national, Academia-industry-education Partnering, Sectoral coop … Inter-connect National / regional innovation support To pool resources and exploit Single Market potential for creativity Innovators (enterprises, researchers, start-ups, inventors … ) Innovation support providers (agencies, consultants, … ) Innovation policy makers (cross-departmental, multi-level)
<ul><li>Multi-level & </li></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EU / external rel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal policies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies </li></ul>Who is in charge of innovation policy in the Member States? <ul><li>Cross-departmental </li></ul><ul><li>Research / Science </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise / Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Employment / Social </li></ul><ul><li>Environment / Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Finance … Etc. </li></ul>Mix for variable geometries? Political will for more cooperation and synergies? Subsidiarity EU – national – regional – local ?