2010 Exemptions for the2010 Exemptions for the
DMCA: What’s New?DMCA: What’s New?
Christian BurrisChristian Burris
Septemb...
A brief refresher…A brief refresher…
 The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) wasThe Digital Millennium Copyright Act...
Contents of the DMCAContents of the DMCA
 Five provisions:Five provisions:
 Title I: WIPO Copyright and Performances and...
However…However…
 Provisions contain exemptions for “fair use”Provisions contain exemptions for “fair use”
 17 U.S.C. 12...
Break #1Break #1
 A Fair(y) Use TaleA Fair(y) Use Tale
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDohttp://www.youtube.com...
Break #1Break #1
 A Fair(y) Use TaleA Fair(y) Use Tale
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDohttp://www.youtube.com...
Latest exemptionsLatest exemptions
 Issued July 26, 2010- cover six classes of worksIssued July 26, 2010- cover six class...
Exemption 1:Exemption 1:
Motion pictures on DVDsMotion pictures on DVDs
 What it says:What it says:
 ““Motion pictures o...
Exemption 1:Exemption 1:
Motion pictures on DVDsMotion pictures on DVDs
 What it means:What it means:
 Excerpts of films...
Exemption 2:Exemption 2:
Cellphone applicationsCellphone applications
 What it says:What it says:
 ““Computer programs t...
Exemption 2:Exemption 2:
Cellphone applicationsCellphone applications
 What it means:What it means:
 First instance of “...
Exemption 3: Cellphone handsetsExemption 3: Cellphone handsets
 What it says:What it says:
 ““Computer programs, in the ...
Exemption 3: Cellphone handsetsExemption 3: Cellphone handsets
 What it means:What it means:
 Second instance of “jailbr...
Exemption 4: Video gamesExemption 4: Video games
 What it says:What it says:
 ““Video games accessible on personal compu...
Exemption 4: Video gamesExemption 4: Video games
 What it means:What it means:
 DRM protections for video games can be b...
Exemption 5:Exemption 5:
Computer programs protected by donglesComputer programs protected by dongles
 What it says:What ...
Exemption 5:Exemption 5:
Computer programs protected by donglesComputer programs protected by dongles
 What it means:What...
Exemption 6: EbooksExemption 6: Ebooks
 What it says:What it says:
 ““Literary works distributed in ebook format when al...
Exemption 6: EbooksExemption 6: Ebooks
 What it means:What it means:
 Readers can enable the “read aloud” feature of anR...
Break #2Break #2
 Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYntjR4-pY4...
Break #2Break #2
 Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYntjR4-pY4...
AnalysisAnalysis
 Electronic Frontier Foundation says rulingElectronic Frontier Foundation says ruling
offers “new legal ...
AnalysisAnalysis
 Creating video clips from copy-protected DVDsCreating video clips from copy-protected DVDs
now legal fo...
LinksLinks
 U.S. Copyright LawU.S. Copyright Law
 U.S. Copyright Office- Copyright Law, Chapter 12U.S. Copyright Office-...
LinksLinks
 Go Ahead, Jailbreak Your SmartphoneGo Ahead, Jailbreak Your Smartphone
http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Go-Ahead...
LinksLinks
 DMCA Changes: Copyright Rules Made More FlexibleDMCA Changes: Copyright Rules Made More Flexible
http://www.d...
Questions?Questions?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2010 Exemptions for the DMCA: What's New?

351 views

Published on

A presentation to library staff following the

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
351
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2010 Exemptions for the DMCA: What's New?

  1. 1. 2010 Exemptions for the2010 Exemptions for the DMCA: What’s New?DMCA: What’s New? Christian BurrisChristian Burris September 16, 2010September 16, 2010
  2. 2. A brief refresher…A brief refresher…  The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) wasThe Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) was enacted in 1996enacted in 1996  Primary purpose: “It criminalizes production andPrimary purpose: “It criminalizes production and dissemination of technology, devices, or servicesdissemination of technology, devices, or services intended to circumvent measures (commonly known asintended to circumvent measures (commonly known as digital rights management or DRM) that control accessdigital rights management or DRM) that control access to copyrighted works.” (to copyrighted works.” (Wikipedia entryWikipedia entry))  Secondary purpose: “It also criminalizes the act ofSecondary purpose: “It also criminalizes the act of circumventing an access control, whether or not therecircumventing an access control, whether or not there is actual infringement of copyright itself. In addition,is actual infringement of copyright itself. In addition, the DMCA heightens the penalties for copyrightthe DMCA heightens the penalties for copyright infringement on the Internet.” (infringement on the Internet.” (Wikipedia entryWikipedia entry))
  3. 3. Contents of the DMCAContents of the DMCA  Five provisions:Five provisions:  Title I: WIPO Copyright and Performances andTitle I: WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation ActPhonograms Treaties Implementation Act  Title II: Online Copyright Infringement LiabilityTitle II: Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation ActLimitation Act  Title III: Computer Maintenance CompetitionTitle III: Computer Maintenance Competition Assurance ActAssurance Act  Title IV: Miscellaneous ProvisionsTitle IV: Miscellaneous Provisions  Title V: Vessel Hull Design Protection ActTitle V: Vessel Hull Design Protection Act
  4. 4. However…However…  Provisions contain exemptions for “fair use”Provisions contain exemptions for “fair use”  17 U.S.C. 1201(a)(1) requires Librarian of17 U.S.C. 1201(a)(1) requires Librarian of Congress to consider possible exemptions by theCongress to consider possible exemptions by the Copyright Office and issue a decisionCopyright Office and issue a decision accordinglyaccordingly  Changes for exemptions are amended everyChanges for exemptions are amended every three yearsthree years
  5. 5. Break #1Break #1  A Fair(y) Use TaleA Fair(y) Use Tale  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDo
  6. 6. Break #1Break #1  A Fair(y) Use TaleA Fair(y) Use Tale  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDo
  7. 7. Latest exemptionsLatest exemptions  Issued July 26, 2010- cover six classes of worksIssued July 26, 2010- cover six classes of works 1.1. Motion pictures on DVDsMotion pictures on DVDs 2.2. Cellphone applicationsCellphone applications 3.3. Cellphone handsetsCellphone handsets 4.4. Video gamesVideo games 5.5. Computer programs protected by donglesComputer programs protected by dongles 6.6. EbooksEbooks
  8. 8. Exemption 1:Exemption 1: Motion pictures on DVDsMotion pictures on DVDs  What it says:What it says:  ““Motion pictures on DVDs that areMotion pictures on DVDs that are lawfully made andlawfully made and acquiredacquired and that areand that are protected by the Contentprotected by the Content Scrambling SystemScrambling System when circumvention is accomplishedwhen circumvention is accomplished solely in order to accomplish thesolely in order to accomplish the incorporation of shortincorporation of short portions of motion pictures into new works for theportions of motion pictures into new works for the purpose of criticism or commentpurpose of criticism or comment, and where the person, and where the person engaging in circumvention believes and has reasonableengaging in circumvention believes and has reasonable grounds for believing that circumvention is necessary togrounds for believing that circumvention is necessary to fulfill the purpose of the use in the following instances:fulfill the purpose of the use in the following instances:  (i)(i) Educational uses by college and university professors and byEducational uses by college and university professors and by college and university film and media studies studentscollege and university film and media studies students;;  (ii) Documentary filmmaking;(ii) Documentary filmmaking;  (iii) Noncommercial videos”(iii) Noncommercial videos”
  9. 9. Exemption 1:Exemption 1: Motion pictures on DVDsMotion pictures on DVDs  What it means:What it means:  Excerpts of films can be used at colleges andExcerpts of films can be used at colleges and universities byuniversities by faculty in all academic programsfaculty in all academic programs andand students in film and media studies programsstudents in film and media studies programs  Video artists can create “mashups” as long as theyVideo artists can create “mashups” as long as they aren’t used commerciallyaren’t used commercially  Copy protection software can be bypassedCopy protection software can be bypassed  “…“…for the purpose of criticism or comment”for the purpose of criticism or comment”
  10. 10. Exemption 2:Exemption 2: Cellphone applicationsCellphone applications  What it says:What it says:  ““Computer programs thatComputer programs that enable wirelessenable wireless telephone handsets to execute softwaretelephone handsets to execute software applicationsapplications, where, where circumvention iscircumvention is accomplished for the sole purpose of enablingaccomplished for the sole purpose of enabling interoperability of such applicationsinteroperability of such applications, when they, when they have been lawfully obtained, with computerhave been lawfully obtained, with computer programs on the telephone handset.”programs on the telephone handset.”
  11. 11. Exemption 2:Exemption 2: Cellphone applicationsCellphone applications  What it means:What it means:  First instance of “jailbreaking” exemptionFirst instance of “jailbreaking” exemption  Specifically addresses iPhone programs unsupportedSpecifically addresses iPhone programs unsupported by Apple (Google Voice, tethering)by Apple (Google Voice, tethering)  Apple cannot legally prevent iPhone users fromApple cannot legally prevent iPhone users from “jailbreaking” their phone to run the software, and“jailbreaking” their phone to run the software, and they cannot seek punitive damagesthey cannot seek punitive damages  Apple does not have to support “jailbroken” phonesApple does not have to support “jailbroken” phones
  12. 12. Exemption 3: Cellphone handsetsExemption 3: Cellphone handsets  What it says:What it says:  ““Computer programs, in the form of firmware orComputer programs, in the form of firmware or software, thatsoftware, that enable used wireless telephoneenable used wireless telephone handsets to connect to a wirelesshandsets to connect to a wireless telecommunications networktelecommunications network, when, when circumvention is initiated by the owner of thecircumvention is initiated by the owner of the copycopy of the computer program solely in order toof the computer program solely in order to connect to a wireless telecommunicationsconnect to a wireless telecommunications networknetwork and access to the network is authorized byand access to the network is authorized by the operator of the network.”the operator of the network.”
  13. 13. Exemption 3: Cellphone handsetsExemption 3: Cellphone handsets  What it means:What it means:  Second instance of “jailbreaking” exemptionSecond instance of “jailbreaking” exemption  Users can “unlock” their phones to use withUsers can “unlock” their phones to use with different carriers (iPhones on Verizon network)different carriers (iPhones on Verizon network)  Apple does not have to support “jailbroken” phonesApple does not have to support “jailbroken” phones  Could void warranties and supportCould void warranties and support
  14. 14. Exemption 4: Video gamesExemption 4: Video games  What it says:What it says:  ““Video games accessible on personal computers andVideo games accessible on personal computers and protected by technological protection measures that controlprotected by technological protection measures that control access to lawfully obtained works, when circumvention isaccess to lawfully obtained works, when circumvention is accomplished solely for the purpose ofaccomplished solely for the purpose of good faith testinggood faith testing for, investigating, or correcting security flaws orfor, investigating, or correcting security flaws or vulnerabilities, if:vulnerabilities, if:  (i) The information derived from the security testing is used primarily(i) The information derived from the security testing is used primarily to promote the security of the owner or operator of a computer,to promote the security of the owner or operator of a computer, computer system, or computer network; andcomputer system, or computer network; and  (ii) The information derived from the security testing is(ii) The information derived from the security testing is used orused or maintained in a manner that does not facilitate copyrightmaintained in a manner that does not facilitate copyright infringement or a violation of applicable lawinfringement or a violation of applicable law.”.”
  15. 15. Exemption 4: Video gamesExemption 4: Video games  What it means:What it means:  DRM protections for video games can be bypassedDRM protections for video games can be bypassed for security testing by owners and/or operators offor security testing by owners and/or operators of computer hardwarecomputer hardware  Users cannot make use of findings from securityUsers cannot make use of findings from security testing to violate existing copyright lawstesting to violate existing copyright laws
  16. 16. Exemption 5:Exemption 5: Computer programs protected by donglesComputer programs protected by dongles  What it says:What it says:  ““Computer programs protected by dongles thatComputer programs protected by dongles that prevent access due to malfunction or damage andprevent access due to malfunction or damage and which are obsolete.  Awhich are obsolete.  A dongle shall be considereddongle shall be considered obsoleteobsolete if it is no longer manufactured or if aif it is no longer manufactured or if a replacement or repair is no longer reasonablyreplacement or repair is no longer reasonably available in the commercial marketplace;”available in the commercial marketplace;”
  17. 17. Exemption 5:Exemption 5: Computer programs protected by donglesComputer programs protected by dongles  What it means:What it means:  Physical devices for software authenticationPhysical devices for software authentication purposes, like a lock and keypurposes, like a lock and key  If replacements to the dongles are no longerIf replacements to the dongles are no longer available, the programs they were protecting areavailable, the programs they were protecting are open for useopen for use  Continues exemptions from 2003 and 2006Continues exemptions from 2003 and 2006
  18. 18. Exemption 6: EbooksExemption 6: Ebooks  What it says:What it says:  ““Literary works distributed in ebook format when allLiterary works distributed in ebook format when all existing ebook editions of the work (including digitalexisting ebook editions of the work (including digital text editions made available by authorized entities)text editions made available by authorized entities) containcontain access controls that prevent the enablingaccess controls that prevent the enabling either of the book’seither of the book’s read-aloud function or ofread-aloud function or of screen readersscreen readers that render the text into athat render the text into a specialized format.”specialized format.”
  19. 19. Exemption 6: EbooksExemption 6: Ebooks  What it means:What it means:  Readers can enable the “read aloud” feature of anReaders can enable the “read aloud” feature of an ebook readerebook reader  Screen readers can deliver the text from ebooks intoScreen readers can deliver the text from ebooks into alternate formats on the device, e.g. magnifying textalternate formats on the device, e.g. magnifying text
  20. 20. Break #2Break #2  Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYntjR4-pY4http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYntjR4-pY4
  21. 21. Break #2Break #2  Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.Mashup example: Han Solo P.I.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYntjR4-pY4http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYntjR4-pY4
  22. 22. AnalysisAnalysis  Electronic Frontier Foundation says rulingElectronic Frontier Foundation says ruling offers “new legal protections for video artists,offers “new legal protections for video artists, cellphone jailbreakers, and unlockers.”cellphone jailbreakers, and unlockers.”  Library Copyright Alliance praises the decisionLibrary Copyright Alliance praises the decision to give students and faculty of all disciplines theto give students and faculty of all disciplines the right circumvent copy protectionsright circumvent copy protections
  23. 23. AnalysisAnalysis  Creating video clips from copy-protected DVDsCreating video clips from copy-protected DVDs now legal for university faculty of all disciplinesnow legal for university faculty of all disciplines  Regarded as the most sweeping exemptionRegarded as the most sweeping exemption ruling on the DMCA yet, especially in terms ofruling on the DMCA yet, especially in terms of “jailbreaking”“jailbreaking”  Still early to determine consequences of rulingStill early to determine consequences of ruling  Potential to expand the ebook market to morePotential to expand the ebook market to more usersusers
  24. 24. LinksLinks  U.S. Copyright LawU.S. Copyright Law  U.S. Copyright Office- Copyright Law, Chapter 12U.S. Copyright Office- Copyright Law, Chapter 12 http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap12.html#1201http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap12.html#1201  Statement of the Librarian of Congress Relating toStatement of the Librarian of Congress Relating to Section 1201 RulemakingSection 1201 Rulemaking http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/Librarian-of-Congress-1201-Statement.hhttp://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/Librarian-of-Congress-1201-Statement.h  WikipediaWikipedia  Digital Millennium Copyright ActDigital Millennium Copyright Act http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DMCAhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DMCA
  25. 25. LinksLinks  Go Ahead, Jailbreak Your SmartphoneGo Ahead, Jailbreak Your Smartphone http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Go-Ahead-Jailbreak-http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Go-Ahead-Jailbreak- Your-Sm/25792/Your-Sm/25792/  Information on the New DMCA ExemptionsInformation on the New DMCA Exemptions http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Information-on-the-http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Information-on-the- New-DMCA/25795/New-DMCA/25795/  Letting Us Rip: Our New Right to Fair Use of DVDsLetting Us Rip: Our New Right to Fair Use of DVDs http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Letting-Us-Rip-Our-http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Letting-Us-Rip-Our- New-Right/25797/?New-Right/25797/? sid=wc&utm_source=wc&utm_medium=ensid=wc&utm_source=wc&utm_medium=en
  26. 26. LinksLinks  DMCA Changes: Copyright Rules Made More FlexibleDMCA Changes: Copyright Rules Made More Flexible http://www.daniweb.com/news/story299581.htmlhttp://www.daniweb.com/news/story299581.html  EFF Wins New Legal Protections for Video Artists,EFF Wins New Legal Protections for Video Artists, Cell Phone Jailbreakers, and UnlockersCell Phone Jailbreakers, and Unlockers http://www.eff.org/press/archives/2010/07/26http://www.eff.org/press/archives/2010/07/26  The jailbreaking exemption has its limitsThe jailbreaking exemption has its limits http://news.cnet.com/8301-13578_3-20012109-38.html?http://news.cnet.com/8301-13578_3-20012109-38.html? tag=mncol;2ntag=mncol;2n  Library Copyright Alliance Press ReleaseLibrary Copyright Alliance Press Release http://www.arl.org/news/pr/1201exempt-http://www.arl.org/news/pr/1201exempt- 27july10.shtml27july10.shtml
  27. 27. Questions?Questions?

×